Aether, Light and Gravitation: de Climont

Beyond the boundaries of established science an avalanche of exotic ideas compete for our attention. Experts tell us that these ideas should not be permitted to take up the time of working scientists, and for the most part they are surely correct. But what about the gems in the rubble pile? By what ground-rules might we bring extraordinary new possibilities to light?

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Aether, Light and Gravitation: de Climont

Unread postby Lloyd » Mon Nov 12, 2018 11:48 am

Jean de Climont sent me an email, posted at http://www.thunderbolts.info/forum/phpBB3/viewtopic.php?f=5&p=125803#p125803 , which links to an interesting video, called "Aether, Light and Gravitation", at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5kbBOnk_pZ4&feature=youtu.be

Here is the text of the Video "Aether, Light and Gravitation"

Video - Part 1 The postulate of Maxwell
Nothing can shake the blind and pathetic faith of relativists. They consider relativistic dogmas as irrefutable truths. There are some small details that refuse to enter the sublime paradigm. Not licet esse! They can not exist. The relativists do not want to hear about the Sagnac, Esclangon, and Allais experiments, and Miller's results on the Michelson interferometer. But the most dramatic incoherence results from the discontinuous view of quantum mechanics and the continuous mathematical vision of relativity.

The electromagnetic nature of light is a pure postulate of Maxwell. He showed that the waves associated with oscillations of electric and magnetic fields propagate in a vacuum at the speed of light. Maxwell immediately thought that light is therefore electromagnetic in itself. The aim of the positivists, and therefore of Maxwell, was to find mathematical equations for all the phenomena of Nature.

In 1887 Hertz discovered the waves emitted by an electric circuit. These waves propagate at the speed of light. He thus confirmed Maxwell's theory. The problem seemed to be solved. But there was another serious problem. The Maxwell-Hertz equation is based on the belief that magnetic fields result from the motion of electrons. This equation is therefore not invariant in a Galilean reference frame change.

Video - Part 2 The magnetic field
However, the magnetic field can not result from the movement of electrons. This could be verified by measuring the magnetic field of the electron beam of a cathode ray tube before and after a 90° bend. A first sensor in front of the barrel can measure this magnetic field. But after the deflection of the electron beam at 90°, a second sensor identical to the first would no longer measure any magnetic field while the electrons pass through it as the first sensor.

This would be proof that the magnetic field can not result from the movement of electrons. Several tests have been performed in recent years using an electron gun from a Perrin tube dedicated to teaching. It was introduced into a 42 mm diameter borosilicate tube bent at 90° in its middle part and evacuated to 10-7 millibar. Unfortunately, the Perrin tube manufactured in the 1960s in the GDR was already at the end of its life and a phenomenon well known to the users of electronic tubes of the old radios. Deposits from the cathode evaporated on the support mica and arcing occurs when the cathode ray tube is energized.

But there is another way to verify in a simple way that the movement of electrons can not be the cause of the magnetic field of electric currents. The magnetic field of a conductor, supplied with a current of 0 to 2.5 Amps, rotating at 260 revolutions per second, is measured by induction coils. The field in the rotating conductor at nearly 260 revolutions per second is about ten times higher than the field of an identical current passing through the stationary conductor.

This is a precession phenomenon of electrons. The electrons necessarily have a rotational magnetic field. This phenomenon is the cause of the very significant increase in the conductor's magnetic field. The rotational magnetic field of electrons is the one and only cause of the magnetic field of electric currents.

Scientists have long known that the electron, proton or ion beam of cyclotrons do not have any magnetic field although they travel at speeds of tens of thousands of kilometer per second. These elements are rotated after emitted by the gun. Their intrinsic magnetic fields remain aligned, if it is the case, in the direction given by the gun, but as these elements rotate, the beam itself no longer has a measurable magnetic field exactly as in the experiment of the cathode ray tube.

In the 1950s, scientists dreamed of producing electricity without alternator by making an ionized fluid flowing in a circular circuit at high speed: the magnetohydrodynamics. It is the equivalent of a loop crossed by a current. But this loop does not have any magnetic field.

These facts are again objective and well known evidences that magnetic fields can not result from the motion of electrons and other charges. Speed plays no part in electromagnetic phenomena. The problem of relativity does not therefore exist at all.

