September 15, 2020
Dark matter theory is problematic, yet astrophysicists continue using it to explain distance, age, and structure in the Universe.
“Gravitational systems are the ashes of prior electrical systems.”
— Hannes Olof Gösta Alfvén
Astronomers maintain their commonly held beliefs about the origin of the Universe, as well as how it behaves, despite the new ideas engendered by electrical theories. The vast majority (of conventional theories) depend on gravity-based phenomena, while ignoring plasmas in space and their associated electric fields.
Dark matter is a case in point. Dark matter possesses no electromagnetic signature, so it cannot be examined with any instrument at any bandwidth. Its continued existence depends on putative gravitational effects on ordinary, or luminous, matter. Galaxies are said to require dark matter so that they do not fly apart, since studies several years ago seemed to show that galaxies would “unwind” without the gravity associated with it.
Conventional theories miss the mark by assuming that galaxies are born out of gravity, alone. Gravity is an extremely weak force when compared to electromagnetism. Indeed, the electric force is 39 orders of magnitude more powerful than gravity. Galaxies exhibit electrical activity, since each star is the locus of electric charge flow. Such flows of electricity are known as Birkeland currents, named after Kristian Birkeland.
Electricity in space exists in three forms: dark mode, glow mode and arc mode. The best known is probably arc mode, since that is the condition in which it is most easily seen. Nebulae are examples of glow mode conditions, while stars are thought to exhibit arc mode plasma discharges. However, dark mode discharges, as their name implies, are not readily visible, but they are just as capable of electromagnetic interactions as the other modes.
Electricity powers galaxies as it moves out of their polar axes and then back through their discs. This means that a circuit exists that receives its energy from Birkeland currents that connect each galaxy with the rest of the Universe. Presumably, billion-light-year long strands of magnetically confined electric filaments are transmitting power from one end of the cosmos to the other.
Forces exerted by electrified plasma contained in those twisting filaments dominate the Universe. They circulate in a cosmic circuit with long-range attraction between them. A more plausible theory is that those filaments of electrified plasma, with billions-of-trillion-times more intense fields of influence than gravity, are what hold galaxies together. In an Electric Universe, it is dark mode electric charge, and not dark matter that maintains their stability.
The Thunderbolts Picture of the Day is generously supported by the Mainwaring Archive Foundation.