Aug 30, 2007
Orion Stellar Nursery
Enigmatic young stars,
born in a "nursery" in space, have been found to emit high
energy X-rays--a surprise to astronomers, but another
predictable finding in an Electric Universe.
The caption to this image in a Chandra X-ray Telescope press release
image shows the Orion Nebula Cluster, a rich cluster of
young stars observed almost continuously for 13 days.
The long observation enabled scientists to study the X-ray
behavior of young Sun-like stars with ages between 1 and 10
million years. They discovered that these young stars
produce violent X-ray outbursts, or flares, that are much
more frequent and energetic than anything seen today from
our 4.6 billion-year-old Sun.”
have no satisfactory explanation for the occurrence of
x-rays in young stars, gravity-only theories propose that
these flares may create turbulence in the circumstellar
disks of gas and dust from which planets are thought to
form. From the press release: “Such turbulence might affect
the position of rocky, Earth-like planets as they form and
prevent them from rapidly migrating towards the young star.
Therefore, the survival chances of the Earth may have been
enhanced by large flares from the young Sun.”
theories tie the flares to the formation processes of stars
and of planets. Stars form where an electric current is
squeezed by its own
magnetic field until it becomes unstable. Then it pinches
into a series of spheres that pull in matter and become
glow and arc discharges.
This is why star formation occurs in groups, often in lines,
and in the highest-energy regions of a galaxy.
electrical processes form planets. Because plasma is
complex, there are several possible mechanisms for
electrical planet formation. Any one (or even all) may be at
concept of Alfred de Grazia and Earl Milton has planets form
along a plasma bridge between a star and a companion star.
This theory predicts the recent discovery of a plasma bridge
stretching between the red giant star
Mira and its white
dwarf companion. Wallace Thornhill’s theory has planets
in the equatorial plane of the star and moons ejected in a
similar manner from the
equatorial plane of gas giants.
(Our own moon, which doesn’t orbit in the equatorial plane,
was captured.) Anthony Peratt has planets form in
polar-aligned groups of 7 to 9 along the second current
filament that parallels the filament in which the star
forms. In the lab, matter is concentrated into spheres at
the center of toruses that are stacked along the axis of
the filament. The spheres remain in polar alignment as long
as the discharge is active, and then they scatter “like
buckshot” when it quenches.
All three of
these theories assume that the electrical activity observed
in young stars plays an active role in forming planets as
well as in forming stars. A corollary to these theories is
that, after forming, the stars and planets continue
to be the focus of lower-energy electrical activity. This
persistent connection to galactic plasma circuits could
explain the excess energy—more than what’s received from the
sun—given off by most of the planets.
possibility of electrically heated planets disrupts the
narrow conventional calculations of a “habitable zone” in
which water stays liquid: Depending on the current, a
habitable planet could be anywhere. Furthermore, in view of
the “life-like” behavior of plasma and the “plasma-like”
behavior of life, the density of life in the universe could
be surprisingly greater than hitherto imagined.
For the first
time in two centuries, scientists can develop new ideas of
how stars and planets form based on observational and
laboratory data, ideas that take into account the plasma
activity that has surprised astronomers with every new
discovery of the space age.
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