tpods of 2018 archive

← 2017 tpods

Entrenched Ideas

Entrenched Ideas

Jun 20, 2018 Did volcanic eruptions create fractures on Mars? When electricity makes contact with a solid body, such as a planet, electric currents pull charged material from the surface. This results in circular craters, because electromagnetism causes the arcs to maintain right angles to the impact zone. In the ...
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Newbie

Newbie

Jun 19, 2018 Titan could be a youthful object. The wine of youth does not always clear with advancing years; sometimes it grows turbid. --- Carl Jung Planetary scientists maintain that Titan's nitrogen and methane atmosphere must be constantly replenished, because ultraviolet light from the distant Sun dissociates gas molecules ...
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Chickens and Eggs

Chickens and Eggs

Jun 18, 2018 Electric currents create magnetic fields in the Sun. “Which came first, the chicken or the egg?” Asking this question always gets a chuckle from a group of kids who haven’t been asked that before. For adults, it confirms their conviction that unanswerable questions must be laughably ignored ...
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Far Away

Far Away

Jun 15, 2018 The most distant object in the Universe? Astronomers announced that the Hubble Space Telescope and the twin, 10-meter Keck telescopes, detected an object 13.1 billion light-years from Earth, making it the most distant object ever detected. Virtually every astronomer bases his or her understanding of the Universe ...
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Hot or Cold?

Hot or Cold?

Jun 14, 2018 Where do comets come from? The Nebular Hypothesis proposes that the Solar System was born when a cloud of gases and dust shrank to the point where compression started a nuclear chain reaction, giving birth to the Sun, along with an accretion disc circling its equatorial plane ...
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Dark Sands

Dark Sands

Jun 13, 2018 Blackened dune fields can be found on Mars. Martian atmospheric density is less than 1% that of Earth. It is almost entirely composed of carbon dioxide, although nitrogen and argon make up about 3%, with trace elements less than .01%. The temperature varies from a maximum of ...
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Dark Mode

Dark Mode

Jun 12, 2018 Electric Universe theory does not depend on something undetectable. "Space is filled with a network of currents which transfer energy and momentum over large or very large distances. The currents often pinch to filamentary or surface currents. The latter are likely to give space, as also interstellar ...
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Electric Sprites

Electric Sprites

Jun 11, 2018 Thunderstorms act like particle accelerators, launching massive discharges downward to the ground and upward to space. Earth is an electrically charged object: it maintains an electric field at its surface between 50 and 200 volts per meter: for every meter above the ground the voltage increases. As ...
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Extended Mission

Extended Mission

Jun 8, 2018 Juno will circle Jupiter for another four years. Jupiter is the largest planet. It is so large that all of the other planets could fit comfortably inside its 1.77 X 10^15 cubic kilometer volume. Jupiter rotates in 9.925 hours, causing its diameter to be 9275 kilometers more ...
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Power Play

Power Play

Jun 7, 2018 Birkeland current filaments carry electric charge through space. When matter in the plasma state moves through clouds of dust and gas, they become ionized, creating electric fields and movement of electric charge. Electricity forms magnetic fields that tend to align and constrict the charge flow. Those fields ...
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What Science Says

What Science Says

Jun 6, 2018 It's common to hear people refer to "what science says." The usual assumption is that "what science says" is said indefeasibly. But the term 'science' has two conflicting senses: science as currently-accepted theory (CAT) and science as method. To conclude that method inevitably leads to CAT and, ...
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Down the Barrel of a Plasma Gun

Down the Barrel of a Plasma Gun

Jun 5, 2018 Battle of the Egyptian sky gods, Amon and Aten Perhaps the strangest tale in Egyptian history is the usurpation of the Solar God Amon by the Solar God Aten. Both were, according to conventional history, solar deities. This religious reform was ruthlessly carried out by the Pharaoh ...
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Cold Winds

Cold Winds

Jun 4, 2018 Gas giant planets exhibit extreme weather. The fastest winds ever recorded on Earth was a 372 kilometer per hour gust on Mount Washington, New Hampshire in 1934. Tornadoes and hurricanes can achieve higher average velocities for short periods, but the maximum 24 hour speed record of 205 ...
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A New Dawn

