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So-called “dark energy” is said to influence the large-scale structure
of the universe as theorized by cosmologists in this computer model.
Credit: James Wadsley, McMaster University

Mar 10, 2008

Detecting the Undetectable

“Dark matter” is inferred by anomalous gravity readings from deep space. “Dark energy” is said to accelerate the expansion of space itself. The Electric Universe theory is a much better fit to the observations.

In previous Picture of the Day articles about the existence of “dark matter” we noted that it is primarily an add-on, or ad-hoc theory, so that the current gravitational model of the universe can be preserved. The lack of matter that can be observed in the universe has always presented a problem to the underlying concept of “big bang cosmology”. According to conventional theories, it was the big bang that brought all matter and energy - including gravity - into existence. Every modern cosmological theory starts with the theory at its core.

According to conventional physics, without adding dark matter to the equation there is not enough gravity in the matter that can be observed in the universe to account for galaxies bunching together. Also, without sufficient mass, the galaxy clusters should have slowed down considerably over the last few billion years and not maintained such wild recessional velocities, some of which approach 90% the speed of light. In fact, much to the perplexity of standard gravity-only views of the universe, the more remote galaxies look like they are actually accelerating away from the Milky Way.

Astronomers first postulated a dark – or cold or exotic – form of matter when they noticed the stars at the edge of a spiral galaxy revolving at the same angular speed as stars closer to the center. But according to Newtonian mechanics stars further away from the center should be moving more slowly. Therefore, astronomers assumed dark matter, not observable by current instruments, was imparting extra speed to the stars.

Investigators have also tried for years to reconcile the amount of mass in the universe with how fast the universe is expanding. Their only recourse has been to invent the existence of another undetectable force, “dark energy”.

Princeton University and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory scientists write that galactic expansion "is forcing us to consider the possibility that some cosmic dark energy exists that opposes the self-attraction of matter and causes the expansion of the universe to accelerate."

However, Saul Perlmutter, leader of the Supernova Cosmology Project at Berkeley Laboratory has said:

"The universe is made mostly of dark matter and dark energy and we don't know what either of them is."

In other words, two of the most actively pursued problems in physics could be based in erroneous ideas about how the universe is made and how it should behave within the confines of those ideas. But even conventional theorists don’t agree with one another about dark matter and dark energy.

For example, if the universe is based on the prevailing theories of Einstein and gravity is the bending of time and space around any object with mass, then dark matter and dark energy are merely illusions. The misunderstanding of Einstein’s space/time curvature has necessitated the creation of a new effect because the application of the theory is incorrect. That idea was first suggested in 2006 by a team of Italian researchers who analyzed rotational curves from several galaxies and thought that dark matter and dark energy were not necessary with their new approach.

Even so, there is no need to resort to a super-application of Relativity Theory in order to understand why the required percentages of dark matter and dark energy are so familiar. It is often written in the popular press that dark matter makes up “25% of the universe” or that dark energy makes up “75% of the rest of the universe”. To anyone familiar with plasma physics, it is well known that plasma makes up 99.99% of the universe. It is a fascinating convergence that the amount of gravitational mass invented to save conventional theory is the same as the amount of ionized plasma that is overlooked. Perhaps the theoreticians should look to a science that is basic and foundational rather than inventing brand new sciences and arguing about which is more feasible.

From the perspective of the Electric Universe theory electric currents drive the galaxies and their associated stars. It has been demonstrated in laboratory experiments that twin Birkeland current filaments can create structures that resemble spiral galaxies in the magnetic vortices at their intersection. The Birkeland currents have a longer-range attractive force than gravity – diminishing with the reciprocal of the distance from the current axis – which could account for the anomalous movement of stars as they revolve around the galactic core.

So, it is the movement of electricity through plasma in space that tends to initiate the effects that we can observe with space-based telescopes and confirm in ground-based research laboratories. It is the electric currents in the cosmos and their associated magnetic fields that should be our focus and not the search for the undetectable.

By Stephen Smith


Please visit our new "Thunderblog" page

Through the initiative of managing editor Dave Smith, we’ve begun the launch of a new
page called Thunderblog. Timely presentations of fact and opinion, with emphasis on
new discoveries and the explanatory power of the Electric Universe."

new: online video page

The Electric Sky and The Electric Universe available now!


Authors David Talbott and Wallace Thornhill introduce the reader to an age of planetary instability and earthshaking electrical events in ancient times. If their hypothesis is correct, it could not fail to alter many paths of scientific investigation.

More info

Professor of engineering Donald Scott systematically unravels the myths of the "Big Bang" cosmology, and he does so without resorting to black holes, dark matter, dark energy, neutron stars, magnetic "reconnection", or any other fictions needed to prop up a failed theory.

More info


In language designed for scientists and non-scientists alike, authors Wallace Thornhill and David Talbott show that even the greatest surprises of the space age are predictable patterns in an electric universe.

More info

David Talbott, Wallace Thornhill
Steve Smith, Mel Acheson
  CONTRIBUTING EDITORS: Michael Armstrong, Dwardu Cardona,
Ev Cochrane, C.J. Ransom, Don Scott, Rens van der Sluijs, Ian Tresman
  WEBMASTER: Brian Talbott

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