legacy page  
     homeaboutessential guidepicture of the daythunderblogsnewsmultimediapredictionsproductsget involvedcontact

picture of the day

chronological archive               subject archive


A star in the Peony Nebula could be 3.2 million times brighter than the Sun.
Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/Potsdam Univ.

"Hot Hot Hot!"
Dec 15, 2008

The brightest star is now joined by one of the hottest. Luminosity and temperature evaluations ignore the electric star hypothesis, however.

NASA scientists monitoring the Far-Ultraviolet Spectroscopic Explorer (FUSE) recently announced finding a candidate for the hottest star ever discovered. KPD 0005+5106, a "white dwarf" star, measures an incredible 200,000 degrees Celsius, based on an analysis of ultraviolet light in the star's spectrum. In comparison, the Sun is approximately 6000 degrees Celsius.

White dwarfs are commonly referred to as being very hot, exceeding 10,000 degrees, and they are supposed to be stars near the end of their lives. If the star was born with several times the mass of our own Sun, then it is theorized to undergo increased heating after it exhausts its primary nuclear fuel and to collapse under its own gravity. Such superheated white dwarfs are therefore exceedingly rare, since they are said to pass through that phase in a short time.

The photosphere of KPD 0005+5106 is reported to be so intensely hot that it is glowing in ultraviolet light frequencies. FUSE researchers say that the phenomenon has never been seen before. The statement is not surprising because "hot gas" does not normally emit ultraviolet light unless it is feeding the flame of an arc welder.

In a previous Picture of the Day article, a review of the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram (H-R) demonstrated that critical information about stellar environments is ignored when attempting to classify stars into a chronological chart. Their births in a "nebular cloud" and their deaths from heat loss or supernova explosions are illustrated and their characteristics codified based on brightness, redshift and total mass, but charge density and current flow are not charted. According to consensus opinions, this "stellar main sequence" describes what happens to stars as they age.

Since astronomers and other specialists are not mapping the current flow through space and its influence on stellar evolution, they have seriously overstated the case for the gravitational model of the cosmos. No information as to the electrical input or output of the stars is considered when the various conventional theories are debated. By failing to give credence to the electrical interaction of stars with their galactic environment, an entire line of investigation remains fallow.

In The Electric Sky, retired professor of electrical engineering Dr. Don Scott provides a fresh look at the plot of stars on the H-R diagram. Scott proposes that the mass, temperature and luminosity of stars are not the only factors that should be considered when describing the life cycle of the stars. The most important factor in any star's characteristics is the current density in Amperes per square meter (A/m2) at the star's surface. If the incoming current density increases, the surface gets hotter, radiates shorter wavelengths (from red toward blue) and becomes brighter. Therefore the strength of the current density impinging into its surface, and the star's diameter, are responsible for its absolute brightness.

Some stars have been found that are too cool and too small for atomic fusion to take place. Stars are supposed to be at least 75 times the mass of Jupiter for fusion reactions to occur. Now stars that are too hot and bright for their positions in the sequence are causing astronomers to revisit their theories of nebular birth. As the Electric Star hypothesis suggests, though, by including electricity in cosmological equations the puzzles that arise with new observations will be resolved.

Don Scott: "In the Electric Star model, there is no minimum temperature or mass requirement. If a brown or red dwarf is operating near the upper boundary of the dark current mode, any slight increase in the level of current density impinging on any portion of the surface of that star will shift this plasma into the normal glow mode. This transition will be accompanied by a rapid change in the voltage rise across the plasma of the star's upper atmosphere. Maxwell's equations tell us that such a change in voltage can produce a strong dynamic electric field and a strong dynamic magnetic field. If they are sufficiently intense, dynamic electromagnetic fields will produce x-rays. [or ultraviolet - editor]."

By Stephen Smith



SPECIAL NOTE - **New Volumes Available:
We are pleased to announce a new e-book series THE UNIVERSE ELECTRIC. Available now, the first volume of this series, titled Big Bang, summarizes the failure of modern cosmology and offers a new electrical perspective on the cosmos. At over 200 pages, and designed for broadest public appeal, it combines spectacular full-color graphics with lean and readily understandable text.

**Then second and third volumes in the series are now available, respectively titled Sun and Comet, they offer the reader easy to understand explanations of how and why these bodies exist within an Electric Universe.

High school and college students--and teachers in numerous fields--will love these books. So will a large audience of general readers.

Visitors to the site have often wondered whether they could fully appreciate the Electric Universe without further formal education. The answer is given by these exquisitely designed books. Readers from virtually all backgrounds and education levels will find them easy to comprehend, from start to finish.

For the Thunderbolts Project, this series is a milestone. Please see for yourself by checking out the new Thunderbolts Project website, our leading edge in reaching new markets globally.

Please visit our Forum

  This free site search script provided by JavaScript Kit  
  FREE update -

Weekly digest of Picture of the Day, Thunderblog, Forum, Multimedia and more.
*** NEW DVD ***
  Symbols of an Alien Sky
Selections Playlist

An e-book series
for teachers, general readers and specialists alike.
(FREE viewing)
  Thunderbolts of the Gods

  Follow the stunning success of the Electric Universe in predicting the 'surprises' of the space age.  
  Our multimedia page explores many diverse topics, including a few not covered by the Thunderbolts Project.  

Authors David Talbott and Wallace Thornhill introduce the reader to an age of planetary instability and earthshaking electrical events in ancient times. If their hypothesis is correct, it could not fail to alter many paths of scientific investigation.
More info
Professor of engineering Donald Scott systematically unravels the myths of the "Big Bang" cosmology, and he does so without resorting to black holes, dark matter, dark energy, neutron stars, magnetic "reconnection", or any other fictions needed to prop up a failed theory.
More info
In language designed for scientists and non-scientists alike, authors Wallace Thornhill and David Talbott show that even the greatest surprises of the space age are predictable patterns in an electric universe.
More info

EXECUTIVE EDITORS: David Talbott, Wallace Thornhill
MANAGING EDITORS: Steve Smith, Mel Acheson
CONTRIBUTING EDITORS: Michael Armstrong, Dwardu Cardona,
Ev Cochrane, C.J. Ransom, Don Scott,
Rens van der Sluijs, Ian Tresman
WEBMASTER: Brian Talbott
© Copyright 2008:
top ]

home   •   picture of the day   •   thunderblogs   •   multimedia   •   resources   •   forum   •   updates   •   contact us   •   support us