Why the water refused to rise in the flow return pipe after it became highly charged with etheric energy (diamagnetism) is still a mystery.
Is diamagnetism the key to understanding magnetic monopoles and dipole anti(gravity)? Diamagnetism is supposed to attract negative electricity (Keely's negative attractive force?). We have the electrostatic repulsive force. Could there be an "inverse force" such as "magnetostatic induction"? Its analog would be electrostatic induction?
CAN GRAVITY be INDUCED?
The Sun is inducing gravity without a corresponding quantity of mass. This phenomenon is brought about by a plasma in a magnetically unified state; a magnetically sustained 'non-space', an absolute vacuum held in place by the photospheric plasma shell.
Non-space is an absolute vacuum which induces gravity. This causes the exterior mass/energy space to gravitationally implode upon non-space. Any given volume of non-space has a temperature of absolute zero and is without time.
I believe that a magnetic field can exist in non-space, because it is a manifestation of mass/energy, but is not mass/energy in itself.
It is my contention that when plasma particles of the same charge interact within a unified magnetic field, they fly apart leaving non- space in their wake. The 'nothing' left behind is a rip in the fabric of mass/energy/space and gravity is induced without a corresponding quantity of mass.
http://www.mariner.connectfree.co.uk/ht ... ertia.html
Have you ever thought “If an electron induces a magnetic field when it moves, and magnetic fields contain energy, where does the energy to create this field come from?”
It comes from the force that accelerated the electron from rest - the work done in accelerating it (as the integral of the force over the distance) directly creates the energy of the induced field. Another way of saying this is that part of the electron’s inertia comes from supplying energy to the induced magnetic field.
We do not know the fine detail of the electron’s electric field structure, only the way it falls off as the square of the distance when we are some way away from the electron (in terms of the electron size). So it is easier to deal with the inertia of simple electromagnetic fields.
Electrostatic and magnetostatic fields exhibit inertial properties, but it is fair to say that there are issues awaiting resolution.
The phenomenon of inductance is clear proof that the electric field of a moving electron has inertia.
Electrostatic inertia is associated with the concept of inductance, used in electric circuits; creating the magnetic field in an inductor takes energy that must be supplied by the external electromotive source. This energy is ‘L.I2/2’, where ‘L’ is the inductance and ‘I’ is the current; the current is simply a count of the moving electrons, and hence is proportional to the total moving electrostatic field.
In order to make higher inductances the wires are formed in a loop or coil so that the induced magnetic fields from different electrons overlap and add. The electric fields from electrons in adjacent loops add linearly, so the energy involved increases as the square. This is why inductance ‘L’ is proportional to the square of the number of turns in the loop, and is clear proof that the electric field of the electron has inertia.
When current is flowing in a circuit through an inductor, and the circuit is suddenly broken open, a spark will jump across the break. This is caused by the augmented inertia associated with the electrons’ overlapping electric fields - they cannot stop dead, but have to dissipate their induced magnetic energy. This is a clear demonstration that an electron’s inertia owes much to its elecrostatic field.
Adding a ferrous core to such a coil increases the induced magnetic field dramatically, leading to much increased induced inertia.
The Electro-Magnetic Radiation Pressure (EMRP) Gravity Theory
It is hereby proposed that extremely high frequency, electromagnetic waves sourced by diffuse unpolarized cosmic waves in the upper gamma frequency spectrum, sometimes also referred to as zero point energy pervades all space. Radiation pressure imbalance of such highly penetrating extragalactic incoming radiation, acting through all matter is held responsible for pushing matter together.
Despite the precise predictions of the equations of gravity when compared to experimental measurements, no one yet understands its connections with any other of the known forces. We also know that the equations for gravitational forces between two masses are VERY similar to those for electrical forces between charges, but we wonder why.
We learn that electrostatic forces are generated by charges, gravitational forces are generated by masses, and magnetic fields are generated by magnetic poles.
