## Magnetic Reconnection

Plasma and electricity in space. Failure of gravity-only cosmology. Exposing the myths of dark matter, dark energy, black holes, neutron stars, and other mathematical constructs. The electric model of stars. Predictions and confirmations of the electric comet.

Moderators: MGmirkin, bboyer

### Re: Magnetic Reconnection

"My" model is based on the basic principle that
positive charged material (protons+ ions) goes to a negative region
and
negative charged material (electrons+ ions) goes to a positive region.

Lets look at the flare in the image and the involved regions.
There are 2 currents at A and B.
The current at A shortcuts and causes a rising flare
that produces a cloud of material to rise from the surface.

This material goes from A to C.

So assuming that the cloud is mostly positive charged,
C is probably a negative charged region.
At A there is already a current going on.

The could goes further towards B.
So at B there is a strong negatively charged region.

But also a bit goes back to C.
And I suspect that the flare/cloud had some
negative charged material too.
This should go back to A.

If we look further, we can also see a current flowing between A and B.
This current is strengthened by the addition of the material from the flare.

But those are not the only things that we can see.

-Flickering-
We can see a repeating flickering of the currents at A and at B.
This is caused by the inductance and capacitance of the electrical circuits.
And as we know, this creates a resonator.
The mass of the plasma-current adds to the inductance of the circuit.
So it is not only magnetic inductance.

-Circular path-
At A we can see a circular current. This is caused by the magnetic field.
Magnetism is also causing the twisting of the flare/cloud.

-Split lines-
Many current-lines are split at the origin and destinations.
This is because similar charges repel each other.
You can see the same phenomenon in a plasma-ball.

Here is a better example of line-splitting.

It is similar to this:

This all needs more research.
But I think I do already a much better job than the mainstream holy astrologers.

How can they believe in magnetic field lines bumping against each other?
It just blows my mind!
More ** from zyxzevn at: Paradigm change and C@

Zyxzevn

Posts: 991
Joined: Wed Dec 11, 2013 4:48 pm

### Re: Magnetic Reconnection

I have to correct
The "hairs" in the last 2 images are produced by different sparks through the air.
On the sun there is no alternating current, so this does not work.

The flares are still separate in a common plasmaball, so it is clear that this is
a very common feature for discharges in an electric field.

One explanation could be saturation: the plasma can run out of free ions and
free electrons at one place. So the current needs to find new paths to go to
the destination.
The physics seems very similar to that of vacuum tubes
that we used may years ago.
More ** from zyxzevn at: Paradigm change and C@

Zyxzevn

Posts: 991
Joined: Wed Dec 11, 2013 4:48 pm

### Re: Magnetic Reconnection

~
There are larger electro-dynamics at work here as well.
This is evident in solar N-S hemispheric asymmetries, which are cyclic over time in the sense that AC currents cycle over time. This asymmetry may be an effect of solar driving currents having a long-term periodicity, or of internal electric ‘dynamos’ flipping, or a combination of those inputs, or something else entirely; depending upon one’s own predilections.

Suns, as hyper-radiative bodies (as opposed to Earth which is more similar to Kirchoff’s “Ideal Black Body”) have unimaginably powerful emissions, so what could primarily be a ‘surface current’ can be exploded out into the Sun’s extended atmosphere i.e. photosphere, chromosphere and corona.
… the current state of our detector technology is not up to the task of distinguishing between the electric and magnetic components of a solar expulsion e.g. flares, hoops, sunspot pairs etc; because braided filaments e.g. Birkelands, flux tubes, ropes, etc, are currents of electric charge being 'twisted' by their inherent magnetic/Lorentzian torsions.-s

It’s also pretty difficult to espouse a comprehensive picture of the various EM effusions seen on the Sun, without a semi-clear understanding of the charge flows driving a sun, and their inherent periodicities,
imo.

Perhaps there are some reasonable correlations with Earth’s jet streams, which are electrical currents in themselves, and the electrified storms that they spawn
seasmith

Posts: 2815
Joined: Thu Mar 27, 2008 6:59 pm

### Re: Magnetic Reconnection

I agree with the north and south pole in the picture of the sun.
Could it be the product of rotating charges around the sun?

The smaller magnetic fields, which we detect with the zeeman effect
in sunspots seem to me electrical fields causing a Stark effect.
This means that we see many small pockets of charged areas.

This explains how the currents flow above the sun, which we can all see.

With magnetic fields we get a problem.
We need very very strong circular currents to generate such fields.
Remember: we have no coil with superconducting material,
and in conducting plasma there are a lot eddy-currents causing resistance.

And if we follow the mainstream logic, these currents can only come from a changing
magnetic field. This changing magnetic field must surround the current and
change to the opposite direction.
So with normal physics, we start with a big magnetic field that causes smaller magnetic fields to exist.
This is also how electromagnetic waves are working.
But I see no strong circular currents around the spots.
I see no very strong declining magnetic fields around the spots.
So there is no valid physical reason for very strong magnetic fields to exist.
This is a real problem.

