Feb 18, 2008
The Electric Fires of Creation
Million-degree plasma in the Orion Nebula comes not from
the kinetic excitation of cold gas, but from the electric
currents of space.
For many years
astrophysical theories of stellar and galactic development
have been relegated to the processes of mechanical action.
Everything we see and all the forces that shape the
evolution of the incredible structures we have discovered
have been attributed to the collapse of cold gas through
gravitational influence. Conventional viewpoints attribute
galaxies, stars, planets, comets and stardust itself to the
whirling vortices of compressed matter.
Compression heats gas as it is drawn together by gravity, as
the theory suggests. Clouds of hydrogen a thousands times
less dense than a puff of smoke are somehow able to elicit
an inflow toward a common center, creating a region of
increased density that coaxes even more material to collect
there and so on. Eventually, the atoms within in the gas
cloud can no longer resist the inward attraction – it falls
into the well of nuclear fusion, converting the hydrogen
into helium and releasing a self-sustaining storm of
radiation. A star is born.
In that same way, an object that emits x-rays, gamma rays
and ultra-violet light is said to result from violent
compaction when a star reaches the point where its energetic
output can no longer resist the influx of inertial mass.
Nuclear fusion has reached the end of its potential and the
stellar envelope implodes in what can be described as a
“gravity crash”. The rebound from that cataclysm forces the
star’s outer layers to explode into space, forming emission
nebulae, matter jets and bubbles of heavy elements that
expand outward for thousands of light-years.
If the star is large enough, the resulting explosive event
is described as a supernova – the star’s savage death drives
gravity waves into the gas clouds of nearby proto-stars,
compressing the hydrogen gas and beginning a secondary cycle
With the invention of more powerful telescopes and our
ability to place sensitive detection apparatus into Earth
orbit, astronomers are finding that the more simplistic
explanations from the past are in need of revision. Rather
than space being permeated with cold, dark clouds of
hydrogen gas, alone, there are vast areas where “hot plasma”
is transporting power over many parsecs.
recent announcement by the European Space Agency (ESA),
the XMM-Newton x-ray satellite observatory has revealed the
presence of “flowing plasma” at over one million Kelvin in
the Orion Nebula. The discovery was a surprise, because the
research team never expected to find such “hot gas” there.
Said Manuel Güdel, a member of the research team:
“We didn't look for it - we actually found this diffuse
emission by chance while looking at the many stellar x-ray
point sources in the field. As previous researchers have not
reported diffuse x-ray emission from such star-forming
regions but were rather arguing against its presence, we
were indeed surprised to find such prominent emission across
large regions of the nebula.” (See, Güdel, Manuel, Briggs,
Kevin R., Montmerle, Thierry, Audard, Marc, Rebull, Luisa,
and Skinner, Stephen L. “Million-Degree Plasma Pervading the
Extended Orion Nebula.” Science, Vol. 319, 18 January 2008).
The Orion Nebula is approximately 2.5 light-years in
diameter and is thought to be an active region where the
nebular gasses are condensing into stars. In fact, at last
count, over 700 new stars are said to be forming within the
nebula. Stars of all types are considered sources for x-ray
emissions (and many stars within the Orion Nebula do shine
in x-rays), but no nebula is supposed to posses the
energetic potential necessary for their production.
According to the ESA, the investigators believe that they
“know” what is producing the plasma: it is the collision of
“high velocity winds emitted by stars”. In other words, the
flurries of gas blowing off the stars in the heart of the
nebula induce heat through kinetic “shock waves” that raises
the temperature in the environment to millions of degrees.
Once again, although conventional scientists use the term
“plasma” they really mean hot gas with no reference to an
As the XMM-Newton scientists said: “The hot gas and the
X-rays that it emits interact with the cool, molecular
environment in which stars form. It may influence the
environment of stars – for example, circumstellar accretion
disks in which planets form – by contributing to the
ionization of those disks. Such effects need further study,
No further study is required when one considers the Electric
Star hypothesis, however. Instead of mechanical action
(heated gas), the Orion Nebula’s radiant emanations are due
to a boost in the current that powers the central stars. The
electrical sheath that is normally invisible receives
additional input from the galactic Birkeland currents in
which it is immersed and gets pushed into the "glow"
discharge state. The increased flux density pulls matter
from the star and from the surrounding space into filaments
that ignite the nebular gasses electrically.
The idea that gas can be heated until it gives off x-rays
without any electrical effects, or that a “wind” of ionized
particles is not an electric current, or that the only way
to accelerate ions is through mechanical shock is frankly
ludicrous. It betrays a desire to hold on to outmoded
theories despite the evidence of observations.
“Sometimes I think that astronomy is not so much a science
as a series of scandals.”
--- Halton Arp.
Written by Stephen Smith from an idea suggested by Milt Hays
Please visit our new "Thunderblog" page
Through the initiative of managing
editor Dave Smith, we’ve begun the launch of a new
presentations of fact and opinion, with emphasis on
and the explanatory power of the Electric Universe."
new: online video page
The Electric Sky and The Electric Universe