Quoting professor Clerk Maxwell from his Electrodynamics theory, we read 'After tracing to the action of the surrounding medium both the magnetic and the electric attractions and repulsions, and finding them to depend on the inverse square of the distance, we are naturally led to inquire whether the attraction of gravitation, which follows the same law of the distance, is not also traceable to the action of a surrounding medium. Gravitation differs from magnetism and electricity in this; that the bodies concerned are all of the same kind, instead of being opposite signs, like magnetic poles and electrified bodies, and that the force between these bodies is an attraction and not a repulsion as is the case between like charges and magnetic bodies.
In his work we read: 'The lines of gravitating force near two dense bodies are exactly of the same form as the lines of magnetic force near two poles of the same name; but whereas the poles are repelled, the bodies are attracted. The intrinsic energy of the field of gravitation must therefore be less wherever there is a resultant gravitating force.
As energy is essentially positive, it is impossible for any part of space to have negative intrinsic energy. Hence those parts of space in which there is no resultant force, such as the points of equilibrium in the space between the different bodies of a system, and within the substance of each body, must have an intrinsic energy per unit volume greater than (1/8 π)R2, where R is the greatest possible value of the intensity of gravitating force in any part of the universe. The assumption, therefore, that gravitation arises from the action of the surrounding medium in the way pointed out, leads to the conclusion that every part of this medium possesses, when undisturbed, an enormous intrinsic energy, and that the presence of dense bodies influences the medium so as to diminish this energy wherever there is a resultant attraction'.
Dipole antigravity animation
http://galileo.phys.virginia.edu/classe ... tdipol.mov
That "the three dimensional vortex called the logarithmic spiral is the shape of water going down a drain, a tornado, a hurricane, a rams horn which, when played as an instrument, has two basic notes separated by a fifth musical note, atomic centers and galactic nebulas, possibly the entire universe".
"Atoms are nothing more than vortical patterns of energy, where a vortex is a three dimensional spiral. Growth patterns of shells and horns are nearly always spiral or vortical in form, possibly growing along some natural energy pattern".
"Synchrotron radiation occurs when electrons spiral into a magnetic field.
That "the logarithmic spiral is based on a cycloid curve.
He believed that there existed one universal energy that manifests as dual forces depending on its polarity-
Pressure or Radiation leads to centrifugal motion (from the center, explosive), heat, friction and gravity
Attraction or Suction leads to centripital motion (toward the center, implosive), cooling and levitation.
"The term diamagnetism was applied by Schauberger to the attractive or centripital force".
Energy set in motion in a vortex pattern is self-sustaining once it achieves its critical velocity, which may mean the same thing as becoming resonant with some current of force such as gravity".
"Implosion of the water stream occurred for the same reason; namely, the added energy current being drawn into the water vortex along its path was sufficient to 'push' the water away from the wall of the water guide and cause the pressure on the walls to drop to zero.
Why the water refused to rise in the flow return pipe after it became highly charged with etheric energy (diamagnetism) is still a mystery. It is possible that once the water atoms became purified and completely saturated with etheric energy they no longer offered any resistance to the flow of etheric energy through them. Thus, there was nothing for the polar flow to 'push' against and sustain the water flow. When the charged energy was drawn off by the collectors, the charge on the atoms remained below a certain threshold and they still offered sufficient resistance to the polar flow to sustain the vortex implosion motion".
Now the question is "where is the energy located due to this charge?" The conventional wisdom generally conveyed in the text books is that the energy is in the entire space of the electric field created by the charge Q.
This misconception has created a huge misunderstanding in the physics of electricity and magnetism. In fact, unless there is a separate electric charge nearby or in the entire space around this source charge Q, there is no EM energy in the space (outside of the conductor) due to this charge Q. Instead, the energy is within the charge Q inside the metallic sphere itself repelling each other as the electrons or the ions exert the force against each other as individual entities.
In the case of the concentric spherical capacitor, the electric field in between the two shells comes only from the charges in the inner sphere. However the energy stored in this concentric configuration comes from the attractive force between this electric field and the charges in the outer sphere. So there is no increase in the strength of the electric field between the shells due to the charges in the outer sphere. It is only the additional electrostatic energy in the entire configuration that springs up.
