Cycle 25

The Sun in visible light on the left and calcium K (near ultraviolet) on the right, from July 17, 2016 when it was in a more active state. © Alan Friedman.

Sep 5, 2018

The new solar cycle is off to a slow start.

Sunspots are not well understood by the mainstream (nor by Electric Universe advocates). However, it is known that magnetism is involved with sunspot activity, because gigantic loops and whorls of plasma can often be seen connecting two or more of them. Why or how magnetism is at work on the Sun remains unclear in consensus opinions. Filaments and “fibrils” can be detected with high resolution photographic equipment in the penumbra, or darkened cores of sunspots.

Sunspot penumbrae are another mystery to the mainstream: the standard solar model does not predict such structures. The electric model does predict them, and they correspond to an electrical description. Electric discharges often appear as long twisting filaments, or funnels of glowing plasma whose centers are darker—convection cells would have darker edges.

This is one example where understanding the difference between hot gas (which does not contain charged particles) and plasma (which does contain charged particles and can be electrically active) could provide some illumination: sunspots are not the result of gas convection modified by magnetism, sunspots are electrical structures.

In the electrical model the sunspot cycle is most likely a result of fluctuations in the electrical power supply from the local arm of the Milky Way galaxy. As the varying current density and magnetic fields of huge Birkeland current filaments slowly rotate past our solar system, they apply more or less power to the electrical circuit that lights up our daytime sky. Rather than a weak Sun, the lack of sunspots here at the beginning of Solar Cycle 25 is most likely due to a weaker current flow through the galaxy.

Recent Picture of the Day articles address the issues that make understanding the Sun exceptionally difficult. There are serious dichotomies between the consensus viewpoint about solar activity and the Electric Universe viewpoint. In particular, the hypothesis popularized in Professor Don Scott’s book, The Electric Sky, is diametrically opposed to the thermonuclear hypothesis first described by Sir Arthur Eddington in 1926.

The Sun’s 11 year cycle of increased and decreased output is linked to the severity of weather events, such as hurricanes or droughts on Earth. Although solar energy varies over the course of a sunspot cycle, that variance amounts to less than one-tenth of one percent, far too little to account for the intensity seen in storm systems or the increased regions of drought.

Uneven thermal distribution is thought to cause increased atmospheric convection, resulting in greater tropical precipitation. Combined with convection, the extra solar energy heats the waters of the Pacific Ocean, where, it is said, more clouds form in an area where they are normally absent. The clouds then flow west along the more powerful convection currents (the trade winds), where they increase the effects of stratospheric heating.

As with most other theories, the climate model suggested by consensus investigators is based on kinetic energy: heat and the movement of the atmosphere. Nowhere in the scientific press is it acknowledged that electric currents and the strength of the ion flux from the Sun are the primary drivers of climate fluctuation.

Stephen Smith

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