Nature of the Neanderthal: video with Greg Jay

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Xuxalina Rihhia
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Nature of the Neanderthal: video with Greg Jay

Unread post by Xuxalina Rihhia » Wed Jan 01, 2020 2:54 am

In a flying saucer I ride. Nothing down below can hide!

Hey, what can I say?

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Xuxalina Rihhia
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Re: Nature of the Neanderthal: video with Greg Jay

Unread post by Xuxalina Rihhia » Mon Jan 13, 2020 1:43 am

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mZbmywzGAVs
Neanderthal: profile of a super-predator.

They were carnivorous apes with stone knives and stone-tipped spears.
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Xuxalina Rihhia
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Re: Nature of the Neanderthal: video with Greg Jay

Unread post by Xuxalina Rihhia » Fri Aug 07, 2020 11:26 am

https://scontent-frt3-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/ ... e=5F2F9A3B

A fine painting of what Neanderthals must have looked like during the Purple Dawn Era of Earth.
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Xuxalina Rihhia
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Re: Nature of the Neanderthal: video with Greg Jay

Unread post by Xuxalina Rihhia » Wed Aug 26, 2020 5:14 am

https://mysteriousuniverse.org/2016/03/ ... -starters/

https://mysteriousuniverse.org/2019/08/ ... -believed/

It seems as though the incredibly difficult tar-based glue that Neanderthals made wasn’t so difficult to make after all. It was previously thought that the glue – which they made from birch tree bark – had to be created in oxygen-free environments in order to preserve some of the chemicals of the burnt bark. However, new studies have shown that the glue wasn’t as hard to make as was once thought.

Researchers discovered that they could just as easily create the glue in the open air and it was even stronger than if they would have made it in an oxygen-free environment. They recreated the glue by setting some birch bark on fire, and then they placed a stone next to the fire so that the flames licked the side of the rock. After about three hours of burning the bark onto the rock, they had enough tar that they could scrape off and use to glue a flint flake to a wooden handle. Then they used the tool to scrape some wood as well as take some flesh off of a calf bone and incredibly enough, the tool remained glued together throughout both activities.
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tholden
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Re: Nature of the Neanderthal: video with Greg Jay

Unread post by tholden » Thu Sep 24, 2020 9:44 pm

Jill Holod's Neanderthal Reconstruction:

http://www.bearfabrique.org/jillneanderjpeg.jpg


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Xuxalina Rihhia
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Re: Nature of the Neanderthal: video with Greg Jay

Unread post by Xuxalina Rihhia » Thu Oct 29, 2020 3:15 am

That's a good image of what Neanderthals most likely looked like and acted. I hope to see a bigger version of that picture.
I also miss your old forum as well. I hope you are doing well these days.
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Xuxalina Rihhia
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Re: Nature of the Neanderthal: video with Greg Jay

Unread post by Xuxalina Rihhia » Thu Jul 29, 2021 4:13 am

http://www.sci-news.com/archaeology/hoh ... 09905.html


Neanderthals Hunted with Leaf-Shaped Spears, Archaeologists Say
Jul 28, 2021 by News Staff / Source

Archaeologists say they have found a 65,000-year-old leaf point in a cave in the Swabian Jura, Germany.
The 65,000-year-old leaf point from Hohle Fels Cave, Germany. Image credit: University of Tübingen.

The 65,000-year-old leaf point from Hohle Fels Cave, Germany. Image credit: University of Tübingen.

“This discovery represents the first time a leaf point has been recovered from a modern excavation, allowing us to study the fresh find with state-of-the-art methods,” said Professor Nicholas Conard, a researcher at the University of Tübingen and the Senckenberg Centre for Human Evolution and Palaeoenvironment.

“The last time archaeologists in the region recovered such artifacts was in 1936.”

The leaf point was found at the archaeological site of Hohle Fels, a cave in the Swabian Jura of Germany.

The artifact is 7.6 cm (3 inches) long, 4.1 cm (1.6 inches) wide, 0.9 cm (0.35 inches) thick, and has a mass of 28 grams.

“Our results document how the tool was made, used and why it was discarded,” Professor Conard said.

“Thanks to a series of four ESR-dates the find is securely dated to over 65,000 years ago.”

“Until now finds of leaf points were interpreted as belonging to the period between 45,000 and 55,000 years ago — the last cultural phase of Neanderthals in Central Europe,” he added.

“The new results demonstrate that our assumptions about the dating of the cultural groups of the late Neanderthals were wrong and need revision.”

Using detailed microscopic analyses, the researchers found that the leaf point was mounted on a wooden shaft.

“Damage to the tip indicates that the artifact was used as a hafted spear point, and that the spear was likely thrust into prey rather than being thrown,” they said.

“Neanderthals used plant-based glue and bindings made from plant fibers, sinew, or leather, to secure the leaf point to the spear.”

“They clearly used the spear for hunting. While they re-sharpened the tool it broke, leading to its discard.”

“Neanderthals were expert stone knappers and knew exactly how to make and use complex technologies combining multiple parts and materials to produce and maintain deadly weapons,” said Dr. Veerle Rots, a researcher at the University of Liège.

“"Homo" heidelbergensis, [a bipedal ape, similar to the Neanderthals] used sharpened wooden spears for hunting too, but their spears lacked mounted stone points like those used by Neanderthals.” [Chimpanzees can manufacture small spears to hunt for bushbabies in the jungles of Africa. They use their teeth to sharpen the spears. They then look for hollows and holes where bushbabies might be hiding, spear them and then eat them.]

The team’s results appear in two papers in the journal Archäologische Ausgrabungen in Baden-Württemberg and the journal Mitteilungen der Gesellschaft für Urgeschichte.

_____

Nicholas J. Conard & Alexander Janas. Ausgrabungen im Hohle Fels: Fundschichten aus dem Mittelpaläolithikum und Neues zur Jagdtechnik der Neandertaler. Archäologische Ausgrabungen in Baden-Württemberg 2020: 60-65

Veerle Rots et al. 2021. A Leaf Point Documents Hunting with Spears in the Middle Paleolithic at Hohle Fels, Germany / Eine Blattspitze belegt die Jagd mit Speeren im Mittelpaläolithikum am Hohle Fels, Deutschland. Mitteilungen der Gesellschaft für Urgeschichte 30: 1-28
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