picture of the day
Credit: R. Sahai et al., Hubble Heritage Team/AURA, NASA
Jun 14, 2007
A Cosmic Egg
This cosmic egg (planetary
nebula IC 418) is not the uniform spherical shell of gas blown off
by a dying star that conventional theories expect.
Both the shell
and the inner "yolk" (blue) are stretched along an axis, and both
are finely divided into cells that are surrounded by glowing
filaments of matter. The central star varies in brightness over
several hours, and conventional theorists speculate that it may
generate "chaotic winds" that might somehow crisscross to create the
cells and filaments.
The Electric Universe sees a different egg. Shell and "yolk"
are both composed of plasma, not of gas. The physics of electric
currents apply, not the physics of winds. The shell is a plasma
sheath, a "double layer" that acts like a capacitor, mediating the
different electrical fields inside and outside the shell. Most of
the voltage difference between the star and the surrounding galactic
field is taken up in that thin, membrane-like double layer. The blue
"yolk" is another, secondary, double layer that forms when the
electric current feeding the central star reaches a threshold
As is typical with sheaths, currents flow along the surface.
And as is typical with plasma, the currents pinch into filaments
that pull in material from surrounding spaces. The double layers and
their current filaments also respond to the electromagnetic forces
of the interstellar current filament feeding the system and are thus
elongated along the axis of that current. That larger current flows
in a circuit that threads through the galaxy. It is invisible
because of its lower current density, but the magnetic field it
produces is detectable in the squeezing and stretching of the egg
that derives from it.
That the power output of the central star varies over a few
hours indicates that the power input is oscillating. Some feedback
mechanism in the supply circuit has reached a resonant condition.
That element of the circuit need not be in the star or nebula but
could be far away, just as the circuit elements in a radio that
generate the oscillating radio wave may be far removed from the
antenna that radiates the energies.