TPOD Archive 2020

← 2019 TPODs

Sun Wind

Sun Wind

Gigantic solar flares can create plasmoids. Earth to scale. February 27, 2020 The solar wind is an electrical phenomenon. Plasma discharges are a better model for solar activity than the gravity community likes to accept. Experiments using a positively charged sphere show that a plasma torus forms above the sphere’s ...
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Really?

Really?

"The Reflection of Reality in a Mirror is Backwards". Fractal by Stephen Smith. February 26, 2020 What's "reality"? For science, for the past century or more, it's "what's out there", "the given". And we get to know it by looking at it. (I say "looking" to mean all sensation.) To ...
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Twists and Turns

Twists and Turns

The Cygnus Loop Nebula, a.k.a. the Veil Nebula, in ultraviolet light. Credit: NASA's Galaxy Evolution Explorer. February 25, 2020 Most celestial objects exhibit some kind of filamentation. "Keep your eyes on the stars, and your feet on the ground."--- Theodore Roosevelt Every science journal describes the formation of nebulae in ...
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Flame Out!

Flame Out!

Artist's impression of J0331-27 with "super flare". Credit: ESA. February 24, 2020 What causes stars to expel large quantities of matter? "The lonely sunsets flare forlornDown valleys dreadly desolate;The lonely mountains soar in scornAs still as death, as stern as fate."--- Robert W. Service XMM-Newton was launched on December 10, ...
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Hold On to Your Hat!

Hold On to Your Hat!

The Sombrero galaxy halo contains more metal-rich stars than expected. Credits: NASA/Digitized Sky Survey/P. Goudfrooij (STScI)/The Hubble Heritage Team (STScI/AURA). February 21, 2020 The Sombrero galaxy is larger than expected. A significant contribution to plasma cosmology came from Dr. Anthony L. Peratt, a plasma physicist and protégé of the Nobel ...
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Tail Lights

Tail Lights

The core of Hickson's Compact Group 98. The tadpole structure covers the central galaxy pair. Credit: the Stripe 82 project of the Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias / N. Brosch / Tel Aviv University. February 20, 2020 Energetic tails are common features in the Universe. Celestial objects such as Centaurus ...
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Grand Illusion

Grand Illusion

Grand spiral galaxy M83 (NGC 5236) Credit: Subaru Telescope (NAOJ), Hubble Space Telescope, European Southern Observatory, Robert Gendler. Click to enlarge. February 19, 2020 Spiral galaxies are everywhere in the Universe. They make up over 70% of all observed galaxies. Recently, astronomers studying galaxy M83 with the Hubble Space Telescope ...
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Luminous Essence

Luminous Essence

Artist impression of W2246-0526, the most luminous known galaxy, and three companion galaxies. Credit: NRAO/AUI/NSF, S. Dagnello. February 18, 2020 Electric filaments energize galaxies. "A colour is a physical object as soon as we consider its dependence, for instance, upon its luminous source, upon other colours, upon temperatures, upon spaces, ...
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Arrokoth

Arrokoth

KBO Arrokoth. Credit: NASA/Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory/Southwest Research Institute/Roman Tkachenko. February 17, 2020 Formed from a pebble cloud? NASA launched the New Horizons spacecraft on January 19, 2006. As Picture of the Day readers recall, New Horizons provided confirmation of Electric Universe principles when it flew by the ...
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Cosmic Molecules

Cosmic Molecules

Titan's rusty color is due to organic molecules. Credit: NASA/ESA. February 14, 2020 Where do organic compounds in space come from? Cosmic rays are charged particles that are detected in the Sun’s local neighborhood. About 90% of all cosmic rays are single protons, or hydrogen nuclei, followed by 5% helium, ...
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Concentrated Power

Concentrated Power

Lightning strikes the Burj Khalifa in Dubai. Credit: Reuters. Feb 13, 2020 Lightning is not well understood. Prevailing ideas see circulating water vapor moving up and down through clouds in a process of convection. The condensation theory presupposes that water is heated by the Sun until it evaporates, rising into ...
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A New Solar Mission

A New Solar Mission

Artist's impression of ESA/NASA's Solar Orbiter spacecraft (Image Courtesy of ESA/ATG Medialab). February 12, 2020 A satellite to orbit the Sun. The Solar System is constantly bombarded by dust particles, but because the Sun's magnetic field is so strong, most of it is deflected around a bubble-shaped zone that extends ...
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Large and Small

Large and Small

Rho Ophiuchi nebula. Image credit: NASA, JPL-Caltech, WISE Team. February 11, 2020 Plasma's behavior is independent of scale. Intense lightning in thunderstorms can interact with charged particles (cosmic rays) coming from space. Given the right conditions, lightning causes giant particle accelerators to form above the clouds. Cosmic rays are sub-atomic ...
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"MOND the Gap!"

