tpods of 2018 archive

← 2017 tpods

X-Ray Milky Way

X-Ray Milky Way

Dec 7, 2018 X-rays from galactic cores are accelerated by electric fields. Rather than accepting electric fields as a source, astronomers prefer to think of “strong winds blowing” out of the galaxy's core. Often called “Ultra-Luminous X-ray sources” (ULX), they are points across the sky more powerful than a million ...
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Not Enough Time

Not Enough Time

Dec 6, 2018 How long it takes things to form in space is a complete mystery. Black holes continue to elude detection by the most powerful telescopes and radiation sensors, but the consensus community insists that they exist, because they say that they can be inferred by their effect on ...
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Electric Moons

Electric Moons

Dec 5, 2018 The moons of Mars are scarred worlds. The two moons of Mars are called Phobos and Deimos, meaning "fear and "panic". Phobos is extensively studied by Earth-based telescopes and by satellites in Mars orbit. Deimos, however, is so small that major observations are impossible from Earth. Stickney ...
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Plasmoid Stars

Plasmoid Stars

Dec 4, 2018 Do stars follow the laws of gravity? Stars do not follow the course that conventional understanding demands. They are not born in clouds of gas far less dense than a puff of smoke. They are not balls of hot gas, they are composed of various elements in ...
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Dancing in the Dark

Dancing in the Dark

Dec 3, 2018 Most stars revolve in pairs. The stars in the Milky Way travel with one or more companions, so something influences the formation of multiple star systems. Stars are so remote from one another that it is unlikely that binary stars are due to gravitational attraction. On March ...
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Strange Brew

Strange Brew

Nov 30, 2018 Why don't globular clusters fly apart? Globular clusters are an example of how plasma is organized and confined into formations that are difficult to explain. Astronomers believe that globular clusters begin as groups of stars from a single birthing event. According to standard theory, gas and dust ...
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Pulvis Et Umbra Sumus

Pulvis Et Umbra Sumus

Nov 29, 2018 Stardust factories. "Write your injuries in dust, your benefits in marble." --- Benjamin Franklin Clouds of dust in space are said to form because stars condense out of dusty protoplanetary nebulae. Nebulae are said to be “star forming” when points of X-ray radiation are observed by space ...
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Twists and Turns

Twists and Turns

Nov 28, 2018 Most celestial objects exhibit some kind of filamentation. "Keep your eyes on the stars, and your feet on the ground." --- Theodore Roosevelt Every science journal describes the formation of nebulae in terms of “blowing winds” created by shock waves from exploding stars. Nebulae are thought to ...
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The Strokes of Night

The Strokes of Night

Nov 27, 2018 Lightning phenomena are scaleable. Transverse electric currents accompany a main discharge channel. That channel is often seen by most people as a terrestrial lightning bolt. Slow-motion videos show that multiple leader strokes descend from the clouds, while less visible potential contacts rise from the ground. Once two ...
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On Its Way

On Its Way

Nov 26, 2018 A new Mercury mission. The European Space Agency (ESA) launched the BepiColombo satellites to Mercury from French Guyana on October 20, 2018. The mission is named for Giuseppe Colombo (1920-1984), an astronomer who was the first to realize that Mercury rotates three times for every two orbits ...
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Tail Lights

Tail Lights

Nov 23, 2018 Energetic tails are common features in the Universe. Celestial objects such as Centaurus A; hot-bright stars, planets, and comets, exhibit collimated jets or trailing emissions that are difficult to explain. Every new observation requires a new theoretical revision, or an admission of complete bafflement. A group of ...
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Target in Sight

Target in Sight

Nov 21, 2018 Osiris-Rex approaches Asteroid Bennu. On September 8, 2016 NASA launched Osiris-Rex on a mission to study the asteroid, 101955 Bennu. The mission objectives include collecting a sample from Bennu and returning it to Earth. Bennu is one of more than 7000 Near Earth Objects (NEO), and, like ...
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Morning Star

Morning Star

Nov 20, 2018 Venus is an electrically active world. The European Space Agency's (ESA) Venus Express was launched from Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan on November 9, 2005. The spacecraft entered orbit around Venus on April 11, 2006. One its “surprising” discoveries was electric discharges in the planet’s upper atmosphere. The ...
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Luminous Essence

