The Tunguska Event (2)
An Explanation that Works
It seems that
scientific investigation has left the mystery of the fiery
Tunguska explosion unresolved. From the beginning, the
debate excluded the electric force, the one force that
allows for a unified solution and excludes no field
the “Electric Universe” ask that this new perspective on the
physical world be judged by its predictive ability, its
ability to explain all relevant data. In accounting for the
Tunguska event they insist that, unlike prior
“explanations”, the Electric Universe does not leave a
substantial body of evidence unexplained.
extraordinary power of the high-energy explosion above
The most likely
origin of the object that caused the Tunguska event is the
short-period comet Encke, the acknowledged source of the
Beta Taurid meteor shower. On June 30, the shower was at its
peak. In the
electric model of comets,
the energy released when a comet fragment encounters the
Earth is not limited by the mass and kinetic energy of the
fragment, but includes the electrical energy due to the
charge differential between it and the Earth. This
stored electrical energy also accounts for the “astonishing”
explosion that occurred when the
probe met up with Comet
Tempel 1. Calculations of the mass and size of the Tunguska
bolide, based solely on mechanical considerations, will be
exaggerated. This, of course, has implications when
searching for fragments that survived the fall.
testimony of strange sounds before the event.
In terms of the
speed of sound in Earth’s atmosphere, the reports of weird
sounds in advance appear absurd. But they are entirely
plausible as "electrophonic sounds" heard either before, or
simultaneous with, the sighting of brilliant meteor
fireballs up to 100km distant. Electrophonic sounds signify
the direct conversion, by transduction, of very low
frequency electromagnetic energy into audible sounds
(through a medium that can be as simple as a gold tooth
filling or a pair of glasses). Abundant reports of peculiar
sounds in connection with meteors, auroras, earthquakes and
even nuclear bomb tests are sufficient to substantiate the
effect. The cause is most easily understood as a natural
resonance of an extensive plasma discharge in the Earth's
atmosphere (or underground in the case of earthquakes). In
the case of an approaching comet, the incoming body is
electrified with respect to the Earth.
of the sky before the event.
In the electric
solar system, the planets and all comets have plasma sheaths
that isolate them electrically from the solar plasma. When
two plasma sheaths "touch", the two bodies "see" each other
electrically for the first time. Comets have plasma sheaths
that are millions of kilometers in diameter. So even at
their high speed their electrical effect could be felt
days in advance of a physical encounter. In such
instances, the electrical effect upon the Earth may take the
form of unusual auroral displays. The prior “sky glows”
associated with Tunguska could also be due to cometary
fragments, lying along the comet's orbit in advance of the
comet nucleus, entering the stratosphere and reflecting
sunlight long after sunset. Of course, a simple “asteroidal”
explanation of Tunguska cannot address either this
phenomenon, or any of the other advanced signs of the
intruder’s approach (noted below).
strange weather before the event.
In an electric
solar system electric currents flowing between the solar
plasma and the planets are the primary factors driving
Earth’s weather patterns. In fact, the most violent winds
occur on planets most distant from the Sun, where solar
heating is negligible. Ice-cold Neptune, the gas giant
farthest from Earth, has 2,000 km/h winds! When seen in
these terms, it becomes clear that an electrical disturbance
might be evident in the form of unusual weather days
before the arrival of a comet.
strange seismic activity before the event.
the occurrence of "underground lightning." A minor
electrical disturbance of the Earth, due to the intrusion of
a charged body, could indeed trigger earthquakes, in the
same way that electrical sunspot activity influences
effects before the event.
of Kiel University observed unusual regular periodic
deviations of the compass needle. This effect was repeated
each evening from 27 June through 30 June 1908. The
recordings looked like geomagnetic storms, usually
associated with solar electrical activity. This time the
approaching comet was the most likely source of the
electrical disturbance. The duration of the storms indicates
that comets are a copious source of electrons. That is,
comets are highly negatively charged with respect to the
inner solar system. Their influence can be vastly greater
than mere gravitational and inertial considerations would
atmospheric pressure pulse.
atmosphere forms the dielectric of a capacitor with the two
"plates" of the capacitor being the
Earth and the ionosphere.
The comet's electrical disturbance will cause pressure
pulses in the atmosphere before the comet arrives as
well as upon arrival. It is noteworthy in this respect that
a giant ionospheric disturbance accompanied the magnitude
9.3 Sumatra earthquake of 26 December 2004. The ionosphere
moved up and down by about
40 km! And changes in
the ionosphere have been registered 5 to 10 days
before an earthquake.