Video - Part 3 The relativist illusion
However, some time before relativity could give the illusion of solving a problem that did not exist, the same basic relations, the Lorentz formulas, made it possible to explain the apparent impossibility of measuring the displacement of the Earth around the Sun by the famous Michelson experiment. It was a very convincing coincidence, it must be admitted. Nevertheless, speeds over 9 km per second were measured. The measures would have been influenced by the temperature.

But professor Allais found a correlation to the respective positions of the Earth, the Sun and the Moon. It is not thus due to the temperature. Of course, it is not the speed of the Earth around the Sun at 30 km per second, but it is a uniform motion. It is totally against the relativity theory. It has to be explained one day.

Unfortunately for the relativists, by renouncing the absurd equations of Maxwell, everything takes another dimension. By renouncing to postulate that the light would be electromagnetic in itself, it is possible to come back to a medium in space carrying waves such as light. The aether. So Descartes was right! Gravitation and light are carried by the same medium. This is the famous theory of whirlpools. Before going into the detail of this theory, it should be recalled that Descartes' theory explains the Michelson and Sagnac experiments in a perfectly obvious way. Most remarkable is that Descartes had foreseen the deviation of light by the sun.

Video - Part 4 The Aether
Everything that exists is made up of the lower levels of existence. Thus, crystalline rocks consist of molecules, themselves composed of atoms. Next come the particles. This is the constitutive principle of Romani. It does not stop there. Particles are inevitably made of what is existing below particles. So that what is existing in the fields emanating from matter shall, in one way or another, enter into the composition of matter.

This suggests that gravitational fields consist of small particles, the particles of Space, which constitute matter and generate what seems to be an attraction between bodies. Space is filled from the confines of the universe to the inside of the atoms by the particles of Space. The first consequence of these assumptions is that these particles of Space stir in all directions to form a kind of fluid. They are the medium of space. The second is that they propagate waves as in all fluids.

Video - Part 5 Newton
Matter is virtually empty. For the particles of space, it's not even a strainer. The nuclei occupy only the hundred thousandth part of the atoms. However, currents that could occur in the medium of space would cause a drag on the nuclei of atoms. For simplification, the frictions in the medium of space are neglected. It is a perfect fluid and thus without drag. This is the d'Alembert's paradox. But this medium wears waves. It is also an ideal gas. There is a pressure drag in ideal gases.

Indeed, the speed of the nuclei of atoms in the medium of space is added to the stirring speed of the particles of space on the front surface of the nuclei of atoms and is subtracted in the back. There is therefore pressure on the front side and depression of the back side, to be added since they concern the opposed surfaces of the nuclei of atoms. In order that such currents may cause motion of the body toward each other, they must, obviously, head towards matter.

The nuclei of atoms, and therefore probably the elementary particles, so must absorb, or rather condense the particles of Space. The medium of Space is animated by flows headed towards the nuclei of atoms, towards matter. But the law of flows is mathematical. If the medium of space is not compressible, then the particles velocity of space in the flow is inversely proportional to the square of their distance to the body where they condense.

The flow of condensation of the medium of space is proportional to the outer surface of the nuclei of atoms. To be proportional to their mass, it is sufficient that the nuclei of atoms are bubbles and not solid balls. It should also be that the thickness of these bubbles is the same for all atoms. This is not exactly the case. The thickness varies very slightly. This explains the mass defect whose order of magnitude is 10^-24 gram. It is also the order of magnitude of the difference between the inert mass and the heavy mass.

But then, the effect of a condensing flow of the medium of space on the nucleus is de facto proportional to their mass. The drag which has just been mentioned, is proportional to the apparent surface of the nuclei of atoms. The total surface of a bubble is proportional to the square of its radius and thus to its apparent surface. The nucleus mass is proportional to its outer surface. Finally the drag of condensation flow of the medium of space is proportional to the mass of nuclei of atoms. This is exactly Newton's law.

Video - Part 6 Descartes
But things get complicated, because the drag that was mentioned also occurs when the nuclei move in the medium of space. The planets would collapse on the Sun. Hamilton's principle saves the day. The flow of a perfect fluid towards a well is not stable. It rotates. The principle of Hamilton can even determined the form of the whirl that forms inevitably. This is what is evident in water and in the air, but also apply to the medium of the space.

Stars are surrounded by whirls. This brings us to Descartes obviously. But here the whirls have a cause. the condensation of the medium of space in matter. The whirl of the sun drives the planets. The tangential velocity of this whirl must therefore be proportional to the inverse of the square root of the distance to the Sun.

