Both conventional and electric supernovae are
exploding stars. But what constitutes a star and what constitutes an
explosion are quite different in each case.
conventional view, a supernova is an exploding star. Because
gravity is the only force available to explain the
organization of matter into stars, stars are isolated and
autonomous objects that must get the energy they radiate
from internal sources.
release of abnormal amounts of energy in a supernova must
come from the same (or similar) internal sources. When
telescopes observe high-energy radiation and fast-moving
particles, the cause can only be heating and acceleration by
shock waves. The intensities required must demolish the
constraints imposed by theory, not empirical limits from
observing actual supernovae.
In the Electric
Universe view, a supernova is also an exploding star. But an
electric star is a power-consuming “pinch”—a
galactic circuit of
The circuit drives the pinch, just as circuits in a house
drive the electric lights.
power comes from the circuit, the interior of an electric
star could be composed in any number of ways. It could be a
“balloon” of thin (or dense) plasma with constant density
throughout. (The oscillations of the Sun’s surface are
consistent with this model.) It could contain a solid body
acting as an electrode for the “anode
tufting” that makes
up the visible surface, or photosphere.
power comes from the circuit, the radiation and “wind” of an
electric star are the effects of the arc discharges that
make up the corona, chromosphere and photosphere.
Fluctuations in these discharges generate “double
layers” (DLs), which
can become unstable and explode into
flares and coronal
mass ejections (CMEs).
characteristic of an exploding DL is that the energy of the
entire circuit, not just the energy contained locally in the
DL, can flow into the explosion. The energy increase
accelerates the expansion of the DL and the particles
composing it. This acceleration persists out to many stellar
diameters from the visible surface of the star. At the same
time, the radiation from the DL climbs into the ultraviolet
or x-ray—or even gamma-ray—range, giving off a burst of
high-energy “light” that has a time distribution like that
of lightning: a sudden onset and exponential decline.
In the Electric
Universe view, a supernova is simply a star that is engulfed
by an exploding DL. Because the circuit drives the DL, the
energy released by the supernova doesn’t have to come from
internal or even local sources. Shock waves and heat are
by-products of a phenomenon that is primarily electrical.
The above image
of a supernova, in x-ray “light”, shows the filamentary edge
of the DL as it expands into interstellar space. The
horseshoe shape (as well as the more common
bi-polar shapes seen
in other supernovae) is a result of the larger
electromagnetic forces driving the DL’s expansion. (In
contrast, conventional theory expects a spherical shock-wave
shell. Observed asymmetries can only be accounted for by
making ad hoc adjustments to the fundamental theory.) The DL
encompassing the supernova is itself composed of secondary
current filaments and DLs, among which the total energy is
unequally distributed: higher-energy x-rays (in blue) are
emitted by the lower segment; lower-energy x-rays (in red)
come from the upper segment.
Please check out Professor Don Scott's
new book The Electric Sky.
READERS: Wallace Thornhill, David Talbott, and Anthony
Peratt will share the stage with other investigators of
planetary catastrophe at the British Society for
Interdisciplinary Studies “Conference 2007” August