After all, it requires two spatially separated charges in space to create an electrostatic potential energy. So, if two electrons are spatially separated in space, they will create the electrostatic potential energy.
Now the serious question is if the two electrons can be considered to be in the three dimensional space if they are within the voluminous metal (how small it may be), which is the fundamental question that has never been asked seriously in physics.
Remember the interior of the metallic conductors are free zone for the electric charges within the physical boundary. There is no restriction of the movement of the charges inside the metal. So, it is natural to expect that the two electrons will tend to be separated as far away from each other as much as possible. So the answer to the question regarding the location of the two electrons will be "far at the end of the wire".
Now the next question is "Is there any electrostatic potential energy between these two electrons?" Yes there should be.
So the energy of the electric charge Q located inside the metallic sphere is not in the space outside of the metal. The energy is inside the metal in the form of the electrostatic repulsive force.
Anomalous Center of Mass Shift: Gravitational Dipole Moment
The anomalous, energy dependent shift of the center of mass of an idealized, perfectly rigid, uniformly rotating hemispherical shell which is caused by the relativistic mass increase effect is investigated in detail. It is shown that a classical object on impact which has the harmonic binding force between the adjacent constituent particles has the similar effect of the energy dependent, anomalous shift of the center of mass. From these observations, the general mode of the linear acceleration is suggested to be caused by the anomalous center of mass shift whether it's due to classical or relativistic origin. The effect of the energy dependent center of mass shift perpendicular to the plane of rotation of a rotating hemisphere appears as the non-zero gravitational dipole moment in general relativity.
1. The strength of the force acting on an object is proportional to the anomalous center of mass shift of the object.
2. The acting force is the same as the restoring force arising from the anomalous center of mass shift
..."spin and angular momentum cancel...total momentum / magnetism is zero... when the application of a magnetic field slightly unbalances the orbital pairing of electrons, the result is "diamagnetism", when it slightly unbalances the spin pairing (only in metals), it results in a very weak paramagnetism".
7.2 Diamagnetism: Superconductivity at Room Temperature
"Suppose for the sake of argument we are presented with a plastic material that is superconducting at room temperature. How could we use it? The obvious applications mentioned in the beginning of this article immediately springs to mind, but even more exciting prospects arise from a superconductor’s "diamagnetism" or impermeability to a magnetic field. Because of the highly coordinated motion of the electrons a magnetic field cannot penetrate the interior of a superconductor.
7.3 "Paramagnetism attracts positive electricity"
"Diamagnetism attracts negative electricity".
Paramagnetism - Has magnetic permeability (attracts +).
Slightly more magnetic than a vacuum.
Ferromagnetism - Abnormally high magnetic permeability
Definite saturation point
Much residual magnetism and hysteresis
Diamagnetism- Has magnetic permeability (attracts -)
Magnetic permeability less than that of a vacuum
Negative magnetic susceptibility
Feebly repelled by a strong magnet
In common vacuum = 'Negative pressure'.
7.4 Magnecrystallic Force
This force is neither + nor -. It is found in crystals when the cells attempt to align in the structure of the crystal as building blocks. From this amazing force we can see that it is not like any polarized force; therefore, it is higher than both, or perhaps more correctly, in the middle of both + and -. The only thing between + and - seems to be neutral. Therefore this force is neutral. Neutral is sometimes called the center, as the place where gravity's 'force' is found, according to Newton. [/highlight]
Making magnetic monopoles, and other exotica, in the lab
http://www.symmetrymagazine.org/breakin ... n-the-lab/
Physicist Shou-Cheng Zhang has proposed a way to physically realize the magnetic monopole. In a paper published online in the January 29 issue of Science Express, Zhang and post-doctoral collaborator Xiao-Liang Qi predict the existence of a real-world material that acts as a magic mirror, in which the never-before-observed monopole appears as the image of an ordinary electron. If his prediction is confirmed by experiments, this could mean the opening of condensed matter as a new venue for observing the exotica of high-energy physics.
