This is Fluid cavitation using steam.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Blown ... _joint.jpg
This is Fluid cavitation using plasma.
http://www.plasma-universe.com/index.ph ... -white.jpg
Each of these are Fluids undergoing cavitation.
Seeing Down Tunnels
http://www.thunderbolts.info/tpod/2009/ ... unnels.htm
The Cat's Eye Catspaw
http://www.thunderbolts.info/tpod/2009/ ... atseye.htm
Double Layer Detonation
http://www.thunderbolts.info/tpod/2009/ ... nation.htm
When Winds Collide
http://www.thunderbolts.info/tpod/2009/ ... ollide.htm
This is Fluids:
http://www.plasma-universe.com/index.ph ... lamp_2.jpg
Watch these videos and realize that you are watching Fluids in action.
Ultrasonic Cavitation (hielscher.com)
Chladni Patterns on a Square Plate
Vibration Creates Form
Now, hold in your mind the fact that understanding Fluid Mechanics is essential to understanding the Universe, then read these two TPODs and tell me there is a chance in hell that anyone in the EU group will ever bother to learn Fluid Mechanics.
Dark Matter Recreations Part One
http://www.thunderbolts.info/tpod/2009/ ... ations.htm
Dark Matter Recreations Part Two
http://www.thunderbolts.info/tpod/2009/ ... tions2.htm
The statement above is so deeply wrong.The intracluster plasma is not fluid-like, it is a plasma.
Ben Franklin moved the study of electricity forward because he focused the discussion in terms used by Fluid Mechanics: flow, current, resistance, etc... Prior to that, each person studying electricity made up their own words, and terms, so no one had a common basis for building the knowledge base. No one could understand, much less agree on, what those new terms even meant. Only by using terms that everyone could agree on--using Fluid Mechanics--were they able to move forward and turn Electricity from a parlor trick into Engineering.Plasmas was first identified in a discharge tube (or Crookes tube), and so described by Sir William Crookes in 1879 (he called it "radiant matter"). The nature of the Crookes tube "cathode ray" matter was subsequently identified by British physicist Sir J.J. Thomson in 1897, and dubbed "plasma" by Irving Langmuir in 1928 , perhaps because it reminded him of a blood plasma. Langmuir wrote:"Except near the electrodes, where there are sheaths containing very few electrons, the ionized gas contains ions and electrons in about equal numbers so that the resultant space charge is very small. We shall use the name plasma to describe this region containing balanced charges of ions and electrons."
The problem with the EU/Plasma cosmology people is that they are making the same mistake by using unfamiliar jargon rather than building on existing Fluids models the way Franklin did. They use jargon like: Birkeland currents, z-pinch, etc... The TPODs demonstrate that they have gone so far in leaving Fluid Mechanics behind--thus leaving Electricity's roots behind--that they have forgotten where the word "plasma" even came from.
In the latest TPOD, and many other essays, the gravity cosmology people are attacked by the EU group because of their using Fluid Mechanics to describe galactic events.
- Both the gravity cosmology group and the EU group are wrong, because neither side understands Fluid Mechanics.
Simply because both sides are misusing the term "Fluid Mechanics", doesn't mean the various models developed in Fluid Mechanics are invalid to understanding plasma cosmology. You just have to use the right model for the right plasma event.
Here is the latest edition of the book I used in college three decades ago.
Elementary Fluid Mechanics, 7th Edition
http://www.amazon.com/Elementary-Fluid- ... ef=ed_oe_h
BTW, I paid less than $20 for my copy in the mid 70s, now it's $142, yikes!!
If you want to look at Wikipedia instead of buying the book, the Fluids pages are still valid. No one has gone through and censored them, yet. I will put a list of Tabs I have about Fluid Mechanics on Wikipedia in the next post.
When you look through these pages realize that we know so little about plasma, yet we know so much about Fluids. And understand, no matter what any EU dogma my say otherwise, Plasma = Fluids. Understand one, and you understand the other.
To a Civil Engineer, everything is a Fluid. Everything.