A New Dawn

Jun 1, 2018 Investigating the dwarf planet, Ceres. The Dawn spacecraft was launched on September 27, 2007. It began observing the asteroid Vesta on July 17, 2011 and then headed toward the dwarf planet, Ceres on September 5, 2012. Dawn entered orbit around Ceres at 7:39 AM EST on Friday, March 6, ...
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Saturn's Polar Vortex

Saturn’s Polar Vortex

May 30, 2018 Electricity influences Saturn's environment. The picture at the top of the page could be mistaken for recent images of Jupiter's Great Red Spot. However, the swirling vortex is actually located in the center of Saturn's vast, hexagonal north polar formation. Hexagons and other polygons can sometimes occur ...
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Spider Eggs

Spider Eggs

May 30, 2018 Regions inside this nebula are described as "cocoons" for new stars. The Tarantula Nebula's designation is 30 Doradus. It is an "emission nebula" in the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC). Readers may remember than a well-known supernova, 1987a, exploded near the nebula's edge. The nebula's average diameter exceeds 1000 light-years, ...
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Loki Patera

Loki Patera

May 29, 2018 What causes waves in Io's lava lakes? Jupiter’s electromagnetic field, recently measured by the Juno space probe, is twice as strong as consensus models predicted: 7.766 Gauss, compared to 0.66 Gauss at Earth's South Pole. As previously written, Jupiter’s toroidal magnetosphere is approximately 650 million kilometers wide, extending even ...
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Comet 134340 Pluto?

Comet 134340 Pluto?

May 28, 2018 Is Pluto a cometary body? According to a recent press release, Pluto might be composed of a "billion comets". As Dr. Christopher Glein of SwRI’s Space Science and Engineering Division wrote: “We’ve developed what we call ‘the giant comet’ cosmochemical model of Pluto formation. We found an ...
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Explosive Power

Explosive Power

May 25, 2018 Gamma-ray Bursters (GRB), and Fast Radio Bursters (FRB) are thought by astronomers to be the most powerful energy sources in the Universe. The problems associated with GRB observations are partially addressed in previous Pictures of the Day. GRBs are characterized by intense electromagnetic emissions, particularly rapid gamma-ray ...
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An Electrifying Assembly

An Electrifying Assembly

May 24, 2018 Jupiter's moons exhibit electrical activity. On October 18, 1989 NASA launched the Galileo Jupiter orbiter (the pre-cursor to the current Juno mission) onboard the Space Shuttle Atlantis, as part of the STS-34 mission. After gravitational assistance from flybys of Venus and Earth, Galileo arrived at Jupiter on ...
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The Paradigm Shoppe

The Paradigm Shoppe

May 23, 2018 Electric Universe theory illustrates what has been called the "incommensurability" of paradigms, a scholarly term for what is actually a rather mundane occurrence: the difficulties-and benefits-of communication when words have more than one meaning. The difficulties arise from the listener's assumption that the speaker means what the ...
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Spot Free

Spot Free

May 22, 2018 Sunspot activity is unusually low. Three things cannot be long hidden: the sun, the moon, and the truth. --- Buddha The Sun fluctuates in output strength and visible sunspots across its surface in a cycle that lasts about 22 years. During the past 11 or 12 years, ...
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Cosmic Blink

Cosmic Blink

May 21, 2018 Objects spinning faster than a dentist's drill? According to a recent press release, another "millisecond pulsar" was discovered by a team from NASA's Goddard Spaceflight Center. Pulsars are often referred to as “lighthouses in space”, with beams of radiation focused at specific points. Since conventional astrophysicists are ...
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Far and Away

Far and Away

May 18, 2018 The most distant encounter with a Solar System object will take place on New Year's Day 2019. "To infinity and beyond!" --- Buzz Lightyear NASA launched the New Horizons spacecraft on January 19, 2006 on a mission to explore the outer Solar System, including Pluto, Charon and many Kuiper Belt ...
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Anode Glow

Anode Glow

May 17, 2018 Stars are electrodes. The red giant star, Betelgeuse is among the largest stars. As the image above illustrates, if it occupied the Sun's position, it would exceed Jupiter's mean orbital diameter. Although it is large, its substance is so diffuse that the orbits of the inner planets ...
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