Mar 06, 2007
Saturn's Plasma Ring
A toroid of charged particles around Saturn
could indicate electrical discharges from the planet.
recent press release about
Cassini's unusual findings in its exploration of Saturn,
NASA officials announced the discovery of "hot particles"
surrounding the planet in a toroid, or doughnut-shaped,
ring. The most peculiar aspect to their findings was that it
is not symmetrical.
"It's curious that Saturn's ring current
isn't symmetric," said Don Mitchell, an astrophysicist at
Johns Hopkins University who helped examine the images
beamed back to Earth. "We think the solar wind is squishing
the sunward side of the ring current, kind of like a wind
A similar torus of particles
surrounds Earth with electrons moving eastward and
positive ions moving to the west. These charged particles
are, in reality, plasma and the motion around the Earth
electric current. The 'doughnut' of
plasma around Saturn is the same effect.
According to the press release, planets with
magnetic fields can trap hot particles to form giant
electrified clouds. However, as we have
noted in these pages, from an electric universe
perspective, the warm rilles and hot poles of Saturn's moon
Enceladus are electrically heated and vapor is being
electrically "machined" from where the current flowing
through it returns to Saturn's sheath circuit. The oxygen
and hydrogen in the water vapor are probably what feeds
charged particles into Saturn's plasmasphere.
NASA scientists have noticed the "bending"
Saturn's magnetic field around Enceladus "due to
electric currents generated by the interaction of
atmospheric particles and the magnetosphere of Saturn." But
their blind spot with regard to plasma behavior leads them
to insist that the electric currents "don't do anything."
The distortion of the torus on the sunward
side indicates that an electrical (not mechanical) effect is
occurring between Saturn and the sun. By referring to it as
a "wind sock", Cassini mission specialists are betraying
their ignorance of electricity in space â especially the
currents that flow through
Don Scott comments:
"Yes they refuse to acknowledge that moving
electrical charges constitute an electric current (there are
no 'wind socks' in space). There is a significant density of
electrons and ions in 'empty' space however.
Magnetic fields do not trap 'hot' particles any better than
they do cold particles. When did you ever see a bar magnet
attract cigarette smoke, for example? Magnetic fields can
only affect streams of electric charges (currents)"
Another of the distinctive features thought
to be "mysterious" by the data analysts is a clump of
electrified particles synchronized with the planet's
"Saturn is a big fast rotator. The clump
seems loosely hooked to the planet, yet rotates with it,"
Mitchell said. "It may be connected with Saturn's ring
current, but we just don't know. This is something we're
working very hard to figure out."
Don Scott comments once more:
"I wish them luck. I do feel they would
stand a better chance of it if they would drop the 'wind
sock' mindset and begin to recognize how magnetic and
electric fields interact with streams of charge. Nearby
electric current can distort a magnetic field. A congestion
of electric charge may be due to a concentrated electric
field along some particular radius vector emanating up from
Every so often Saturn breaks out with a
three times larger than Earth. Standard models of Saturn and
a gravity-only cosmos cannot explain such a periodic
outburst, but an intense lightning discharge deep in the
atmosphere could cause vertical jets very similar to the
Earth's upper atmosphere.
Electrical effects and its connection to the current flow in
the solar system can explain most of the effects that
Cassini and other science packages have discovered on and
around Saturn. As we reported in a previous
Thunderbolts Picture of the Day:
"The solar cycle connection explains not
only the changes in lightning patterns on Saturn, but also
the expanded magnetosphere and the (now) missing spokes. The
higher electrical stress throughout the solar system in
1980/1981 would have compressed Saturn's magnetosphere and
created the dark spokes. (The spokes revolved to the tune of
Saturn's magnetic field rather than to gravity's rules,
suggesting they were electrical discharges across the rings.
And each separate spoke began when Saturnian "dawn" reached
the longitude associated with the long-lasting equatorial
storm.) The lower stress of solar minimum allows the
magnetosphere to relax, the spokes to fade, and the "storms"
to migrate toward higher latitudes."
By Stephen Smith
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