I am in agreement with the above but would like to speak about the other DOUBLE LAYER in our solar system; our sun itself.the Sun’s heliospheric boundary is a double layer “cocoon”, isolating it from galactic plasmas flowing through the Interstellar Medium. Voltage differences occur within the heliosphere, so the Sun experiences charge/discharge phenomena related to variable electrical input from the Milky Way. Therefore, sunspots and flares most likely derive from changes in its electrical supply, indicating variable input from its galactic circuit.
Dr Scott in his book The Electric Sky describes a double layer in the chromosphere.
And again, see in his summery notes on The Electronic Sun:This chromospheric layer is approximately 2000 km wide(high) It contains a plasma double layer(DL).
Our sun is basically a double layered plasma structure.
The double layer(DL) in the chromosphere separates the two main plasma areas.
The top of the inner plasma is the photosphere.
Above the chromosphere, the outer plasma is the corona.
For some reason the EU community has not focused on this.
No one has said: "The chromosphere IS the double layer(DL) in the sun."
Also, we have not found, in any detail, the solar electric "circuit" beyond general statements
about the anode (or cathode?) sun discharging to the heliospheric boundary.
I have found it hard to follow the discussion in Ralph Juergens 1979 paper here:
https://www.kronos-press.com/juergens/1 ... ergens.pdf
He speaks of a plasma sheath at the anode, but under the tufts and many other details, but I get lost.
Plasma forms double layers.
How do these things work ?