Essential Guide to the EU – Chapter 7
Birkeland Currents, Magnetic Ropes and Current-Carrying Double Layers

7.1 Birkeland Currents There is another cause of filamentation of currents in plasma. This is due to the fact that there is a force of attraction between any two parallel currents. By “parallel currents” we mean that the direction of flow or motion of like charges (say, the electrons, or…

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