legacy page  
     homeaboutessential guidepicture of the daythunderblogsnewsmultimediapredictionsproductsget involvedcontact

picture of the day

chronological archive               subject archive


Supernova remnant 160,000 light-years away. Credit: NASA/CXC/NCSU/K.J.Borkowski et al.



N132D’s Electric Arc
Mar 10, 2009

A bubble of x-rays generated by high-energy oxygen ions is said to be from a supernova explosion. However, it appears more like an electric discharge through dusty plasma.

In a recent announcement from the Chandra X-Ray Observatory, a bubble of expanding gases from a stellar explosion is creating a spherical shockwave that is traveling through the surrounding interstellar dust at extremely high velocity. According to scientists, the shockwave has formed a “shell” of compressed gas where temperatures are so high that it is generating several frequencies of X-rays. In the image at the top of the page, red indicates low-energy x-rays, green is moderate-energy and blue is high-energy.

One unusual aspect to this particular supernova remnant is that it is rich in oxygen isotopes, something not normally present in interstellar nebulae or “gas bubbles”. It is the explosion of such large stars that is supposed to be responsible for the creation of all the elements in the universe beyond the simplest isotopes of hydrogen and helium. Indeed, the vast majority of what makes up planets, moons and planetesimals (presumably) orbiting other stars was forged through fusion as they “burned-up” their hydrogen fuel and converted it into heavier elements.

Once the process created enough iron “ash” in the core, the star no longer supported its thermonuclear engine and it exploded, throwing the atomic debris into the galaxy. It is that hypothetical process that produces shockwaves in giant dust clouds, initiating further star formation as a chain-reaction in the galaxy.

As we have written in many prior Picture of the Day articles, however, we do not live in a strictly mechanistic universe where things happen only when there are explosions, shockwaves, compressed gas, rebound, expansion or other kinetic and gravity-based forces. Rather, the universe is crackling with seething energies that exceed the powers of gravity and inertia by many orders of magnitude.

It is electric currents in plasma that makes up what we observe. It is responsible for the abundant oxygen that is revealed in the green regions of N132D. Rather than an expanding shockfront of gases, the features shown in the Chandra image are lit by electricity passing through the dusty plasma. The x-ray radiation is typical of that given off by highly excited stars, indicating extremely strong electrical stress. The electric current generates x-rays when it passes through heavy ions in the plasma.

In an Electric Universe, all stars synthesize heavy elements in the concentrated plasma discharges of their photospheres. Supernovae are the result of a star effectively “throwing a switch” in the galactic circuit. The result is the same as an unintended circuit break in an earthly power grid where the stored electromagnetic energy in the entire circuit is suddenly focused at one point.

By Stephen Smith




SPECIAL NOTE - **New Volumes Available:
We are pleased to announce a new e-book series THE UNIVERSE ELECTRIC. Available now, the first volume of this series, titled Big Bang, summarizes the failure of modern cosmology and offers a new electrical perspective on the cosmos. At over 200 pages, and designed for broadest public appeal, it combines spectacular full-color graphics with lean and readily understandable text.

**Then second and third volumes in the series are now available, respectively titled Sun and Comet, they offer the reader easy to understand explanations of how and why these bodies exist within an Electric Universe.

High school and college students--and teachers in numerous fields--will love these books. So will a large audience of general readers.

Visitors to the site have often wondered whether they could fully appreciate the Electric Universe without further formal education. The answer is given by these exquisitely designed books. Readers from virtually all backgrounds and education levels will find them easy to comprehend, from start to finish.

For the Thunderbolts Project, this series is a milestone. Please see for yourself by checking out the new Thunderbolts Project website, our leading edge in reaching new markets globally.

Please visit our Forum

  This free site search script provided by JavaScript Kit  
  FREE update -

Weekly digest of Picture of the Day, Thunderblog, Forum, Multimedia and more.
*** NEW DVD ***
  Symbols of an Alien Sky
Selections Playlist

An e-book series
for teachers, general readers and specialists alike.
(FREE viewing)
  Thunderbolts of the Gods

  Follow the stunning success of the Electric Universe in predicting the 'surprises' of the space age.  
  Our multimedia page explores many diverse topics, including a few not covered by the Thunderbolts Project.  

Authors David Talbott and Wallace Thornhill introduce the reader to an age of planetary instability and earthshaking electrical events in ancient times. If their hypothesis is correct, it could not fail to alter many paths of scientific investigation.
More info
Professor of engineering Donald Scott systematically unravels the myths of the "Big Bang" cosmology, and he does so without resorting to black holes, dark matter, dark energy, neutron stars, magnetic "reconnection", or any other fictions needed to prop up a failed theory.
More info
In language designed for scientists and non-scientists alike, authors Wallace Thornhill and David Talbott show that even the greatest surprises of the space age are predictable patterns in an electric universe.
More info

EXECUTIVE EDITORS: David Talbott, Wallace Thornhill
CONTRIBUTING EDITORS: Mel Acheson, Michael Armstrong,
Dwardu Cardona, Ev Cochrane, C.J. Ransom,
Don Scott, Rens van der Sluijs,
Ian Tresman, Tom Wilson
WEBMASTER: Brian Talbott
© Copyright 2009:
top ]

home   •   picture of the day   •   thunderblogs   •   multimedia   •   resources   •   forum   •   updates   •   contact us   •   support us