At a comet’s
closest approach, a plasma discharge takes place between the
Earth and the comet. The comet is fragmented explosively by
internal electrical stresses, and all of the fragments may
be melted or vaporized in a plasma discharge so that no
impact crater is formed. An interesting fact is that the
Tunguska epicenter almost exactly coincides with the muzzle
Volcanoes are the focus of electric discharge activity and
may retain an electrical conductivity different from that of
the surrounding crust. This fact can only accentuate the
argument that the blast was electrical.
If we had to
rely on the fireball and air friction alone to heat the
bolide or to break it apart, we should expect to find stony
remnants. However, as noted above, most or all of the comet
fragments will be melted and vaporized in the plasma
discharge. Also, "ground zero" is the focus of the plasma
discharge between the Earth and the comet. It is not the
site of any impact and we should not expect to find cometary
eruption of fire across hundreds of square kilometers.
discharge between the comet and the Earth would have had
many strange effects in the atmosphere and at ground level
unlike anything ever experienced by the inhabitants. In
addition to fires started by radiation from the fireball,
electrically ignited fires would have been started at the
same instant over a wide area.
lightning and thunder in the midst of the firestorm.
lightning, such as St. Elmo's fire and ball lightning would
have been generated at the Earth's surface. Lightning would
have struck from a clear blue sky. (See addendum to this
Blast of heat
along with a shock wave many kilometers away from the
discharges touch down there will be sudden heating of the
air and a blast. Touchdown points may be a considerable
distance from the bolide's track and the explosion center.
microscopic glassy spherules over a large area.
The final result
of the explosive fragmentation, melting and vaporization of
the bolide will be a spray of glassy spherules beyond the
point where the main plasma discharge and explosion took
place. The creation of spherules by electric discharge and
electrical fusing, a common effect of lightning, is now well
demonstrated in the
Almost 100 years
after the event, the specialists are still debating whether
the exploding object was a comet or an asteroid.
Conventional proponents of the comet explanation note the
presence of cometary material in the ground over a wide
area. Proponents of the asteroid or meteor hypothesis say
that a fragile comet would be destroyed too high in the
atmosphere. The debate is entirely irrelevant from an
electrical vantage point. Comets, asteroids, and meteors
have the same origins and are formed in the same way. It is
the contemporary mythology of comets that suggests they are
fragile "icy dirtballs." An asteroid large enough to hold
its charge while moving on a highly elliptical (comet-like
orbit) through the Sun’s electric field, would
become a comet irrespective of its composition.
In fact, we have an instance of this occurring when the
asteroid Chiron, on a chaotic orbit between Saturn and
Uranus, unexpectedly sported a tail and became classified as
theories of the Tunguska event, certain questions must be
asked without prejudice. Does a proposed explanation address
all of the facts? Are the facts predictable under the
proposed explanation? Is there anything we should expect to
find that has not been found? The electric theorists are
confident that, if official science will withdraw its
investment in a discredited, electrically sterile view of
the physical universe, the answers to these questions will
In the case of
the Tunguska event, some of the most compelling evidence
comes from those who experienced the terror first hand. In
1928, I. M. Suslov recorded the following testimony from a
member of Shanyagir tribe (this taken from the Wikipedia
“We had a hut by
the river with my brother Chekaren. We were sleeping.
Suddenly we both woke up at the same time. Somebody shoved
us. We heard whistling and felt strong wind. Chekaren said,
"can you hear all those birds flying overhead?" We were both
in the hut, couldn't see what was going on outside.
Suddenly, I got shoved again, this time so hard I fell into
the fire. I got scared. Chekaren got scared too. We started
crying for out father, mother, brother, but no one answered.
“There was noise
beyond the hut, we could hear trees falling down. Me and
Chekaren got out of our sleeping bags and wanted to run out,
but then the thunder struck. This was the first thunder. The
Earth began to move and rock, wind hit our hut and knocked
it over. My body was pushed down by sticks, but my head was
in the clear. Then I saw a wonder: trees were falling, the
branches were on fire, it became mighty bright, how can I
say this, as if there was a second sun, my eyes were
hurting, I even closed them. It was like what the Russians
call lightning. And immediately there was a loud
thunderclap. This was the second thunder. The morning was
sunny, there were no clouds, our Sun was shining brightly as
usual, and suddenly there came a second one!
Me and Chekaren
had some difficulty getting under from the remains of our
hut. Then we saw that above, but in a different place, there
was another flash, and loud thunder came. This was the third
thunder strike. Wind came again, knocked us off our feet,
struck against the fallen trees.
“We looked at
the fallen trees, watched the tree tops get snapped off,
watched the fires. Suddenly Chekaren yelled "Look up" and
pointed with his hand. I looked there and saw another flash,
and it made another thunder. But the noise was less than
before. This was the fourth strike, like normal thunder.
“Now I remember
well there was also one more thunder strike, but it was
small, and somewhere far away, where the Sun goes to sleep”.
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