Aug 14, 2018
Neutron stars do not exist.
“The neutron star is simply yet another fantasy….A proton-free nucleus or ‘charge free’ atom made up of only neutrons has never been synthesized in any laboratory nor can it ever be…Lone neutrons decay into proton – electron pairs in less than 14 minutes; atom-like collections of two or more neutrons will fly apart almost instantaneously.”
— Dr. Donald Scott, retired Professor of Electrical Engineering.
In 1968 astronomers Jocelyn Bell and Anthony Hewish announced the discovery of the first pulsar. Bell originally used the Mullard Radio Astronomy Observatory in Cambridge, England to study quasar sources. However, she soon noticed a series of regular signals in her recorders that appeared every 1.3 seconds that she could not attribute to interference, or any other Earthly origin. Since the pulsing broadcast was faint and regular, there was a temptation to attribute it to an alien civilization, so she and Hewish named it, “LGM-1”, short for “Little Green Men”. It was a tongue-in-cheek attribution, and the source was later renamed PSR B1919+21.
Conventional astrophysicists see pulsars as “lighthouses” in space, because they are thought to be spinning. They believe that pulsars result from neutron stars with magnetic fields greater than 10^15 Gauss. Since Earth’s magnetic field is about one-half Gauss, in their minds neutron stars must be incredibly dense in order to concentrate forces into narrow beams detectable from thousands of light-years away. Some readers may recall statements something like, “…a single teaspoon of neutron star material would weigh billions of tons”, or other such outlandish claims.
Astronomers think that some neutron stars have “hot spots” where so-called “magnetic reconnection events” take place. The “reconnection” in their strong magnetic fields means that the hot spots create X-rays, gamma-rays, radio waves and visible light signals that are seen when they “rotate” into the view of Earth-based or space telescopes. A stellar source like PSR B1919+21, rotating in 1.3 seconds, must be able to withstand unbelievable angular momentum, otherwise it would fly apart. That is the reason for neutron star theory.
Neutron stars are said to be the leftovers from supernova explosions. In the standard view of stellar evolution, large stars blow off their outer layers when they reach the end of their lives, leaving ultra-dense cores of heavier elements behind. The theory states that gravity forces all of the electrons in the remaining stellar cores to combine with protons in the atomic nuclei, forming the aforementioned ultra-dense matter.
According to a recent press release, a so-called “millisecond pulsar” was detected about 4500 light-years away. PSR J0952–0607 is said to be spinning at an astonishing 42,000 revolutions per minute. For comparison, the blades of a kitchen blender spin at 23,000 RPM. Again, the pulses are attributed to compacted matter and gravitational forces.
Previous Picture of the Day articles address the neutron star theory. Deficiencies in gravity-dominated cosmology created neutron stars, because gravity is granted endless powers. It must be stressed, though, that no neutron star has ever been observed, rather it is intense electromagnetic fields that are seen.
Electromagnetic fields are induced by electric currents, so there must be a flow of electric charge generating the intense fields in a pulsar. It is indisputable that feeder currents must be part of a circuit, since persistent electric charge must travel through a completed electric circuit. Dense matter and extreme rotation are unnecessary, because electricity traveling through circuits provides an explanation consistent with electromagnetic theory.
Pulsar oscillations are caused by resonant effects in those electric circuits. It is the sudden release of stored electrical energy in a “double layer” that is responsible for their energetic emissions. The outbursts begin with a sudden peak of energy, and then gradually decline, like a stroke of lightning. Depending on how much electricity is flowing through the circuit, a star’s electromagnetic field will be greater where there is more current. It seems more likely that pulsars are immense concentrations of electricity focused by some kind of dense plasma focus effect.