ESO/J. Emerson/VISTA. Acknowledgment: Cambridge
Astronomical Survey Unit.
Barring the Sculptor Galaxy
The European Southern Observatory
released a new infrared image of
NGC 253, one of the brightest
galaxies in the Sculptor Group. That
assemblage, near the south pole of
the Milky Way, is the closest galaxy
group to the Local Group, of which
our galaxy is a member.
infrared image reveals several
features previously hidden behind
cells and lanes of dusty plasma. The
most prominent is a bar of stars
across the nucleus of the galaxy. In
addition the image shows many cool
red giant stars, especially in the
halo region around the galaxy.
Two features which are not shown are
important in an Electric Universe:
One is the plume of X-ray emission
that extends from the nucleus into
the halo region along the minor axis
(the spin axis) of the galaxy. The
other is the large concentration of
quasars that lie to the Southeast
(below, in the image above) along
the same bearing as the plume.
In a plasma Universe, galaxies are
the result of a “pinch” interaction
between two (or more) intergalactic
Birkeland-current filaments. Plasma
collects in each filament at the
point of closest approach as well as
in a “sump” between them. This sump
develops into the galaxy’s nucleus,
and a bar of plasma may connect it
to the “hot spots” in the filaments.
The filaments rotate around their
common axis—what becomes the
galaxy’s spin axis—at a constant
velocity. Secondary (“coronal”)
currents feeding into them then
spiral in at the same velocity to
form the galaxy’s arms. Pinches in
these secondary (and tertiary, etc.)
currents form stars. Gravity plays
an almost insignificant role.
In a starburst galaxy, such as NGC
253, a surge of current generates
many hot spots where star formation
is accelerated. As well, it “charges
up” the plasma focus mechanism(s) in
the core. The plasma focus then
episodically discharges X-ray
emitting jets and highly redshifted
quasar-like ejections of plasma,
usually along the spin axis. As a
result, active galaxies build up
families of quasars and other high
redshift objects in their outlying
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