Luminous Essence

Nov 19, 2018 Electric filaments energize galaxies. "A colour is a physical object as soon as we consider its dependence, for instance, upon its luminous source, upon other colours, upon temperatures, upon spaces, and so forth." --- Ernst Mach A recent press release talks about cosmic filaments connecting vast galactic ...
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Cooling Off

Cooling Off

Nov 15, 2018 Jupiter's Red Spot is shrinking. For over 300 years, the Great Red Spot has persisted in Jupiter’s atmosphere—longer than telescopes have existed to see it. It is commonly believed to be a cyclonic storm driven by thermal convection from deep inside Jupiter's atmosphere. How it was formed ...
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Concentrated Power

Concentrated Power

Nov 14, 2018 Lightning is not well understood. Prevailing ideas see circulating water vapor moving up and down through clouds in a process of convection. The condensation theory presupposes that water is heated by the Sun until it evaporates, rising into the air where it collects into clouds, finally cooling ...
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A Cold Exterior

A Cold Exterior

Nov 12, 2018 One of the most important questions about other planets is whether water is present in any significant amount. Water sustains Earth's ecology, so there is a presumption among planetary scientists that water is necessary for life to exist on other planets. There are rovers on Mars, along ...
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Large and Small

Large and Small

Nov 12, 2018 Plasma's behavior is independent of scale. Intense lightning in thunderstorms can interact with charged particles (cosmic rays) coming from space. Given the right conditions, lightning causes giant particle accelerators to form above the clouds. Cosmic rays are sub-atomic particles, mostly protons, that can knock electrons off molecules ...
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After the Dust Settles

After the Dust Settles

Nov 9, 2018 The Universe is composed of condensed plasma. We have first raised a dust and then complain we cannot see. --- George Berkeley In 1755 Immanuel Kant suggested that the Solar System evolved from a cloud of dust and gas floating in space. The cloud condensed because gravitational ...
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Plasma Braids

Plasma Braids

Nov 8, 2018 Filaments are common in the Milky Way The Herschel Space Observatory was launched on May 14, 2009 into an orbit around LaGrange point L2 (behind Earth in relation to the Sun). Herschel's supercooled infrared detectors were built to last only three years, so its cooling systems has long since failed ...
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Fields and Forces

Fields and Forces

Nov 5, 2018 Jupiter's environment Is electrically active. The Juno spacecraft entered orbit around Jupiter in July 2016 and began collecting data on its atmosphere, as well as its electromagnetic and gravitational fields. Jupiter's toroidal electromagnetic field is so large that it extends outward beyond Saturn’s orbit. Charged particles from ...
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Freezing Desert

Freezing Desert

Nov 5, 2018 Mars is devoid of any detectable life. Martian areography bears witness to violent events at some time in the past. Images from the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO) reveal scenes of devastation: the North polar terrain, for instance, is six kilometers below the planet’s mean elevation. Burned craters ...
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It's Curtains for Dawn

It’s Curtains for Dawn

Nov 2, 2018 A scientific achievement comes to an end. NASA launched the Dawn spacecraft on September 27, 2007. After orbiting the asteroid, Vesta until September 5, 2012 Dawn headed toward Ceres, the largest known asteroid in the Solar System, entering a high orbit on March 6, 2015. The mission officially ended ...
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Take the Plunge

Take the Plunge

Nov 1, 2018 Electrical perspectives. Astronomers recently discovered a galactic filament extending outward from galaxy CGCG254-021 on a scale never before observed: "This ribbon, or X-ray tail, is likely due to gas stripped from the galaxy as it moves through a vast cloud of hot intergalactic gas." It might be ...
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Blue-White

Blue-White

Oct 31, 2018 Most astrophysical models about stars rely on mechanical action. The collapse of cold gas under gravitational influence is thought to be the force that shapes stars. Common viewpoints see stars as collapsed whirlpools of gas and dust heated to fusion temperatures by pressure, alone. Gravity, it is ...
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