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Shallow depressions carved into the Utopia Planitia region on Mars. Note they are crossed
by concentric cracks. Credit: NASA/JPL/University of Arizona.



A Pattern of Forces
Oct 29, 2009

Areas of Mars larger than Texas are wrenched and twisted, with deep canyons and sharp fissures, yet they are scoured clean of rocks and dust.

In previous Thunderbolts Picture of the Day articles about the geology of Mars, powerful electric arcs were theorized to have once impacted the surface, creating many of the features observed by orbiting cameras. Sinuous rilles, flat-floored craters, "railroad track" patterns in canyons, intersecting gullies with no debris inside them, giant mesas, and steep-sided ravines are all evidence for the activity of electricity on a massive scale.

The Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) carrying the Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) entered orbit around the Red Planet in 1997. Among its first discoveries were outcrops of layered rock extending for hundreds of kilometers through the Schiaparelli Basin. The same formations were seen running up the walls of Valles Marineris.

Imaging analysts from NASA’s Johnson Space Center announced the discovery of mounds on Mars that they have suggested might be the remains of hydrothermal vents. They have a similar appearance to some structures found in the Australian Outback, so researchers think they could have similar origins.

Both the layering of the rock strata and the shape of the mounds are seen by planetary scientists as having been caused by erosion in the same way that geography on Earth is eroded. Since Earth is seen today to be eroded by wind and water, they surmise that such processes occurred on Mars.

Modern science has retained the long-hoped-for desire that Mars could be the cradle of different life forms that arose and evolved in a separate ecology. As the overall theory states, the planet must have gone through a stage when there were oceans of liquid water on the surface. This implies that Mars once might have retained an atmosphere dense enough in oxygen for life to respire in the open.

However, there is disagreement in the scientific community about whether such volumes of water could ever have existed on Mars. In the March 5, 2007 edition of Scientific American, it was reported that most of what has been interpreted as water-based erosion on Mars could have come from “dry avalanches” of dirt. The authors expressed serious doubts about whether observations have demonstrated any effects caused by liquid water.

Allan Treiman, a geologist from Houston's Lunar and Planetary Institute wrote: "The idea of it being liquid water was a very reasonable hypothesis to start with. From my standpoint liquid water hasn't been proved at all."

The large-scale structure of Mars with its continent-wide canyon, gigantic volcanoes, thousand-kilometer-wide craters, fractures, plateaus and blasted wastelands of crushed stone was most likely created a short time ago. Vast clouds of plasma and their associated lightning discharges probably contributed the energy necessary for the terrain to be sculpted so quickly.

As electric current passes through a solid body it can erode material from it, or deposit material on its surface where an arc makes contact. The pits or craters left by electric arcs are usually elongated circles because the arcs strike at right angles to the surface while they move. Material in the bottom of a crater will probably be electrically heated, burned, and melted.

If the surface is positively charged, an arc will tend to stick in one place, resulting in increased melting, while the electrical forces lift the surface to form a “lightning blister,” or fulgamite. Fulgamites appear as “domes” on Venus and as pedestal craters on Mars. An even larger scale example is Olympus Mons.

If the surface is negatively charged, electric arcs will tend to move rapidly across the surface after striking and carving out a crater. Small craters on the rims of larger ones are signs of this effect. Sometimes, as electric arcs travel, they will cut chains of craters. If the craters overlap, the result will be a steep-sided trench with scalloped edges.

When electric currents pass through a plasma they are twisted into a helical pattern as the forces attempt to balance themselves within the magnetic turbulence that is created by the interaction. Mars has a weak magnetosphere, .00125 that of Earth, and it is almost directly exposed to intense positive charges coming from the Sun.

As the Electric Universe theory argues, at some point in the past the intensity of those forces increased and traveled through the planet from pole-to-pole in a powerful electric circuit. That formidable event excavated billions of tons of material from the north polar region, while at the same time layering a similar volume of material on the south pole.

During the discharges, Birkeland currents cut deep canyons at the north and south poles, while simultaneously drawing surface debris into curvilinear ridges that run parallel to them. The result was the “fossils” at both poles of a planetary electric vortex that engulfed Mars, as well as the thousands of slot canyons and scalloped pits covering Utopia Planitia.

Stephen Smith





SPECIAL NOTE - **New Volumes Available:
We are pleased to announce a new e-book series THE UNIVERSE ELECTRIC. Available now, the first volume of this series, titled Big Bang, summarizes the failure of modern cosmology and offers a new electrical perspective on the cosmos. At over 200 pages, and designed for broadest public appeal, it combines spectacular full-color graphics with lean and readily understandable text.

**Then second and third volumes in the series are now available, respectively titled Sun and Comet, they offer the reader easy to understand explanations of how and why these bodies exist within an Electric Universe.

High school and college students--and teachers in numerous fields--will love these books. So will a large audience of general readers.

Visitors to the site have often wondered whether they could fully appreciate the Electric Universe without further formal education. The answer is given by these exquisitely designed books. Readers from virtually all backgrounds and education levels will find them easy to comprehend, from start to finish.

For the Thunderbolts Project, this series is a milestone. Please see for yourself by checking out the new Thunderbolts Project website, our leading edge in reaching new markets globally.

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Authors David Talbott and Wallace Thornhill introduce the reader to an age of planetary instability and earthshaking electrical events in ancient times. If their hypothesis is correct, it could not fail to alter many paths of scientific investigation.
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Professor of engineering Donald Scott systematically unravels the myths of the "Big Bang" cosmology, and he does so without resorting to black holes, dark matter, dark energy, neutron stars, magnetic "reconnection", or any other fictions needed to prop up a failed theory.
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In language designed for scientists and non-scientists alike, authors Wallace Thornhill and David Talbott show that even the greatest surprises of the space age are predictable patterns in an electric universe.
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