A NEW PARADIGM OF SCIENTIFIC THOUGHT – THE ELECTRIC UNIVERSE (A VIEW FROM THE CAYMAN ISLANDS)
by Rev Nicholas Sykes
In this article I select some anomalies from a long list that Wallace Thornhill and David Talbott enumerate in their book The Electric Universe in Chapter 3 – Electric Stars. These are all solar features that cause problems for mainstream theory but are expected in an electrical model. I strongly recommend that those who wish to make further study of these matters purchase the book, which can be done through the website at the end of the article.
About their list, the authors note that it includes almost all of the prominent attributes of the Sun.
a. Neutrino Variability. The Sun’s emission of neutrinos varies inversely with the sunspot cycle – the more sunspots there are, the fewer the neutrinos being emitted. In a nuclear furnace model of the Sun, the energy of the internal nuclear fusion, where the neutrinos would originate and from there be immediately expelled, is supposed to take 200,000 years to reach the surface (and only then affect the sunspot count). But for the electrical model, the decline of neutrinos with increasing sunspot number is expected, because more and larger sunspots must mean less “lightning” at the surface, and therefore fewer nuclear reactions there.
b. Solar atmosphere. The 1.4 million kilometre diameter Sun possesses strong gravity and its photosphere has a temperature of 5,800 degrees. From this we could deduce an atmospheric “skin” of a few thousand kilometres thick. However, what is found is that the atmosphere is some 100,000 kilometres thick, and at that height it heats up to a million degrees or more. This is not the behaviour of a 5,800-degree body radiating its own heat into space. However, it is very much the expected behaviour of a plasma electric discharge, with the Sun acting as an anode.
c. Differential rotation by latitude. If, as the standard model assumes, the solar wind carries rotational energy away from the Sun, the Sun should rotate more slowly at its equator than at higher latitudes, and, indeed, should have stopped spinning long ago. Yet it is observed that the Sun rotates faster at the equator than at higher latitudes. As understood by the electric model, however, the rotation of the Sun is driven by external electric currents. These couple strongly to the lower latitudes and drive the Sun’s rotation in a similar way to Michael Faraday’s homopolar electric motor.
d. Differential rotation by depth. Observations indicate that the surface of the Sun rotates more rapidly than the lower layers. This is as much an indication that the rotation of the Sun is driven externally as is the differential rotation by latitude.
e. Sunspots. There is a 22 year magnetic sunspot cycle, that cannot be explained by the standard model of the Sun. This cycle includes the switching over of the Sun’s magnetic field every 11 years. Sunspots have a strong magnetic field and tend to draw together while yet maintaining individual integrity.
Kristian Birkeland in the early 1900s demonstrated sunspot-like phenomena in his Terrella experiments that involved electric discharges from a magnetised sphere. In the electric discharge a “doughnut” of circulating charge could be seen around the magnetised sphere.
If the Sun is viewed by receiving its radiation in the ultra-violet part of the spectrum it is also found to feature a hot plasma “doughnut” encircling its equator. Excellent views of this phenomenon were obtained by NASA’s spacecraft “SOHO”. In Birkeland’s laboratory torus experiment, discharges fly from the torus to the mid- to low-latitudes of the sphere. At the scale of the Sun, such discharges punch holes in the photosphere and deliver current directly to the lower depths, thus exposing a view of the cooler interior.
Here we have an explanation for sunspots. These are not formed by twisting magnetic fields popping up through the photosphere, but are found to be the footprints of powerful discharges from the encircling plasma “doughnut” to lower levels in the Sun’s atmosphere.
In the electric model of the Sun, as has been discussed earlier, there is a galactic power input to the Sun: the galactic power is direct current (DC) and the solar cycle is due to a varying DC power supply to the Sun. Thornhill and Talbott show the solar circuitry seeming to behave like a winding on a transformer, which responds to the varying DC input current by producing a magnetic field that switches polarity. If this is the case, the way the Sun works electrically adheres to simple electrical engineering principles.
Electric currents – from which the Sun and other stars receive their power – flow along the spiral arms of galaxies in the form of spiralling Birkeland filaments. As such filaments rotate past the solar system, the Sun will experience quasi-periodic power fluctuations; and this is the origin of the solar cycle.
With thanks for feedback from A.P. David and Rens VanderSluijs
This and the other articles in this series have been published by Cayman Net News