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Putative stellar "bow shocks." Credit: NASA, ESA, and R. Sahai, JPL.



Stars in Collision Part 2
Nov 02, 2009

Astronomers have recently discovered a band of energetic neutral atoms around the sky. This discovery supports the hypothesis that the Sun captured a previously independent Saturnian system, in which Saturn was the brown-dwarf primary for the planets Earth, Mars, and Venus.

Part 1 described the first kind of electric star, the anodic star, formed at the focus of a z-pinch. The sheath around such a star would have the shape of an hourglass, as is seen in planetary nebulae. Recent observations of energetic neutral atoms indicate that the Sunís sheath also has such a shape.

What about the observations of comet-like stars? These are seen in the tangled high-energy ďshort-circuitĒ discharges of so-called star-forming regions. If a star that has a lower positive charge (with respect to the galactic plasma) enters the sheath of a second star that has a higher positive charge, the first star will lose its interaction with the galactic plasma and begin to interact with the plasma inside the second starís sheath. The first star will now have a negative charge with respect to the second. It will become a cathodic star and behave as do other negatively charged bodies in an anode sheath, such as comets. It will develop a coma and a tail. This is the second kind of electric star.

Furthermore, it will no longer be subjected to the strong electromagnetic forces of a z-pinch. Most of the voltage difference between a star and the galactic plasma is contained within the double layers of the sheath. Inside the second star's sheath, in what corresponds to the positive column of a discharge tube, the electric field is small. Gravity may become the dominant force. However, the weak electric field and the cometary discharge of the first star combine to aid capture and stabilization. The first star begins to orbit the second, becoming a binary companion or a gas giant planet.

Judging by the number of observed comet-like stars, such capture is not uncommon. Itís probably a safe assumption that a proportional number of stars in low-energy dark mode conditions are also captured. In other words, capture may be a frequent occurrence in an electric universe. This is to be contrasted with the case in a gravity universe, in which capture is virtually impossible:

First, stars are only tiny sparks in the immensity of space. For example, at a scale of one inch to one astronomical unit (the distance of the Earth from the Sun), the nearest star would be four miles away and the Sun would be the size of a dust mote, about a hundredth of an inch. The chance of intersecting orbits is insignificant.

Second, if the orbits did intersect, they would be apt to do so at significant angles to each other. Relative velocities would be large. Near-collision orbits would be hyperbolic, and the two stars would zip past each other with little interaction, never to return. If one actually scored a bullís-eye hit on the other, one or both bodies would be destroyed.

Third, if the orbits touched each other tangentially, relative velocities would be low, but gravity would act to perturb the orbits for less interaction, not for capture.

If electrical capture is common, it lends credibility to such Saturnist models of the recent history of the Solar system as that described by Dwardu Cardona in his book God Star and its two sequels. The body that became Saturn was a brown dwarf star moving alone in the galaxy with Venus, Mars, and Earth held in the axial jet above its poleóa low-energy counterpart of Herbig-Haro stars. It was drawn toward the Sun along the same galactic current.

When it entered the Sunís sheath, the electrical readjustment caused flaring and the disruption of the axial alignment of planets. Proto-Saturn lost its stellar radiance and its planets, and the bodies soon settled into quasi-stable orbits among the rest of the Sunís planets.

Mel Acheson




SPECIAL NOTE - **New Volumes Available:
We are pleased to announce a new e-book series THE UNIVERSE ELECTRIC. Available now, the first volume of this series, titled Big Bang, summarizes the failure of modern cosmology and offers a new electrical perspective on the cosmos. At over 200 pages, and designed for broadest public appeal, it combines spectacular full-color graphics with lean and readily understandable text.

**Then second and third volumes in the series are now available, respectively titled Sun and Comet, they offer the reader easy to understand explanations of how and why these bodies exist within an Electric Universe.

High school and college students--and teachers in numerous fields--will love these books. So will a large audience of general readers.

Visitors to the site have often wondered whether they could fully appreciate the Electric Universe without further formal education. The answer is given by these exquisitely designed books. Readers from virtually all backgrounds and education levels will find them easy to comprehend, from start to finish.

For the Thunderbolts Project, this series is a milestone. Please see for yourself by checking out the new Thunderbolts Project website, our leading edge in reaching new markets globally.

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Authors David Talbott and Wallace Thornhill introduce the reader to an age of planetary instability and earthshaking electrical events in ancient times. If their hypothesis is correct, it could not fail to alter many paths of scientific investigation.
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Professor of engineering Donald Scott systematically unravels the myths of the "Big Bang" cosmology, and he does so without resorting to black holes, dark matter, dark energy, neutron stars, magnetic "reconnection", or any other fictions needed to prop up a failed theory.
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In language designed for scientists and non-scientists alike, authors Wallace Thornhill and David Talbott show that even the greatest surprises of the space age are predictable patterns in an electric universe.
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EXECUTIVE EDITORS: David Talbott, Wallace Thornhill
CONTRIBUTING EDITORS: Mel Acheson, Michael Armstrong,
Dwardu Cardona, Ev Cochrane, C.J. Ransom,
Don Scott, Rens van der Sluijs,
Ian Tresman, Tom Wilson
WEBMASTER: Brian Talbott
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