Space Charge

An ultraviolet image of a giant solar flare on 2017-09-10 as seen by SDO, the Solar Dynamics Observatory. These high spatial resolution images confirm that they are the primary locations for accelerating and channeling fast-moving electrons. Credit: NSF, NASA, and Chen et al. 2020.

July 8, 2020

The Sun resides within an electric shield.

As written several times in the past, in an Electric Universe, the Sun lives within a positive space charge sheath with respect to the interstellar medium (ISM): it isolates itself in a cocoon of plasma. The Sun is an anode connected to galactic power circuits. Those circuits are of unknown potential, but they probably include energy sources encompassing thousands of cubic light-years. The electrodynamic forces moving through galactic “transmission lines” (Birkeland currents) is also unknown, but astronomers constantly report their amazement at solar flare output.

The Sun’s heliospheric boundary is a double layer “cocoon”, as mentioned, isolating it from galactic plasmas flowing through the ISM. Voltage differences occur within the heliosphere, so the Sun, because it is an electrical terminal, experiences charge/discharge phenomena related to variable electrical input. Sunspots and flares most likely develop from changes in solar electrical supply.

An electrically active Sun means that electric discharges penetrate the solar photosphere, allowing electric charge to flow into its depths. Electromagnetic flux tubes expose the Sun’s darker, cooler interior. Those flux tubes connect the Sun’s electromagnetic field directly to Earth’s ionosphere. How does that connection manifest in Earth’s environment?

This connection between the Sun and Earth was discussed in a previous Picture of the Day, but it bears repeating. Solar flares can increase Earth’s auroral displays because they are composed of charged particles. They follow Earth’s polar cusps, since they are electrical in nature. On September 7, 2005 an X17 solar flare impacted Earth’s magnetosphere, knocking out radio transmissions and overloading power station transformers. Is it a coincidence that hurricanes Katrina (August 29, 2005) and Rita (September 23, 2005) occurred on either side of the fourth largest X-flare ever recorded?

Further evidence for solar electrical influence is that, 12 years later, hurricanes Harvey (August 25, 2017) and Irma (with wind speeds of 290 kilometers per hour on September 10, 2017) were spawned before and after an X9.3 flare on September 8 (the eighth largest solar flare ever recorded) and then an X8.2 flare on the same day. At similar periods in the solar cycle, within days of each other, violent electromagnetic changes in the Sun initiated violent weather events on Earth.

The Sun is an electric star. When electricity builds up beyond a trigger point within the Sun’s inductive fields, solar plasma discharges at near relativistic velocities—solar flares could be like tremendous lightning bursts on the Sun. Electric Universe advocate, Wal Thornhill wrote:

“It is obvious from looking at powerful mass expulsion activity in active stars and galaxies that gravitational models are inadequate to explain what is going on. Gravity is an attractive force only. Recourse to magnetic field behavior magically divorced from electric currents serves merely to reinforce the mystical quality of modern physics without telling us anything about the true cause.”

Stephen Smith

The Thunderbolts Picture of the Day is generously supported by the Mainwaring Archive Foundation.

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