Article 16 : Implications of the electrical explanation of mass and gravity – Part 1


by Bishop Nicholas Sykes

In Article 15 the electrical explanation of mass was touched on. This explanation constitutes a call upon us to begin to discard our old hazy notions of mass as an amount of material substance, in favour of understanding it as an electrically induced property of the particles that constitute the substance of the body concerned. In responding to this call we are, in fact after one hundred years or so, responding positively to Henri Poincaré’s great saying: “What we call mass would seem to be nothing but an appearance, and all inertia to be of electromagnetic origin.”

The mass in kilograms of the body (i.e. of the particles that constitute it) is a measure of the ease of electrically deforming those particles. By “deforming” a particle we mean exerting a force upon it giving it the properties of an electric dipole, in which the particle’s subtrons respond to the force by resolving into a resonance such that one side of a summation particle (i.e. one end) becomes an positive “pole” and the opposite side or end becomes a negative pole – these of course being positively or negatively charged with respect to the summation charge of the particle concerned. A proton with 1836 times the mass of an electron deforms 1836 times as much, so to speak, as an electron would under the same conditions.

Wal Thornhill proposes that the neutrino, as the most collapsed form of matter, has almost zero mass because while, like electrons, neutrinos are normal matter composed of subtrons, the dipoles capable of being formed by neutrinos are very small compared even to those formed by electrons. Although some independent scientists dispute the existence of neutrinos on grounds that they are only necessitated by Relativity Theory, they are particularly significant for Thornhill’s Electric Universe concept, because of their perceived role in the transmission of both gravity and electromagnetic radiation through space. We will explore that role in a further article.

The great nineteenth century experimenter Michael Faraday was convinced of the importance of the connection between gravity and electricity. Although Faraday’s experiments on this were not successful (and the issue has proved to be a tough nut to crack ever since), Faraday stated that he remained of the view that

“The long and constant persuasion that all forces of nature are mutually dependent, having one common origin, or rather being different manifestations of one fundamental power, has often made me think on the possibility of establishing, by experiment, a connection between gravity and electricity … no terms could exaggerate the value of the relation they would establish.” – quoted by Thornhill at the 2007 Cambridge conference of the Society for Interdisciplinary Studies (SIS) from M. Faraday’s Experimental researches in electricity, Vol 3.

Thornhill rightly commented “Faraday’s estimate of the importance of such a connection still stands. Today, there are a number of scholars pursuing this obvious line of inquiry. After all, the electrical and gravitational forces share fundamental characteristics – they both diminish with the inverse square of the distance; they are both proportional to the product of the interacting masses or charges; and both forces act along the line between them.”

During the mid 1970’s I made an investigation of this possible relationship using a modified Cavendish-Boyd apparatus. While I too did not specifically find what I was looking for, the results (which are no longer to hand) of the investigation seemed very clearly to show that the constant known to physicists as “big G” varied in a regular manner throughout the day. If this were confirmed it would agree with an assessment that has been expressed by a number of physicists that “big G” is the most uncertainly established “constant” in all of fundamental Physics.

“Big G” represents the relationship connecting the gravitational force exerted between two massive bodies at a particular distance between them and the quantity of the masses, as perceived in Newtonian Physics, such as, for example, the gravitational force exerted between the Earth and the Sun, or the gravitational force exerted between the Moon and the Earth. In Newtonian Physics, as well as in the solar system as has generally been described by scientists, it would be necessary for “big G” to be a constant. However, the Newtonian concept of gravitational force takes no account of a possibility of the mass of a body being in any way subject to variation by electrical forces.

Thornhill at the 2007 SIS conference in Cambridge noted that

“The electrical model may explain the anomalous gravity readings taken down mineshafts, where Newton’s constant, G, was measured to be 1.7 to 3.9% lower than in the laboratory. Rather than invent a ‘fifth force’ or ‘modified Newtonian dynamics’ (MOND) to complicate things, it seems we simply need to understand the electrical nature of matter and gravity.”

This and the other articles in this series have been published by Cayman Net News.


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Bishop Nicholas Sykes

Nicholas JG Sykes, B Sc, Dip Ed, MTS Taught in mainly public schools and a teachers college for over 20 years, in Jamaica, the Cayman Islands and the United Kingdom in science and mathematics, as well as religious education, becoming the chairman of the Association of Science Teachers of Jamaica in 1979. Ordained priest in 1976 and consecrated bishop in 2012, currently the Rector of St. Alban's Anglican Church, George Town, immediate past Secretary of the Cayman Ministers' Association, and member of the Cayman Islands Human Rights Commission. Authored the book “The Dependency Question - a study of Church and State in the Cayman Islands” and numerous articles. Happily married for over 40 years to wife Winnifred, with three adult children born in Jamaica, and several grandchildren.