The monopole is thought of as electric charge’s magnetic cousin, but unlike positive or negative charges, north or south poles always occur together in what’s called a dipole. A lone north or south pole simply doesn’t show up in the real world. Even if you take a bar magnet and cut it in half down the middle, you won’t get a separate north and south pole, but two new dipole magnets instead. For symmetry-minded theorists, however, it’s natural that there should be a magnetic equivalent of charge. String theories and grand unified theories rely on its existence, and its absence undermines the mathematical feng-shui of the otherwise elegant Maxwell’s equations that govern the behavior of electricity and magnetism. What’s more, the existence of a magnetic monopole would explain another mystery of physics: why charge is quantized; that is, why it only seems to come in tidy packets of about 1.602×10–19 coulombs, the charge of an electron or proton.
To understand how a material can act like a magnetic monopole, it helps to examine first how an ordinary metal acts when a charge—an electron, say—is brought close to the surface. Because like charges repel, the electrons at the surface retreat to the interior, leaving the previously neutral surface positively charged. The resulting electric field looks exactly like that of a particle with positive charge the same distance below the surface—it’s the positive mirror image of the electron. In fact, from an observer’s point of view, it’s impossible to tell the difference.
Zhang discovered, due to a peculiarity of the material called strong spin-orbit coupling, the nearby electron would induce a current in the surface that circulates constantly without dying out. This in turn would create a magnetic field that looks like that of a magnetic monopole.
A Diamagnetic Theory
I was watching a Newton's Cradle swing back and forth and it made me think: Is there another way to do this?
I thought of several ways to do this, but my favorite was the magnetic concept.
Around this time I discovered that magnetic spheres are polarized so that "North" and "South" were on opposite ends. This would give the concept a fifty percent chance of working with each roll, and I wanted it to be full proof.
Browsing around the internet, I heard about a special type of magnet, a diamagnet that would repel all other magnets, no matter the charge. I heard bismuth was the strongest of the above, so I am currently using it in the design.
Magnetism of Matter: Maxwell's Equations
http://www.sci.sdsu.edu/classes/physics ... t.011.html
•Each electron in an atom has both a spin and an orbital magnetic moment
•These combine vectorially to produce a total magnetic moment for each electron
•The magnetic moments of the electrons within an atom combine vectorially to produce a total magnetic moment of the atom
•And finally, the magnetic moments of the atoms within a substance combine vectorially to produce an overall magnetic moment for the substance
•Diamagnetism is similar to electrostatic polarization of a dielectric in that the induced magnetic moment tends to oppose the field that creates it.
•Paramagnetism is created when atoms with permanent dipole moments tend to align with an external magnetic field; the resulting field is greater that of the external magnetic field
• Ferromagnetism is similar to paramagnetism except much stronger and occurs primarily in iron, nickel, cobalt
•Diamagnetic materials do not have permanent dipole moments
•Diamagnetism is the weakest of the three types of magnetism in materials
•All materials exhibit diamagnetism but it is overwhelmed in paramagnetic and ferromagnetic materials
•Diamagnetism arises because the dipole moments induced in atoms tend to line up opposite of the direction of the external magnetic field that created them. Diamagnetic materials thus weaken the external field
http://www.facebook.com/pages/Diamagnet ... 2722192984
If a powerful magnet (such as a supermagnet) is covered with a layer of water (that is thin compared to the diameter of the magnet) then the field of the magnet significantly repels the water. This causes a slight dimple in the water's surface that may be seen by its reflection.
Diamagnets may be levitated in stable equilibrium in a magnetic field, with no power consumption. Earnshaw's theorem seems to preclude the possibility of static magnetic levitation. However, Earnshaw's theorem only applies to objects with positive moments, such as ferromagnets (which have a permanent positive moment) and paramagnets (which induce a positive moment). These are attracted to field maxima, which do not exist in free space. Diamagnets (which induce a negative moment) are attracted to field minima, and there can be a field minimum in free space.
Magnetic monopole arises when magnets repel each other.
http://www.energeticforum.com/renewable ... her-2.html
Why do you suppose Bismuth increase in volume upon solidification like water?
It is the most diamagnetic of metals and has the second lowest thermal conductivity.
