« Essential Guide to the EU – Chapter 5
Plasma Sheaths, Cells, and Current-Free Double Layers

Saturn Enceladus flux tube dgm


Saturn and its polar electrical connections to Enceladus. Measured cross section of current tube, above; Enceladus south pole jets where current is machining away the icy surface and depositing it into Enceladus ionosphere and plasma torus, similar to Io, above. NASA/Cassini Imaging team

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