“MOND the Gap!”

"Ultra-diffuse" galaxy NGC1052-DF2. It is so diffuse that astronomers call it a “see-through” galaxy because they can clearly see distant galaxies behind it. It is said to be missing most, if not all, of its dark matter. Image from the Advanced Camera for Surveys on the Hubble Space Telescope. Credit: ...
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Plasma Nebulae

Plasma Nebulae

The Tarantula Nebula in two wavelengths of infrared light, each represented by a different color. The red color indicates hot gas emitting infrared light at a wavelength of 4.5 micrometers. The blue color is molecules called polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). Regions emitting both wavelengths appear white. Credit: CalTech/JPL/NASA. February 7, ...
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Clusters of Plasma

Clusters of Plasma

Chandra X-ray Observatory image of the Perseus cluster. Credit:NASA/CXC/IoA/A.Fabian et al. February 5, 2020 Galaxy cluster are like everything else in nature: electrical. Many Picture of the Day articles discuss black holes, because they are often used to “explain” anomalous phenomena in space. As most Electric Universe advocates would insist, ...
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After the Dust Settles

After the Dust Settles

Artist's conception of a dust belt around a bright star. Credit: NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope and the European Space Agency's Herschel Space Observatory. February 4, 2020 The Universe is composed of condensed plasma. We have first raised a dust and then complain we cannot see.--- George Berkeley In 1755 Immanuel ...
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Electricity in Space

Electricity in Space

An "unusual complex" of narrow blue filaments, bright blue knots, and Hα-emitting filaments and clouds, which morphologically resembled a complex of "fireballs," extending up to 80,000 parsecs from Galaxy RB 199 in the Coma Cluster. February 3, 2020 Gravity and other kinetic forces are inadequate when it comes to galactic ...
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Convection or Induction?

Convection or Induction?

Features as small as 30 kilometers in diameter are shown here. Credit: NSO/AURA/NSF. January 31, 2020 Scientists do not understand how the Sun works. For example, how does a coherent magnetic field exist when observations reveal chaos at small scales? Heliophysicists believe that there is a dynamo inside the Sun ...
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Freezing Desert

Freezing Desert

The Curiosity rover's path up Mt. Sharp. Credit: NASA/JPL-CalTech. January 30, 2020 Mars is devoid of any detectable life. Martian areography bears witness to violent events at some time in the past. Images from the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO) reveal scenes of devastation: the North polar terrain, for instance, is ...
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Extremis

Extremis

The Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) captured this image of Betelgeuse, revealing its lopsided shape and a huge bright spot. ALMA (ESO/NAOJ/NRAO)/E. O’Gorman/P. Kervella. January 29, 2020 Why is this red giant so puzzling? Betelgeuse is one of the 10 largest stars. If it occupied the Sun’s position, its outer ...
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Compression or Expansion?

Compression or Expansion?

Artist’s impression shows the blast from a heatwave detected in a massive, forming star. Credit: Katharina Immer/JIVE. January 27, 2020 Do stars accrete? The Nebular Hypothesis is the common star-forming theory. It is thought that stars condense out of primordial stuff, and that the remaining dust and gas that is ...
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Blue-White

Blue-White

The blue-white supergiant star, Rigel in the constellation Orion and the Witch Head nebula. Credit: Rogelio Bernal Andreo/NASA. January 23, 2020 Most astrophysical models about stars rely on mechanical action. The collapse of cold gas under gravitational influence is thought to be the force that shapes stars. Common viewpoints see ...
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Muddy Mars

Muddy Mars

Cracks in this 1.2 meter Martian rock are thought to be from drying mud more than 3 billion years ago. Credit: Mars Hand Lens Imager (MAHLI) camera on the arm of NASA's Curiosity Mars rover. January 22, 2020 NASA officials recently announced that there is water on Mars. Again. That ...
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Obscure Visualization

Obscure Visualization

This artist’s concept depicts a hypothetical form of dark energy called quintessence. Credit: Science Photo Library. January 20, 2020 Dark energy does not exist. In 1997, two astronomers were studying Type 1a supernovae, when they found that there was “something wrong” with their data. They were shocked to discover that ...
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