Frost and Fire

A panoramic view of the Carina Nebula near Wolf–Rayet star WR 22 (right) combined with a view of Eta Carinae in the heart of the nebula (left). Credit: ESO. Click to enlarge.

September 17, 2020

X-rays from cold nebulae?

“Nothing burns like the cold.”
― George R.R. Martin

Conventional theories rely upon gravity and acceleration to create gamma rays, X-rays and extreme ultraviolet in space. Compressing gas and dust is supposed to make temperatures greater than the cores of some stars.

As a recent Picture of the Day pointed-out, streams of charged material are seen pouring out of the Crab Nebula, emitting X-rays as they go. It was long thought that nebular clouds or the expanding gases of supernova explosions could not be sources of those frequencies, since they were supposed to be areas where gases were losing kinetic energy and cooling off. However, several “mysterious” observations have called into question the underlying principles of standard theory.

Astronomers also note that the two giant stars in the Carina nebula are blowing off “intense winds” of such velocity that the collision of the wave fronts is said to generate X-rays where the shells intersect. This is supposed to take place through kinetic shock, even though it is acknowledged that the “wind” is ionized particles. According to researchers, as electrons bounce back and forth in the magnetic fields they are accelerated until they collide with low-frequency photons and give them an energy boost, creating the X-ray emissions.

Many Picture of the Day articles note that structures in the Milky Way are active energy sources. Some of them eject charged matter out from their poles, or leave long braided tails extending for light-years, or have hourglass shapes composed of tightly bunched filaments.

A more detailed image of the Carina Nebula reveals the filamentary shapes that result from intense plasma discharges. The Eta Carinae binary system within the nebula appears to have a mass 150-times that of the Sun and is shining with four-million-times the brilliance, which indicates the high current density from a stellar z-pinch.

It is well known that one shouldn’t look directly at an electric arc without eye-protection, since the brilliant blue-white light is also a source of intense ultraviolet that can damage the retina. In the same way, the arc light from Eta Carinae is so bright that it is generating X-rays powerful enough to be detected on Earth, 7500 light-years away. Eta Carinae also erupted with a flash of visible light, brighter than the Moon, in the 1800s. It then faded from visibility until 1941 when it slowly began to brighten to a naked-eye object, and it remains so today.

The variability of the binary stars’ behavior can be attributed to changes in the circuit caused by the motions of the two giant stars at the heart of the system. The Carina Nebula, rather than being an example of “billiard ball physics”, is a remarkable confirmation of the Electric Universe theory.

Stephen Smith

The Thunderbolts Picture of the Day is generously supported by the Mainwaring Archive Foundation.

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