by jacmac » Fri Jun 19, 2020 2:46 pm
Our sun is basically a double layered plasma structure.
The double layer(DL) in the chromosphere separates the two main plasma areas.
The top of the inner plasma is the photosphere.
Above the chromosphere, the outer plasma is the corona.
For some reason the EU community has not focused on this.
No one has said: "The chromosphere IS the double layer(DL) in the sun."
In my view, the plasma double layers surrounding the sun are nested. The heliosheath, which separates the sun's plasma environment from the interstellar magnetic field, is the most important one.
The evidence of the presence of a plasma double layer is accelerated particles.
A double layer is a structure in a plasma and consists of two parallel layers with opposite electrical charge. The sheets of charge cause a strong electric field and a correspondingly sharp change in voltage (electrical potential) across the double layer. Ions and electrons which enter the double layer are accelerated, decelerated, or reflected by the electric field.
This means that the heliosheath/double layer accelerates, decelerates or reflects the charged particles it encounters as it moves through the Galaxy.
The two main implications of this are that some of the solar wind that reaches the heliosheath is accelerated, and this is a source of Cosmic Rays on the other side. The double layer sheaths surrounding other stars would also be sources of Cosmic Rays by the same mechanism.
The second function of the heliosheath is that it scavenges up charged particles and these begin their journey to power the Electric Sun. In Stephen Smith's case it is collecting the electrons which constantly drift in a radial field towards the anode sun.
But I think you are right to say that there is evidence of a double layer or two closer in. Look at the transition region of the sun.
http://solar.physics.montana.edu/YPOP/S ... sgraph.gif
That sudden change in temperature may indicate the presence of a double layer, accelerating those ions in and out. Earth has a similar change in temperature in its upper atmosphere, along with several other boundary layers which are electrical in nature. (In fact there are temperature inversion layers everywhere you look.)
When the article "Shine On" uses the word "isolating" it is understood as modifying, but not canceling, the plasma double sheath, which by definition accelerates ions; it cannot be understood as shielding ions or isolating the sun from charged particles outside the sheath.