Ebb and Flow

Artist’s impression of the three Swarm satellites. Credit: ESA/AOES Medialab.

Feb 11, 2019

Earth is affected by solar emissions.

Electrical connection between charged bodies in space is a basic tenet of Electric Universe theory. The ionosphere is connected to the Sun by streamers of electric charge. Earth is connected to circuits in the Sun that drive electric forces between the ground and the ionosphere, reaching as much as 400,000 volts.

Earth’s magnetotail (or plasma tail) extends outward for millions of kilometers. Solar electricity, carried by charged particles in the solar wind, is captured by Earth’s magnetosphere. Electromagnetic disturbances and vertical electric currents flowing down to Earth from the solar wind were named, “Birkeland currents” by Alex Dessler in 1967 after the pioneering scientist, Kristian Birkeland.

The TRIAD satellite mission, one of the earliest attempts to study the ionosphere, detected what are now known as the “Van Allen belts”, circling Earth’s equatorial region. The inner belt is composed of 10 million-electron-volt protons and is located between 700 kilometers and 12,000 kilometers high. The outer belt is primarily electrons, with energies greater than one million electron volts, located in a region that extends from 25,000 kilometers in space, out to 40,000 kilometers.

Although Birkeland’s research took place in the early part of the 20th century, astrophysicists acknowledge electromagnetism in their published papers, but persist in seeing “magnetic collisions” in plasma, without the fundamental electric charge flow. They discuss “magnetic energy” that can change form and initiate powerful phenomena, based on the theory of magnetic reconnection. There are many problems associated with magnetic reconnection that this paper does not address. How so-called, “magnetic energy” is released, or what starts the “merging” process are controversial subjects.

In an Electric Universe, charge separation (electricity) around Earth exists for a variety of reasons. The “tidal wind charge effect” is connected to the Sun by the aforementioned Birkeland current filaments, while Earth’s rotation creates a 140,000 ampere current through transformer action in the dynamo region. Transformer action and electromagnetic induction create bands of opposite charge that move east and west around the planet, following the geomagnetic equator.

As written many times in the past, there is no such thing as “magnetic merging” or “reconnection” of magnetic field lines in the real world. The energy is electrical and comes from electric fields which, unlike nonexistent magnetic field lines, can merge and detonate.

Different areas in Earth’s fields generate greater or lesser fluctuating electromagnetism—exactly how is not known. Satellites, such as the Swarm constellation, analyze differences in the time signatures between each other, as well as electromagnetic flux density surrounding Earth, in order to determine what factors influence its changing fields.

Since the ionosphere is connected to the Sun by twisting filaments of electric current, the lower levels of the atmosphere must also experience the Sun’s influence because of the additional circuit node that connects them with the ionosphere. Could these electric circuits linking the atmosphere with the Sun have anything to do with Earth’s climate in either the short or long term?

Stephen Smith

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