Spacecraft have discovered fine dust on several bodies.
Recent images from the Saturn system show softening of
features on several small moons that may also be due to
dust. While an electrical explanation for this is at hand,
there is also another intriguing electrical possibility.
The Cassini mission to Saturn has recently acquired
close-up images of several small moons.
Pandora, shown above, display surface features that have been
rounded and smoothed. In contrast,
Enceladus, for example, have surface features that appear fresh
and are sharply delineated. Mission scientists speculate that the
three moons shown above may be covered with a loose material,
perhaps a dust of fine ice crystals.
This is a reasonable speculation in view of the
discovery that nearby Enceladus is
venting water vapor and powdery ice particles from
south polar region.
Enceladus may be supplying particles to the E ring, in which it
orbits, and escaping particles may have settled on Telesto and
Calypso. Pandora, just outside the F ring, may have picked up its
coating in a similar way.
The Electric Universe takes into account that all
these bodies—moons, rings and ice particles—move inside Saturn’s
extensive plasma sheath. They are all therefore charged and subject
to the electrical behavior of plasma. The fine icy dust that makes
up the rings may have been
an electrical discharge machining (EDM) process—from the
The same mechanism, with reversed polarity, will
particles on a surface in thin layers. It is a process used in
electrostatic spray painting of automobiles.
"Fineness" is an important indicator of electrical
activity. Under low-energy conditions—discharges in the
which don’t have enough energy to emit visible light, or discharges
in the “glow” mode, which only emit light feebly—electrical forces
will tear only small particles from a surface in a process called
“sputtering.” The same mechanism, with reversed polarity, will
deposit the particles on a surface in thin layers.
Whether the surface is composed of ice or rock makes
little difference. The icy dust being removed from Enceladus’s “hot”
south polar region is matched with the sodium and sulfur particles
being removed from Jupiter’s “hot” satellite,
And the fine dust that may cover Telesto, Calypso and Pandora is
matched with the fine dust on Mars’ moons,
Phobos and Deimos, and that thrown up on Comet Tempel 1 by
In the Electric Universe, a
powers this low-energy electrical activity in the Solar System. And
evidence that the circuit has experienced surges
that drive the activity into higher-energy arc (or thunderbolt)
modes. “Sputtering” then would involve not fine dust measured in
microns but boulders measured in miles, even asteroid-sized bodies.
“Normal” conditions that we see today would be responsible for the
existence of dust on and around Pandora and Enceladus;
“catastrophic” conditions would be responsible for the existence of
Pandora and Enceladus.
But in the electric Universe, there is
another possibility. The "Electrical Parturition”
model of satellite formation hypothesizes that solid bodies may be
electrically ejected from gas giants. This would occur episodically:
moons would be produced one or a few at a time.
After each episode of parturition, the new and existing moons
would experience electrical discharges among themselves as they
adjusted their orbits into a “least interaction” arrangement.
Especially smaller bodies could be engulfed by a discharge channel,
which, at a planetary scale, would persist for days. The small body
would be subjected to a “plasma oven” effect that would produce a
uniform melted layer over the surface. The process would be
similar to that hypothesized for the generation of the
glassy-surfaced chondrules in chondritic meteorites.
and Pandora may not have had their craters and rilles softened by a
layer of dust. Their craters and rilles may have been literally
softened by melting. Radar measurements should be able to
distinguish between the two.
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