“MOND the Gap!”

“Ultra-diffuse” galaxy NGC1052-DF2. It is so diffuse that astronomers call it a “see-through” galaxy because they can clearly see distant galaxies behind it. It is said to be missing most, if not all, of its dark matter. Image from the Advanced Camera for Surveys on the Hubble Space Telescope. Credit: NASA, ESA, and P. van Dokkum – Yale University.

February 10, 2020

Dark matter does not exist in an Electric Universe.

In 1998 an inexplicable “tug” was detected acting on the now defunct Ulysses spacecraft as it traveled through the Solar System. When radio signals from Earth re-transmitted from an onboard transponder, an  anomalous acceleration toward the Sun was detected. A Doppler shift in the frequency of the return transmission indicated a variance greater than could be accounted for by known mechanisms—as of today, no one in the conventional science community can provide a solid explanation for it.

NASA scientists also determined that both of the Pioneer spacecraft are off course by more than a hundred thousand kilometers. At this time, there is no explanation for the navigational deviation, so many speculations are offered about what “mysterious” forces could be acting on the most distant of artificial objects. They include: multidimensional bent space, dark energy, and “dark matter friction”. Other ironic theories such as, “differential antimatter gravity” are presented as “explanations” for the deceleration.

Telemetry from NEAR-Shoemaker (currently resting on the surface of Asteroid 433 Eros), the Galileo mission to Jupiter, the Cassini-Solstice Mission, the Rosetta cometary probe, and the MESSENGER mission to Mercury reveal similar discrepancies. Astronomers are baffled by this information because standard theories of motion in the cosmos rest within a gravitational model.

Modified Newtonian Dynamics (MOND), a theory developed in the early 1980s by Mordehai Milgrom, was also suggested as a possible explanation for the various anomalies, although Milgrom felt that MOND is far too diffuse a force to affect such small objects. Perhaps the suggestion is no more inexact than those previously mentioned.

However, MOND theory states that gravity varies depending on acceleration. Since the velocity measurements of stars at the edges of some galaxies are greater than they should be, Milgrom proposed that gravity can alternate between two states: one where its influence falls off with the square of the distance—Newtonian gravity, and one where its force is linear, declining with the distance.

According to a recent press release, MOND is used to explain galaxy formation in the absence of dark matter. Since stars on the outskirts of galactic disks revolve at greater-than-apparently-possible velocities, most astronomers think that they “must be” experiencing the effects of an unseen and undetectable mass. In short, a volume of dark matter five times the volume of normal matter is supposed to exist in and around many, if not all, galaxies. It is that invisible matter that is said to be exerting itself so strongly.

Both phenomena, the deceleration of space probes in the Solar System, as well as the unexpected stellar velocities in galaxies, can be explained by one thing: electricity flowing through dusty plasma.

As a spacecraft travels through the interplanetary medium it builds up a negative charge differential with respect to the positive charge of the Sun. The Sun’s weak, radial electric field, extending outward for almost a light-day without diminishing, and generated by the movement of charged particles known as the “solar wind,” draws the negatively charged object back toward itself.

On the other hand, since electric forces can scale by many orders of magnitude, the weak, radial electric field of the Milky Way galaxy, for example, is most likely doing the same thing to the stars at its outer boundary as the Sun is doing to the charged objects within its sphere of influence.

The Sun is not keeping its family of planets in lockstep by gravity alone, its electric field is also acting in an additional, if not principal manner. It is the electric field of a galaxy that keeps the stars in orbit around its nucleus, in addition to its far less powerful gravitational field. If electric fields and electrical transmission through space are given their due, all the ad hoc Big Bang theories would vanish.

Stephen Smith

The Thunderbolts Picture of the Day is generously supported by the Mainwaring Archive Foundation.

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