Stacking gnomes on top of gnomes to build the mainstream's model of the universe

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Expand view Topic review: Stacking gnomes on top of gnomes to build the mainstream's model of the universe

Re: Stacking gnomes on top of gnomes to build the mainstream's model of the universe

by BeAChooser » Sun Sep 19, 2021 2:21 am

When you start with ridiculous theories and don’t find what you expected to find, but your job depends on it, then if you’re a modern astrophysicist, you come up with even more ridiculous theories to explain that failure. Examples … “There is no dark matter. Instead, information has mass, physicist says” ... rk-energy/ “So … What If Aliens’ Quantum Computers Explain Dark Energy?” ... balls.html “Is dark matter made of 'Fermi balls' forged in the Big Bang? The mysterious matter may have come from quantum bags that got squished together in the early universe.” ... anets.html “Dark matter could be destroying itself inside the bellies of exoplanets” ... stery.html “'Gravity portals' could morph dark matter into ordinary matter, astrophysicists propose” ... eoretical/ “Is dark matter just made of “antimatter nuggets”?” ... study-says “No dark energy needed, just dark matter with a magnetic force new study says”

Just staying ...

Stacking gnomes on top of gnomes to build the mainstream's model of the universe

by BeAChooser » Sat Sep 18, 2021 1:19 am ... -universe/
Blindingly bright black holes could help cosmologists see deeper into the universe’s past

… snip …

In recent decades, the gold standard for measuring vast distances has been one variety of stellar explosion: the type 1a supernova. … snip … These so-called “standard candles” have revealed that the universe is expanding faster and faster, implying that a mysterious “dark energy” is driving galaxies apart. 

But individual stars, even exploding ones, eventually peter out as astronomers peer deeper into the darkness. With current telescopes, researchers can’t see type 1a supernovae beyond nine to ten billion years ago (because light takes billions of years to reach earth, looking out into space also means looking back in time.) Without any visible supernovae, cosmologists—researchers who specifically study the evolution of the cosmos as a whole—are left largely in the dark as to what went on during the universe’s first four billion years. 

A new standard candle

That’s where quasars come in. … snip … Since astronomers can pick out the blaze of quasars during the universe’s first billion years, could these objects serve as brighter, more penetrating standard candles? 

Some astronomers believe that they can, thanks to one crucial property. Quasars pump out ultraviolet light, and some of these ultraviolet rays smash into a surrounding cloud of hot electrons, unleashing higher energy X-rays. Because the ultraviolet light makes X-rays in a predictable way, a quasar’s X-ray brightness is tied to its ultraviolet brightness in a fixed manner, no matter how far away the galaxy is.  By comparing the ultraviolet and X-ray emissions with how bright or dim a quasar appears overall, astronomers can use it as a cosmic mile marker. 
The problem with this is that the distances they now believe for quasars are based on a host of assumptions. And they assume what a quasar is … they don’t really know. They assume that it’s only distance that causes redshift, even though scientists have now proven there are scores of ways redshift can occur and some of those, plasma cosmologists say, are responsible for much of the redshift observed. They assume that quasars are jets coming from black holes, when in fact plasma cosmologists have offered other explanation for these jets that have not been debunked. In fact, a good case can be made from observations of galaxies and quasars that many high redshift quasars are actually associated with much closer galaxies ... in other words, much closer than their redshift, using the other assumption, would suggest. Halton Arp developed a whole theory about what was in reality happening, which has not been debunked because the observations fit his model, not theirs.

The mainstream's model is truly a house of cards waiting to collapse.