Connect the Dots ... Heat & Magnetic relationship.
Fire/flame is diamagnetic. (It's heat, not the "contents" of flame)
Heat changes magnetic properties. Connect the Dots.
Heating a magnet past its Curie temperature - the molecular motion destroys the alignment of the magnetic domains. This always removes all magnetization.
Heat and magnetism effect each other, directly connected, joined at the hip.
Everything interacts via Heat with Magnetics, doesn't it.
Howard Johnson - The Secret World of Magnets
Three kinds of Amperian currents we have observed are:
1. The double vortex where opposite spins are found along side each other.
2. The double vortex where one vortex is inside the other.
3. The third form is the flat vortex.
Dr. Feynman recorded finding some of these in his Vol. 2 Physics lectures 37 - (12 - 13).
DIAMAGNETISM AND MAGNE-CEYSTALLIC ACTION
http://www.archive.org/stream/researche ... t_djvu.txt
Pliicker concluded that the magnetic deportment of a crystal, and its optical deportment, went hand in hand and that from either of them the other could be inferred. He announced the important law that negative crystals, when suspended in the magnetic field with their optic axes horizontal, took up, on the development of the magnetic force, a definite position always setting the optic axes at right angles to the direction of the magnetic force; while positive crystals, under the same influence, set their axes from pole to pole. In the latter case the axes were said to be attracted, in the former case, repelled. This was the second generalization, which embodied Pliicker's correction of his first. It is well known that in crystals one constituent can often be substituted for another, without change of external form or internal structure.
We can replace a diamagnetic atom by a magnetic one, without disturbing the molecular architecture, or the optical phenomena dependent on it. Carbonate of lime, carbonate of lime and iron, and pure carbonate of iron, are cases in point. They are all of the same rhomboidal form; they have the same cleavages which, if followed sufficiently far, would show them to possess the same molecular structure. This identity of structure makes them alike in optical character. They are all three ' negative ' crystals. But the atomic change from calcium to iron, which does not affect the optical deportment, completely reverses the magnetic deportment. This single instance suffices to invalidate Pliicker's second magnetic classification; while it also disposes of the proposition, so often repeated, that magne-crystallic action is independent of the magnetism or diamagnetism of the mass of the crystal. A host of other exceptions and considerations are, however, adduced.
The character of the diamagnetic force itself was a subject of doubt and discussion. Was it a polar force, like magnetism, or an unpolar force, like gravity? Diamagnetic repulsion obviously augmented with the strength of the operating magnet. With feeble magnets it was hardly sensible; with strong ones, especially when the more powerful diamagnetic substances like bismuth and antimony were operated on, the repulsion was very sensible indeed. Was this enhancement of the action with the rise of magnetic power due to the magnet alone? It was proved that it was not the mere matter of the diamagnetic body (to which permanence of quantity must be ascribed) that was repelled, but something which, as in the case of magnetism, rose and fell, within wide limits, in exact proportion to the rise and fall of the magnetic power.
In iron, according to the latter, the act of magnetization consists in rendering pre-existent currents wholly or partially parallel to a common plane; attraction being due to the fact that the directions of these currents are the same as those of the influencing magnet. In bismuth, according to Weber's theory, the molecular currents are not preexistent, but induced; and, in accordance with Faraday's law, are opposed in direction to the currents which excite them. Ordinary induced currents cease, in a moment, because of the resistance of the conductors through which they pass. Weber, therefore, provides his induced molecular currents with channels of no resistance in which, once started, they can permanently circulate.
Diamagnetism is a very weak form of magnetism that is only exhibited in the presence of an external magnetic field. It is the result of changes in the orbital motion of electrons due to the external magnetic field. The induced magnetic moment is very small and in a direction opposite to that of the applied field. When placed between the poles of a strong electromagnet, diamagnetic materials are attracted towards regions where the magnetic field is weak. Diamagnetism is found in all materials; however, because it is so weak it can only be observed in materials that do not exhibit other forms of magnetism. Also, diamagnetism is found in elements with paired electrons. Oxygen was once thought to be diamagnetic, but a new revised molecular orbital (MO) model confirmed oxygen's paramagnetic nature.
