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 Credit: NASA, Compton Gamma Ray Observatory, Burst and Transient Source Experiment


Sep 17, 2008

In Space No One Can Hear You Scream

Astronomers say that a gamma-ray burst from the edge of the universe signaled the birth of a black hole.

Astrophysicists have described gamma-ray bursts (GRB) as the merging of neutron stars or the high frequency light radiating from supernova explosions. Now, according to a recent paper published in the prestigious science journal Nature, GRBs are said to be the "scream" from a black hole's birth.

The SWIFT satellite's Burst Alert Telescope first saw GRB 080319 on March 19, 2008. The optical component accompanying the beam of gamma radiation was so intense that it could have been seen by anyone looking up at that exact point in the sky, even without a telescope, despite calculations that indicate it was over 7 billion light-years away!

Jonathan Grindlay, the Paine Professor of Astronomy at Harvard and current Chair of the Harvard Department of Astronomy at the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, told reporters that this GRB is "the birth pangs of a black hole. This is the scream." And, "[It is] more than halfway back to the Big Bang and the origin of our universe."

The GRB happened 3 billion years before the solar system was formed, according to conventional cosmological theories, because of the redshift equals time and distance assumption. Since light requires a certain amount of travel time at its 299,792 kilometer-per-second speed, the longer it takes to arrive the farther away and the farther back in time the source must be.

Extreme forms of supernovae are said to emit gamma-ray bursts. As astrophysicists speculate, those same supernovae often occur in stars containing many times the mass of our own Sun and cannot stop their collapse once their fusion cores implode. Due to that inexorable plunge into an intense gravitational field, it is theorized that the supernovae remnants form black holes. Irrespective of the process, it is not known how a supernova explosion and the subsequent collapse into a black hole generates a GRB.

The estimated size of a gamma-ray burst depends on its distance, as previously stated. So, what does that mean for GRB measurements? The first few GRBs were found in galaxies with high redshift some seeming to emanate from as far away as 12 billion light years. If the galaxies were actually that far away, the energies observed in such gamma-ray flashes would be beyond any supernova, so a hypothetical cosmic entity known as a hypernova was created, salvaging the redshift-indicates-distance theory.

As Electric Universe cosmologists conclude, however, another explanation for GRB intensity is that redshift is not actually an indicator of distance and GRBs are occurring in nearby galactic neighborhoods. As Mel Acheson proposed in his latest Picture of the Day, it is likely that some galaxy clusters are not so far away, are not so large and are probably not merging. In that same way, GRBs are not unimaginably powerful, not coming from the edge of a speculative expanding space/time continuum, and are not the birth pangs of a black hole.

If GRBs are located nearby they are less energetic and plasma discharges in the form of exploding double layers could impel the gamma-ray bursts in ways that can be explored though laboratory experiments. Rather than relying on mathematical phantoms like black holes, neutron stars and hypernovae, why not create real, testable hypotheses and work them up with real, physical models?

Standard cosmological theories are hard-pressed to match models with observations. X-rays from ion excitation, a range of energy curves, and (sometimes) gamma-rays are properties of lightning bolts. Computer simulations demonstrate that plasma phenomena are scalable over several orders of magnitude they behave in the same way and illustrate basic premises whether in atoms or galaxies. Perhaps GRBs are really flashes of cosmic lightning erupting from electrified clouds of plasma on an immense scale.

By Stephen Smith
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The Electric Sky and The Electric Universe available now!

    


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Professor of engineering Donald Scott systematically unravels the myths of the "Big Bang" cosmology, and he does so without resorting to black holes, dark matter, dark energy, neutron stars, magnetic "reconnection", or any other fictions needed to prop up a failed theory.

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In language designed for scientists and non-scientists alike, authors Wallace Thornhill and David Talbott show that even the greatest surprises of the space age are predictable patterns in an electric universe.


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  EXECUTIVE EDITORS:
David Talbott, Wallace Thornhill
     MANAGING EDITORS:
Steve Smith, Mel Acheson
  CONTRIBUTING EDITORS: Michael Armstrong, Dwardu Cardona,
Ev Cochrane, C.J. Ransom, Don Scott, Rens van der Sluijs, Ian Tresman
  WEBMASTER: Brian Talbott

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