Blue-White

January 23, 2020 Most astrophysical models about stars rely on mechanical action. The collapse of cold gas under gravitational influence is thought to be the force that shapes stars. Common viewpoints see stars as collapsed whirlpools of gas and dust heated to fusion temperatures by pressure, alone. Gravity, it is…

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Muddy Mars

January 22, 2020 NASA officials recently announced that there is water on Mars. Again. That idea builds upon ideas that are embedded in the philosophy of Martian exploration: the search for life on other planets. As most theories state, for life to exist, liquid water must exist. Oceans, lakes and…

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Obscure Visualization

January 20, 2020 Dark energy does not exist. In 1997, two astronomers were studying Type 1a supernovae, when they found that there was “something wrong” with their data. They were shocked to discover that the recessional velocity (redshift) of the most distant Type 1a supernovae indicated that they were accelerating.…

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Stellar Mass

January 17, 2020 High-velocity particles in orbit around some stars seem to indicate relativistic effects. Part of what physicists are trying to understand is the observation of spectral lines from “hot iron atoms” that appear to orbit close-in to the surfaces of neutron stars. As interpreted by conventional theory, the…

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Moving Charges

January 16, 2020 Astronomers see magnetism but not electricity. Scientists working with dynamos (an abbreviation of the nineteenth century term, electric-dynamo) think they found clues to how stars and galaxies acquire their magnetism. Turbulence in plasmas forms small magnetic fields, but scientists struggle to understand how those small fields coalesce…

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Ionization

January 15, 2020 Charge separation drives galactic formation. As written many times in the past, galaxies travel within a circuit of electricity flowing through the cosmos. Electricity organizes itself within masses of plasma that can be larger than galaxy clusters. Since plasma is primarily composed of neutral atoms, but with…

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Electric Furrows

January 14, 2020 Images of Saturn’s moon, Dione reveal trenches and cliffs. The Cassini-Huygens mission was launched from Cape Canaveral on October 15, 1997. Few now remember the public outcry against the mission. There were several attempts by citizens groups and the ACLU to stop the launch, because 33 kilograms…

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Stellar Vibrations

January 13, 2020 When asking, “what are stars?”, the question might seem self-evident, since they are almost always described as intensely bright, burning balls of hydrogen gas. Any particular star’s size, therefore its gravitational attraction, is what conventional astronomers say holds the planets in their orbits. Stellar fusion fire is…

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