Mar 25, 2008
Dark Understanding of Matter
Images from the Hubble Space
Telescope have revealed a so-called "ring of dark matter"
circling a galaxy cluster. Does dark matter exist? Or is
electricity a better explanation for the structure of the
a recent announcement, NASA and the European Space
Agency (ESA) reported the discovery of something in deep
space that seems to confirm previously inferred observations
matter." Although "dark matter" cannot be seen or
detected by instruments, its existence has been
hypothetically considered a necessary aspect of cosmology
ESA scientists put it:
"Our own galaxy
should have fallen apart by now," said Frederic Bournaud, an
astrophysicist with the
French Atomic Energy Commission (Commissariat a
l'energie atomique). "So dark matter - this unseen force -
is somewhere keeping it glued together."
gravitational force exerted by this unseen and undetectable
material is sustaining not just our galaxy, but all
galaxies. Astronomers have long been dismayed by the lack of
matter that can be observed in the visible universe.
According to conventional theories, it was the "big bang"
that brought all matter and energy - including gravity -
into existence, so their postulates about
dark matter must fit within the confines of that
hypothesis. Every modern cosmological theory has the "big
bang" at its core. For many years, investigators tried to
reconcile the lack of mass, particularly in galaxy clusters,
with the expansion of the universe and the acceleration of
that expansion. There is, apparently, not enough gravity
available in observed matter to account for the excess speed
and the consolidation of both individual galaxies and their
Fritz Zwicky was studying the
Coma Cluster of galaxies and found that his calculations
for orbital acceleration and stellar mass within it was off
by a factor of about 160. He concluded that there must be
something invisible to his instruments somewhere within the
cluster that was holding it together. His hypothesis was
supposedly confirmed in 1979 with the discovery of
'gravitational lensing' (another theory of Dr. Zwicky) and
the "twin quasar"
In the image at
the top of the page, the blue rays are actually a map of
distortions in the shape of the galaxies within the cluster.
The distortions are like ripples on the surface of a lake,
according to astronomers. As the ripples shift over the
stones and plants, they cause their shapes to deform because
the light from above passes through regions of varying
density. In the same way,
NASA scientists think, the ripples in a dark matter halo
are what is passing through
CL0024+17. This conclusion is an artifact of Zwicky's "gravitational
lensing"; since it is actually instability in the
gravitational presence of unseen matter that is supposedly,
'bending light' around and through the galactic cluster over
five billion light-years away.
matter" is unseen and undetectable and can be analyzed
through inference alone, could it be that something else is
taking place? Something that NASA and the ESA observers have
failed to consider as an active force? That "something" is
electricity. Because "there is electricity in space, but it
doesn't do anything" is the mantra of current cosmological
and astrophysical theories, then the mysteries of the
universe will continue to rely on explanations that seem to
have more basis in fantasy than reality.
perspective of the Electric Universe theory, the clusters of
galaxies, the galaxies themselves and their associated stars
are all driven by electric currents flowing in dusty plasma
over immeasurable distances.
Birkeland currents create
z-pinch compression zones between the spinning magnetic
fields in the electrical vortex. The compressed ions form
spheres of glowing plasma - some in arc mode, some in glow
mode and some with variability between the two states.
Circuits of electricity pouring into them from outside power
the stars and galactic wheels. What should we expect to see
in their shapes and behavior in that case?
galaxies and throughout the cluster will be Birkeland
filaments that slowly fluctuate in their intensity,
causing mass density variations that might be
interpreted as gravitational effects.
in which the galaxies exist creates radial magnetic
fields as the current flows, interconnecting each galaxy
with its neighbor and forming electrical bridges between
layers form in plasma as the electrical charges isolate
themselves from one another. They may break down if too
much current flows in the circuit. In that instance,
there will be a "supernova."
galaxies and clusters will be toroids, or rings of
charged plasma. They are detectable in extreme
ultra-violet, x-ray and gamma ray light.
In the Hubble
image of galaxy cluster CL0024+17, all of those phenomena
may be witnessed. There is no need to resort to things that
do not exist in order to explain the things that do exist.
By Stephen Smith
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