Unfortunately these whirls in perfect fluid have a tangential velocity proportional to the inverse of the distance to the center of the well. This result is derived from the Lagrange equation. This is energy. But then there is a solution. If the particles of the medium of space are animated not only of a linear Brownian motion, but also of an angular kinetic moment, then the equipartition principle doubles exactly the term of the energy in the Lagrange equation whose solution is then exactly a tangential speed proportional to the inverse of the square root of the distance to the center of the well.

Video - Part 7 Atoms
The medium of space has a pressure as all fluids. This pressure acts on the nucleus of atoms and maintains its cohesion. It can be likened to an ideal gas. A particle moving in the medium of space is subjected to a pressure drag . Its lifetime is extended if it is unstable.

An atom that moves very rapidly in the medium of space is flattened and therefore has a wavelength modified in addition to the Doppler effect. The electrons can not rotate around the nuclei of atoms without their drag in the medium of space dropping them. In fact, electrons perform quantum jumps above the nucleus of atoms. After the ejection of an electron, the nucleus can eject another electron, only with a different energy, its mass having changed. This explains the Pauli principle of exclusion.

The particles of space condense in the nuclei of atoms. Atomic nuclei grow with time. Observed at galactic distances, they must appear to us with a shifted spectrum. There is no need to assume that galaxies move away from us to explain the Hubble effect. There is no big bang.

Planets expand gradually due to the expansion of the nuclei of atoms, but the Earth has a higher density at the center than at the surface. The central part is expanding faster and the surface distend. It distends mainly in the less dense area, at the bottom of oceans. Additionally, there are regularly magmatic eruptions lowering the internal pressure of the Earth. This explains volcanoes, earthquakes and major mountain ranges that have arisen from the ancient sea floor.

Video - Part 8 The zonal nature of gravitation
This is the current speed of the medium of space. The motion of the stars themselves is obtained by applying Newton's law. The planets have no drag in their rotation around the Sun because the medium of space rotates together. The whirls are the stable form of flow towards a well under the principle of Hamilton. If the condensation of the medium of space in matter has a spherical symmetry, the whirls have an axial symmetry.

According to Poincaré’s theorem, the whirl is concentrated in a plane that is the main plane of galaxies and the equatorial plane of stars and planets. On each side of the equatorial whirl, the medium of space condenses also so that inverse whirls should appear and so on to the poles. These whirls are separated by swirling cones giving areas of alternating zones with inverse rotations. This is what explains the zonal appearance of planets. The gases which surround the planets are dragged in rotation by the medium of space. This is the case for Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune. The zones formed by these gases themselves cause small vortices of gas by friction at their interfaces as seen at the poles of Jupiter.

Ocean currents of the earth also have a distinctly zonal aspect. The phenomenon is also indisputable for terrestrial winds even if it is less clear. The rotation of the Sun around itself is essentially zonal. Moreover, the low inclination of the trajectories of comets reported to the equatorial plane of the Sun have a distinctly zonal distribution.

Video - Part 9 Galaxies
In perfect fluid, the rotation of the fluid in the whirl compensates exactly the rotation around themselves of the fluid particles. This flow is irrotational. This is not the case in the medium of space. The energy term is doubled. The whirl rotation requires an input of angular momentum. It can only come from the angular kinetic energy of particles of space.

The rotation of the whirl absorbs a part of the angular kinetic energy of the particles of space. So that, for example, near the Sun where the rotational speed is very high, the law of tangential velocities is no longer exactly the inverse of the square root of the distance. A similar phenomenon occurs in galaxies that do not comply with this law. their size leads to a significant decrease of the angular kinetic energy available in approaching their eye. The flow of the medium of space in the plane of the galaxy thus occurs without kinetic moment as for the perfect fluids. The tangential speed changes from 1 on square root of R to 1 on R as by the red curve. It varies very little over a long distance. There is no need for dark matter.

Video - Part 10 The interferences
Unlike corpuscles, waves in the media can be divided into two wave trains and interfere. We also get interference with electrons, carbon-60 molecules and even with large organic molecules. Unlike waves produced there in water, the electrons and molecules move at very low speeds compared to the speed of light. As a result, the waves they form moving in the medium of space precede them. These waves interfere and cause a distribution of these elements in space after the slots. High-pressure areas push electrons, atoms or molecules towards low pressures. These areas remain aligned in the direction of the bands that formed in the receiving device. There is no need of presence probabilities.

