A Tail to Tell

A multi-light year long tail streams out from galaxy D100 in the Coma Cluster. Credit: ESA/Hubble & NASA, Cramer et al.

Sep 9, 2019

Stellar fusion theory drives physicists on their 60 year journey toward recreating that phenomenon on Earth.

Billions of dollars are spent building arcane devices; trying to replicate the process they believe is taking place in stellar cores. The inherent difficulty with the attempt is the instabilities that occur in plasma.

Plasma under pressure and high temperature threatens to destabilize every microsecond. Some plasma toroid machines squeeze a beam of ions into a tightly confined, pencil-thin stream, so that it will sustain the temperatures necessary for atomic fusion. The problem that arises over and over again is akin to squeezing a bicycle inner tube filled with air down into a smaller diameter. Since the pressure cannot be evenly applied to the entire inner tube all at once, little bubbles will keep popping out of the tube’s sidewall. The same thing happens in plasma-beam confinement. The plasma keeps “popping out” of its magnetic “bottle” and contacting the chamber walls, whereupon the fusion reaction stops instantly.

If astrophysicists and astronomers would sit down together with electrical engineers and plasma physicists, they would understand that electric z-pinch effects, because of Birkeland currents, are responsible for what they observe in and around stars. One of the hallmarks of plasma foci is that they glow in high-energy X-rays, gamma rays or ultra-violet, depending on how much current is available. They tend to form regions of extremely high density where the ions are actually forced together into “plasmoids”: doughnut-shaped bubbles.

Plasma instabilities can also initiate long jets or tails like those streaming out from galactic cores. Galaxy D100’s tail is an extreme example. Despite the assertion from consensus observers that “ram-pressure stripping” causes the long tail, in an Electric Universe it is the electromagnetic fields in galaxies that cause them.

As previously written, stars are nodes in electric circuits. Their electromagnetic energy could be stored in the equatorial current sheets surrounding them until some trigger event causes them to switch into a polar discharge. The electric jet could receive its energy from a natural particle-accelerator, a plasma double layer with a strong electric field. Toroidal magnetic fields would form because of the polar plasma discharge, confining it into a narrow channel. The same would hold true for a galaxy.

Electric Universe advocate Wal Thornhill wrote:

“Plasma cosmology has one great advantage in that the phenomena are scaleable from galaxies down to stars, planets and the lab. So it is possible to bring cosmology back down to earth and do away with invisible dark matter, neutron stars, black holes and the Big Bang. They are unnecessary when the electric force is a thousand trillion trillion trillion times stronger than gravity!”

Stephen Smith

The Thunderbolts Picture of the Day is generously supported by the Mainwaring Archive Foundation.

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