An exception to the "weak" nature of diamagnetism occurs with the rather large number of materials that become superconducting, something that usually happens at lowered temperatures. Superconductors are perfect diamagnets and when placed in an external magnetic field expel the field lines from their interiors (depending on field intensity and temperature). Superconductors also have zero electrical resistance, a consequence of their diamagnetism. Superconducting structures have been known to tear themselves apart with astonishing force in their attempt to escape an external field.
Like pole repel each other. If a N pole is brought close to the north pole of a second magnet a repulsive force will be felt. Similarly if a South pole is brought close to the South pole of another magnet, the two magnets will repel each other.
Unlike poles attract and will stick together.
Magnets attract iron rich materials and like poles and the repulsion between like poles can be reduced if a strip of iron is placed between them.
How can we explain these intriguing properties? The domain theory states that inside a magnet there are small regions in which the magnetic alignment of all the atoms is aligned in the same directions.
Within a domain the alignment of the magnetic direction is the same. In the next domain it may be in a completely different direction. On average over the many domains in the magnet there is no preferential direction for the magnetic force. However, using a magnet the direction of the magnetic direction in each domain can be made to point in the same direction. In this way the magnetic field can be increased.
Consider a bar magnet which has been magnetised such that the entire magnet forms a single magnetic domain. Surface charges will appear at either end of the crystal. Associated with the surface charges is a secondary magnetic field called the demagnetising field which acts to reduce the magnetic field. The energy of the surface charges is called the magnetostatic energy.
The magnetostatic energy can be reduced if the crystal forms a second domain, magnetised in the opposite direction. In this way, the separation of positive and negative surface charges is reduced decreasing the spatial extent of the demagnetising field.
Naturally, one might ask, if the magnetostatic energy is reduced by the formation of domains, can they carry on forming indefinitely? To which the answer is no. The reason being that energy is required to produce and maintain the region of transition from one domain to another, the domain wall. Equilibrium will be reached when the magnetostatic energy is equal to the energy required to maintain the domain walls. However, domains are much larger than the individual molecules within the magnet.
Observation of domain boundary movement under the influence of applied magnetic fields has aided in the development of theoretical treatments. It has been demonstrated that the formation of domains minimizes the magnetic contribution to the free energy.
In addition to the magnetic dipole moment of the electrons, the fact that the electrons orbit around the nucleus give rise to a second magnetic field produced by the moving charge around the nucleus.
Ferri magentic material has two sets of magnetic dipole moments pointing in opposite directions. The magnetic moments do not cancel each other out because the dipole moment in one direction is smaller than the other.
Diamagnetic materials are composed of atoms that have no net magnetic moments. However, when exposed to a field a weak negative magnetisation is produced which causes repulsion instead of attraction.
Contrary to normal experience, some theoretical physics models predict the existence of Magnetic monopoles. Paul Dirac observed in 1931 that, because electrical theory and magnetic theory show a certain symmetry, just as quantum theory predicts that individual positive or negative electric charges can be observed without the opposing charge, isolated South or North magnetic poles should be observable. In practice, however, although charged particles like protons and electrons can be easily isolated as individual electrical charges, magnetic south and north poles do not appear in isolation. Using quantum theory Dirac showed that if magnetic monopoles exist, then one could explain why the observed elementary particles carry charges that are integral multiples of the charge of the electron. Quarks carry fractional electric charge, but they do not appear as free particles.
Earth’s Magnetic Field
http://geophysics.ou.edu/solid_earth/no ... /earth.htm
By convention, the "north-seeking" pole corresponding to that at the north end of a compass needle is called the positive pole, and the "south-seeking" pole is referred to as the negative pole The lines of force are directed outward from a positive (i.e., north) pole and inward to a negative (i.e., south) pole."
Note that this means the Earth's north magnetic pole is a negative pole, because the positive "north-seeking" end of a compass needle is attracted toward it. The lines of force referred to would be the force on a positive "test monopole" of unit strength.