picture of the day
Mar 14, 2006
Paradigm Lockout, Paradigm Paralysis?
The power of the paradigm tells you what you see. The prevailing comet theories
see this image of Tempel 1 as an insubstantial "dirty snowball" or "fluffy dustball",
and the Electric Universe theory sees this image as a substantial cratered rock, whether
or not embedded ices are present.
Today we feature excerpts from four newspaper
articles that are reporting what they are told by their scientist
A September.07, 2005 article in the Guardian reports "Deep
Impact space collision reveals comets to be fluffy balls of powder".
This is the latest adjustment of a theory of comets that has seen them
first as "dirty snowballs", then as "snowy dirtballs", now as "fluffy
balls of powder". Each adjustment has come after new observations
have surprised space scientists with data that the older version of the
theory failed to predict. Such a consistent
series of breakdowns after spot repairs should lead one to suspect there
may be a larger flaw in the theory and to consider alternate
explanations. But undue attachment to the flawed theory locks one away
from other possibilities.
A September.07, 2005 article in the New York
Times reports, "The collision tossed up thousands of
tons of ice and dust from the comet...."
On the same day, an article in the Baltimore Sun
converted the ice to water: "The impact spewed out millions of gallons of
water in tiny droplets and up to 10 times that much dust".
What was actually observed was the signature of
water in the spectrum of the light from the comet. That the water—as
water or as ice—came from the comet's nucleus is an interpretation
delivered by the prevailing paradigm. Because comets are thought to be isolated
bodies that react only to the gravity and radiation of the Sun,
the theory implies that there is no source of water except their own nuclei.
Other paradigms suggest other possibilities: In an
Electric Universe, the observed water did NOT come from ice on the
comet. Rather oxygen ions were
electrically machined from the comet. These ions combined with
hydrogen ions in the solar "wind"
to generate water in the coma, or plasma sheath, that surrounds the
The Baltimore Sun further reports:
"The probe hit the comet with the force of five tons of TNT, forming a
crater the size of a football field, A'Hearn said, as it plunged "tens
of meters" down into the comet."
But the same article revealed, "The dust
and water particles spewed out by impact were so tiny and bright that no
images have captured the crater's location."
The power of the paradigm forces scientists to describe the depth of the
plunge and the crater when these can't even be seen.
This would be a
prediction, not a fact. But because no other possibility is imagined,
scientists "know" a crater exists without having seen it.
The New York Times article continues:
The Spitzer Space Telescope "detected specific colors of infrared light that indicated that Tempel 1 contained clays and carbonates, the minerals of
limestone and seashells.
"Clays and carbonates both require
liquid water to form.
"'How do clays and carbonates form
in frozen comets where there isn't liquid water?' said Carey M. Lisse, a research scientist at the Applied Physics Laboratory at
Johns Hopkins University who is presenting the Spitzer data
today at a meeting of the Division for Planetary Sciences in
Cambridge, England. 'Nobody expected this.'"
Minerals known as clays and carbonates" are commonly known as
The article adds, "Spitzer also
detected minerals known as crystalline silicates. Astronomers had
already known that comets contain silicates, but silicates line up in
neat crystal structures only when they are warmed to 1,300 degrees
Fahrenheit - temperatures reached at around the orbit of Mercury - and
Minerals "known as crystalline silicates" are
usually better know as rock.
In the prevailing model the nebular cloud giving birth to comets lies out
beyond Pluto, and therefore the temperature would have been far below
Of course in the prevailing model the nebular cloud from which comets are
thought to have formed places their formation out beyond Pluto, and
therefore the temperature would have been far below 1300 degrees.
In the Electric Universe model comets are the debris that has been
electrically excavated from the rocky planets and moons in catastrophic episodes of
discharge with other bodies. Cometary nuclei did not condense from a
diffuse cloud in isolation but were part of a rocky body before they
Finally, the New York Times article stated, "Observations of the
Deep Impact collision confirmed that the comet is mostly empty space.
The outer layers of Tempel 1 are 'unbelievably fragile, less strong than
a snow bank,' said Michael A'Hearn, the mission's principal
Confirmed? This is not a fact but an unwarranted
assumption forced by the model.
It's needed in order
to "explain away" the double flash at impact, which in the prevailing
paradigm can only mean that the impactor hit a double crust or boundary.
In the electric model, a double flash is expected
because the impactor and comet have
charges. A potential difference—a voltage—exists between them.
When the impactor gets close to the surface, an electrical
discharge—lightning—will flash between impactor and nucleus. If the
impactor is not torn apart by the discharge, it will produce a
second flash when it impacts moments later.
With a different paradigm, the observation confirmed
that the comet is mostly, and perhaps entirely, solid rock. Unless a range of alternatives
is considered, confirmation only means that you see what you
believe. (See the essay "Error Probes, Truth Probes, and Space
Contributed by Michael Armstrong
Please visit our new "Thunderblog" page
Through the initiative of managing
editor Dave Smith, we’ve begun the launch of a new
presentations of fact and opinion, with emphasis on
and the explanatory power of the Electric Universe."
new: online video page
The Electric Sky and The Electric Universe