Video - Part 11 Quantified waves
If in viscous fluids, waves propagate in scattering, it does not hold true in a medium consisting of simple shape particles. The dispersion of waves in fluids derived from the complex shape of the molecules. In the air the sound is already much more directional. With a bullhorn sound waves are concentrated. In the medium of space, the vibration of an electron causes two symmetrical wave trains whose cross-sectional area remain constant over great distances if the particles of the medium are very regular spheres. Under these conditions, they do not drag their neighbors. Such wave trains can therefore have effects similar to a particle! This is the case of the photoelectric effect.

Video - Part 12 The polarisation of light
The angular momentum of the particles of Space, has an interesting consequence. Upon impact of two of these particles, momentum is transmitted according to the laws of Descartes. This transmission occurs by elastic deformation of the particles of Space. The elastic deformation of the particles of space prevents slippage of the particles on one another as a result of the flattening of the parts in contact.

During the oscillations of the electrons, they transmit not only their linear momentum to the particles of space, but also their angular momentum. The angular momentum can only be transmitted transversely. This feature explains the transverse properties of light. Each wave train is polarized in the direction of the angular momentum of electron emitters.

The Orsay experiment, also called Aspect’s experiment, is therefore unproblematic. The polarization state is of course the same for the two symmetrical wave trains emitted by electrons. There is no need of quantum entanglement. Such a polarization is the case of the blue of the sky in the direction opposite the Sun and the double polarization of the K layer of the Sun observed with this diaphragm instrumented tube.

Video - Part 13 The propagation of light in Space
The Earth is dragged by the whirl of the sun. It therefore has no motion relative to the medium of space in rotation around the sun. The light is carried by this same medium. The Michelson experiment therefore can not highlight the motion of the Earth around the Sun. It uses the light itself driven by the whirl of the Sun.

Professor Allais analyzed the Miller’s measures with the Michelson interferometer. He has
shown they are correlated to the respective positions of the Earth, the Sun and the Moon. Miller actually measured the speeds of the condensation flow of the sun at 6 hours and 18 hours when the sun was in the plane of the device. A Michelson interferometer, placed in weightlessness in a satellite, could map the velocities of the medium of space flows and thus confirm both the theory of vortices and the statistics of Professor Allais.

Conversely, in the Sagnac experiment, the disc carrying the mirror rotates relative to the medium of space and the rotation can be detected. This is the principle of laser gyros. They are installed in all planes. No explanation of Sagnac's experiment by General Relativity has been found to date. However, the special relativity theory is an approximation of general relativity when fields are very low. Special Relativity should be able to explain the Sagnac experiment for very low speeds.

Gyrolasers are able to detect rotation as weak as an hundreth of degree per hour. However, the special relativity theory is used to explain the Michelson experiment. The Earth orbits the Sun at a speed of one twenty fourth of a degree per hour, and therefore at a speed of rotation four times faster than that detectable by the gyrolasers.

But Professor Selleri demonstrated that the special relativity theory can not explain the Sagnac experiment! The speed of light is the quadratic mean of the particle of space velocities. The speed of light is not absolute. There is no absolute in the experimental world. The speed of condensation of the medium of space is always much lower than the speed of light. There is no black hole.

The so called gravitational waves are waves in the medium of space. Like all waves of space they propagate at the speed of light. The gravitational waves are emitted by the motions of stars at extremely low frequencies ranging from 30 to 300 hertz along with light waves that exceed 10 to the 14 Hertz frequencies. Finally, the deflection of light by the sun is a remarkable fact that Descartes had expected there are almost four hundred years. The whirlwind effect of Descartes is added to the action of the condensation flux of the medium of Space in the Sun.

Video - Part 14 The unanswered questions
Some phenomena related to light and gravity are explained in a quite elementary way, by the medium of Space and the particles of Space that compose it. But the mystery remains for the electric and magnetic fields. In the same way, all the problems related to particles remain unresolved. Moreover, it remains to explain the multiple consequences of this new approach. How is the pressure of the medium of space maintained? How far does the medium of space extend? What are the particles of the medium of space composed of? The myth of Sisyphus applies perfectly to epistemology. Everything has always to be redone.
Lloyd
 
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Re: Aether, Light and Gravitation: de Climont

Unread postby crawler » Thu Nov 22, 2018 6:47 pm

I like the aether & gravity ideas of Conrad Ranzan in his DSSU website.
Reg Cahill has about 40 articles many re aether (which he calls dynamic space), & mentions gravity.
Williamson has some good ideas on elementary particles which he explains as being confined photons.
crawler
 
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