Yet, these spots have all the markings of electric fields.

That is why I do not believe that we see the Zeeman effect at dark spots (and such),
but mostly the Stark effect.

The sun just became a lot simpler and more electric.
More ** from zyxzevn at: Paradigm change and C@

Zyxzevn

Posts: 991
Joined: Wed Dec 11, 2013 4:48 pm

### Re: Magnetic Reconnection

More Magnetic Reconnection Nonsense.
For someone with EM education, people talking about magnetic reconnection
is similar to people talking about flat earth.

Plasma bubbles help trigger massive magnetic events in outer space
What exactly causes the magnetic fields to separate and reconnect, and why does the reconnection take place more quickly than theory says it should?
..
“Our study suggests that disruption of the current sheet caused by the plasmoid instability may provide a trigger,” Huang said.

(suitable picture for the fictional astronomy)

This all clearly demonstrates the lack of basic EM knowledge and confirmation bias of these astronomers.
All seem to think that connecting fields lines do anything.
According to well known and tested physics, field lines do not matter at all.
So all this "science" is just a load of bullshit.

Anyway. Now the good news.

How to summon a solar flare

Want to know how a strong current expels a solar flare?

I have 4 models now:

Gas expansion model.
Due to a shortcut we get an explosive gas-expansion.
This explosion sends plasma above it into space.
Characteristics: Shortcut between two charged regions on the sun.

Nuclear model.
Due to a very strong shortcut we do not only get an explosive
gas-expansion, but also nuclear reactions.
This explosion might be responsible for the x-class flares.
Characteristics: Very strong shortcut between two charged regions on the sun.

Split current model. (theoretical)
Due to a shortcut, a flare forms 2 currents.
The original current is still full with charged material, but
due to the short-cut the charge configuration of the environment has
changed.
This may cause the charges in the original current to be
repelled by the charges in the short-cut current.
Characteristics: Shortcut expels older current.

Rail-gun model.
After seeing some videos on rail-guns, I realized i was seeing
the same thing as a flare.
With a strong current, the exact replica of a rail-gun mechanism is created.

The current creates both the magnetic field and the Lorenz-force.
This means that any flare on the sun can behave like a rail-gun.
Characteristics: Strong current causing a strong magnetic field.
More ** from zyxzevn at: Paradigm change and C@

Zyxzevn

Posts: 991
Joined: Wed Dec 11, 2013 4:48 pm

### Re: Magnetic Reconnection

Zyxzevn wrote:
Rail-gun model.
After seeing some videos on rail-guns, I realized i was seeing
the same thing as a flare.
With a strong current, the exact replica of a rail-gun mechanism is created.

The current creates both the magnetic field and the Lorenz-force.
This means that any flare on the sun can behave like a rail-gun.
Characteristics: Strong current causing a strong magnetic field.

So now you are seeing how E currents are twisted and maintained in filaments, (as opposed to 'sheet currents' as in a double-layer), by the B field inherently generated as current is conducted.
Now in your image, note how the E current flows are Bi-Directional.

You've mentioned several times your "EM education".
May i politely suggest that, to get over some recurring humps, you take on E P Dollard's holistic treatment of electricity. His "Four Quadrant Representation of Electricity" may be a good place to start, but he has written much better and more deeply than most on many E subjects,
plus his Tesla investigations are maybe the best.
For the aetheric-electric foundation, member Solar seems to like Harold Aspden's works; and i don't disagree.

With those two sources alone, you will much better be able to take on the mainstream lemmings and hopelessly indoctrinated trolls that slink around on the web.
seasmith

Posts: 2815
Joined: Thu Mar 27, 2008 6:59 pm

### Re: Magnetic Reconnection

You've mentioned several times your "EM education".
May i politely suggest that..

I need no more than Maxwell. Harold Aspden also accepts them I just read.
No relativistic speeds to worry about.
Here is a good place to learn or refresh the basics of Maxwell's Electromagnetism.

seasmith wrote:So now you are seeing how E currents are twisted and maintained in filaments, (as opposed to 'sheet currents' as in a double-layer), by the B field inherently generated as current is conducted.
Now in your image, note how the E current flows are Bi-Directional.

If you look at the currents on the sun, the current is certainly not Bi-Directional.
There are no full circles.
It flows from one area to the other. Just like flare in a plasma-globe.

The current flows from a positive charged region to a negative charged region on the Sun.
The current are the electrons and ions moving in the plasma. Ions move both ways.
All electric sun models agree with this, but this is already a break with the mainstream.
They believe that the currents are just lines of plasma hanging in the air, somehow following
magnetic field lines. But they see currents, so they see the currents as a side-effect of
the magnetism.

In my ray-gun model, the driving force behind the rail-gun is the electrical force
that produces the current.
There is NO other way these currents can be produced.

