Your case for exotic matter is only as good as the accuracy of your ability to estimate the amount of baryonic matter in a given distant galaxy. We didn't even know the location of the majority of the baryonic mass of our own galaxy until 2012 and 2017 when we finally realized that our own galaxy was surrounded by a vast halo of hydrogen gas and hot plasma which is located exactly where your "dark matter" models insist it must be located. The fact of the matter is that your baryonic mass estimates are based on highly dubious assumptions and methods which have been repeatedly shown to be riddled with serious and numerous flaws since 2006.
There's nothing left standing over your argument about being able to determine stellar or baryonic mass of a distant galaxy based on luminosity. As a matter of fact, that 2006 study only "proved" (what a poor choice of words to use the term 'proof') that mainstream baryonic mass estimation techniques were seriously and hopelessly flawed. That's all the bullet cluster study ever "proved' and numerous later studies have verified that fact repeatedly.
If you had any serious doubts about that fact, you need look no further than the results from LHC, LUX, PandaX, etc, all of which failed to show even a hint of a problem with the standard particle physics model, *the* most successful particle physics model in the history of particle physics.
There's literally nothing left standing in terms of your exotic matter argument in 2019. We have now spent tens of billion of dollars "testing" the *non-standard* particle physics models that your so called "experts" believed were the most viable options, and they all failed miserably.
You quite literally can offer us *zero* reliable evidence to support your claim about the existence of exotic forms of matter or energy. All your claims are based entirely upon affirming the consequent fallacies that begin (and end) with the premise that your bayonic mass estimation techniques are reliable, and your interpretation of photon redshift is correct. If those "assumptions" are false, then so is your entire argument, and the baryonic mass estimate assumption has already been shown to be false in many recent studies.
There is absolutely no logical basis for clinging to a metaphysical creation mythology that is 95 percent placeholder terms for human ignorance, particularly now that the core tenets have been repeatedly shown to be false.
Wake up and smell the coffee already. It only hurts for a short while, and then the whole universe becomes open for empirical explanations that no longer hinge upon fruitless searches for exotic forms of matter and energy, and you're no longer hamstrung by metaphysical dogma.
Leave the dark side behind and allow yourself to see the light of empirical physics already.
Last edited by Michael Mozina
on Tue Jan 15, 2019 9:20 am, edited 2 times in total.