Windy Galaxies

"Merging galaxies" NGC 2207 and IC 2163

"Merging galaxies" NGC 2207 and IC 2163. Credit: ESO

 

Nov 1, 2011

Winds and shockwaves are often used to describe phenomena in the cosmos because plasma behaves in unfamiliar ways.

According to a recent press release, The European Space Agency’s orbiting telescope Herschel has observed “molecular gas gusting at high velocities” from galaxies that appear to be merging. In some instances, the gas is being driven to velocities exceeding 1000 kilometers per second. Traveling at that speed, the United States is about fives seconds across from coast to coast.

As the announcement goes on to state, “powerful, storm-like processes” are taking place. These storms are said to be initiated by the black holes within each galaxy as the two come together. Another theory is that supernova explosions take place that are sufficient to blow away almost the entire volume of gas in a galaxy. Star formation, with its assumed attendant high frequency radiation, creating the blasts of galactic energy is another.

Since the idea that electricity flows through the Universe is commonly met with resistance by today’s consensus, its influence and attributes are unseen. It has long been said that “seeing is believing.” However, it should not be surprising that “believing is seeing” appears to be more apt. When there is no inner experience, outer realities can often remain invisible.

From gamma-rays down through X-rays and extreme ultraviolet, conventional theories have relied on gravity and acceleration for radiation to be produced in space. Compressing hydrogen gas and dust is supposed to create enough transfer of momentum that the gas reaches million degree temperatures. It is the high temperature of the gas that is supposed to make it glow so brightly.

For example, the CHANDRA X-ray Telescope found eruptions of charged material pouring out of the Crab Nebula, emitting X-rays as they go. In another announcement, astronomers reported that two giant stars in Eta Carinae were blowing off “intense winds.” The winds are so powerful that the collision of the wave fronts is thought to be generating X-rays where the shells intersect.

All of these effects are supposed to be due to kinetic shock, even though the researchers acknowledge that the observed “wind” is ionized particles. Despite that understanding, researchers persist in the use of “billiard ball physics”: as electrons bounce back and forth in the magnetic fields they accelerate until they impact low-frequency photons, imparting so much energy that they become X-rays.

From the Electric Universe perspective, those magnetic fields do accelerate electrons, but since the electrons spiral in the field, they emit synchrotron radiation. To the detectors observing stars, synchrotron radiation can be in the form of X-rays or gamma-rays.

Electric currents surge out along galactic spin axes, forming double layers that can sometimes be seen as radio or X-ray “lobes.” The currents spread out around the galactic circumference, flowing back to the core along the spiral arms. All the elements in a galactic circuit radiate energy. That energetic radiance shows that they are powered by larger circuits. Galaxies occur in strings, and the extent of the larger circuits may be traced by radio telescopes from their polarized radio “noise.” It seems apparent that we will never be able to observe them, since they are far too large and diffuse.

Plasma’s behavior is governed by those circuits. Double layers with large potential voltages between them often exist. The electric forces in double layer filaments can be much stronger than gravity. Those filaments can also have different temperatures or densities. Double layers broadcast radio waves over a wide range of frequencies. They can sort galactic gas and dust and then condense it. Most significant to the ESA bulletin, they can accelerate charged particles to cosmic ray energies.

This vision of the cosmos sees various components coupled to and driven by circuits at ever larger scales. Electrons and other charged particles accelerating through intense electric fields radiate “shouts” of energy in many bandwidths. The power of those currents can sweep up neutral gas and dust as they move through a galaxy.

Stephen Smith

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