legacy page  
     homeaboutessential guidepicture of the daythunderblogsnewsmultimediapredictionsproductsget involvedcontact

picture of the day

chronological archive               subject archive


The superwind galaxy NGC 4666. (Credit: ESO/J. Dietrich)

Adolescent Galaxy
Feb 23, 2011

NGC 4666 is one of the younger additions to the Virgo cluster of galaxies. It has also apparently given birth to another generation.

The galaxy lies eight degrees south of M49, the great-grandmother of the Virgo cluster. Whether NGC 4666 is the daughter of M49 or of one of her many children has yet to be determined. The galaxy is directly in the line of ejection of many objects that M49 has thrown off: M87 at one end and 3C273 at the other. These objects are connected by electrical circuits that can be traced from their x-ray and radio emissions. In turn, lines of ejection from M87 and 3C273 extend the family tree of M49 to the third generation, and pairs of quasars on the opposite ends of these grandchildren’s spin axes mark the births of great-grandchildren. (Read Halton Arp’s discussion of ejection in his book Seeing Red, available from Mikamar Publishing.)

NGC 4666’s youthful vigor is revealed in its flourishing star formation. The high-energy Birkeland currents driving the galaxy’s growth in turn pinch into stellar-scale instabilities, otherwise known as stars. The massive flows of plasma (conventionally called stellar “winds”) and their frequent eruptions in exploding double layers and expanding current loops (conventionally called “supernovae”) highlight the galactic-scale driving currents.

Recurrent ejections of the plasma-focus plasmoid at the galaxy’s core have likely produced the next-generation companion galaxies at lower left (NGC 4668) and upper right: the galaxies lie along the spin axis of NGC 4666, they are smaller, and they are more redshifted. There are likely a number of quasars along this line also, but they have yet to be identified.

The Birkeland currents driving the galaxy show up in x-ray. The x-ray plumes (jets) extending from the poles indicate the narrowest “waist” of the hourglass-shaped pinch in the intergalactic Birkeland currents. The electrical configuration will be similar to that of planetary nebulae. The polar plume currents and the induced equatorial ring current are, of course, traced in the magnetic field map of the galaxy.

Mel Acheson



"The Cosmic Thunderbolt"

YouTube video, first glimpses of Episode Two in the "Symbols of an Alien Sky" series.


And don't forget: "The Universe Electric"

Three ebooks in the Universe Electric series are now available. Consistently praised for easily understandable text and exquisite graphics.

  This free site search script provided by JavaScript Kit  
  FREE update -

Weekly digest of Picture of the Day, Thunderblog, Forum, Multimedia and more.
*** NEW DVD ***
  Symbols of an Alien Sky
Selections Playlist

An e-book series
for teachers, general readers and specialists alike.
(FREE viewing)
  Thunderbolts of the Gods

  Follow the stunning success of the Electric Universe in predicting the 'surprises' of the space age.  
  Our multimedia page explores many diverse topics, including a few not covered by the Thunderbolts Project.  

Authors David Talbott and Wallace Thornhill introduce the reader to an age of planetary instability and earthshaking electrical events in ancient times. If their hypothesis is correct, it could not fail to alter many paths of scientific investigation.
More info
Professor of engineering Donald Scott systematically unravels the myths of the "Big Bang" cosmology, and he does so without resorting to black holes, dark matter, dark energy, neutron stars, magnetic "reconnection", or any other fictions needed to prop up a failed theory.
More info
In language designed for scientists and non-scientists alike, authors Wallace Thornhill and David Talbott show that even the greatest surprises of the space age are predictable patterns in an electric universe.
More info

The opinions expressed in the Thunderbolts Picture Of the Day are those of the authors of
the material, and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Thunderbolts Project.
The linking to material off-site in no way endorses such material and the Thunderbolts
Project has no control of nor takes any responsibility for any content on linked sites.

EXECUTIVE EDITORS: David Talbott, Wallace Thornhill
CONTRIBUTING EDITORS: Mel Acheson, Michael Armstrong,
Dwardu Cardona, Ev Cochrane, C.J. Ransom,
Don Scott, Rens van der Sluijs,
Ian Tresman
WEBMASTER: Brian Talbott
© Copyright 2011:
top ]

home   •   picture of the day   •   thunderblogs   •   multimedia   •   resources   •   forum   •   updates   •   contact us   •   support us