As I described above, according to basic EM, you need stronger and fast changing magnetic
field to produce currents for a magnetic field. In our technology we use spools with lots of
windings. The sun does not have that.
Anything that even looks like a magnetic field, does not match the requirements to
produce such currents. The mainstream magnetic fields are actually 90 degrees to have any effect.

It seems to me that the sun does not have that much magnetism at all, but is mainly electric.
Much more electric than most electric sun models.
That is due to the historical mix-up of the Stark effect with the Zeeman effect and bad understanding of EM.

On the liquid surface of the sun, we can see the Stark effect on many charged regions.
Some of these charged regions seem to be charged so much that they produce free electrons.
And free electrons look black in normal light, causing the dark spots on the sun.
The Stark effect is also very strong in these spots.

So following this logic, the electrical fields are much stronger on the sun than
expected, because the surface sun is not surrounded by a vacuum as the mainstream believes.
The mainstream does not even believe that the sun has a surface.
The mainstream believes that the lines and flares are in some kind of superconducting plasma.
Robitaille kind of proofs that this mainstream idea is completely wrong, and that the
sun has liquid, gas and plasma states. This is also what anyone with normal physical
knowledge would expect.

Now I follow my own idea of the sun:
The sun is surrounded by a gas that is much less conductive than believed. And this gas
is only becoming plasma when currents flow through it, or when the electrical fields are very strong.
The gas itself is surrounded by plasma, which extent we can see in the eclipse photographs.
The area between the gas and the outer plasma seems the photosphere.
This large extent of plasma will cause diffraction of the light, and will probably have
confused some astronomers with Einstein's gravitational bending of light.

The electric/magnetic mix-up goes even further.
In the article that I quoted in my previous post, the "magnetic reconnection"
myth is used in "black holes" and many other mythical objects.
This means that they have found a strong Zeeman effect at these places.
BUT, if this is the Stark effect, it will mean that all mythical objects are
actually strong electrically charged objects.
This is a direct confirmation of the principle of the Electrical Universe.
It is even more electric than we thought.

Now look at this latest research for example:
The core of the Milky Way unveiled in clearest infrared image yet
Astronomers have produced the first high-resolution map tracing the magnetic field lines around the Milky Way’s supermassive black hole.

More info: By observing polarized infrared light that is emitted by warm, magnetically aligned dust grains, astronomers have produced the first high-resolution map that traces the magnetic field lines around the Milky Way’s supermassive black hole.
So we have "warm" magnetic dust.
Warm dust is usually not ferro-magnetic, paramagnetism and diamagnetism are more common.
But these forces are not very strong.
But almost everything is dielectric.
On earth it causes dust to stick into corners of the room.

So it seems to me that they have found the distribution of the electrical charge
around the Milky Way instead. To produce the shown magnetic field, we also
need currents in perpendicular direction (right-hand rule).
There is no mechanism for that.
The mainstream believes in "frozen magnetic fields" to maintain such models.
The electrical field version is the simpler and more likely explanation again.

This goes on and on.
It seems that almost every "magnetic" reference in the mainstream astronomy
literature is actually "electric".
It does not mean that magnetic fields in astronomy do not exist.
They certainly do. The sun has a huge but weak magnetic field.
The earth has a weak magnetic field, capable of capturing particles from the sun.

But all evidence and basic EM-physics seems to indicate that
there are many electrical fields in the universe.
And these are likely connected via Birkeland currents and such.

Again:
The only change I made to the mainstream observations
is replacing most of the Zeeman-effect with the Stark-effect in cases
where they fit logically according to Maxwell.
More ** from zyxzevn at: Paradigm change and C@

Zyxzevn

Posts: 991
Joined: Wed Dec 11, 2013 4:48 pm

### Re: Magnetic Reconnection

Yes, astro-spectroscopy has been a mess for 20 years easy.
seasmith

Posts: 2815
Joined: Thu Mar 27, 2008 6:59 pm

### Re: Magnetic Reconnection

Sorry, didn’t have time yesterday for a proper reply.

Zyxzevn wrote: I need no more than Maxwell.

Aspden and Dollard know Maxwell very well and accept him. He made the math manageable.
Some even know Faraday, but fewer know the works of Ampere, Gauss, Rayleigh, Thompson, Hertz, Tesla, Steinmetz, Aspden, Dollard, Thornhill and a host of others who have further advanced the science of electricity.

It’s a shame, but American and European institutions of higher indoctrination prefer to teach the dumbed-down Heaviside-Maxwell equations from the 1800's. Only recently with advent of things like nano-electro-photonics, resonant cavities and femto-second pulse laser devices; have some academians begun to pull their wooly heads out of the turf.

Proof? Try googln “displacement current” for a while, and you will soon discover fifty different interpretations. Apparently Maxwell is not the final word after all. If it were, the whole red-herring phraseology that this particular thread is predicated upon would have been all cleared up long ago.

‘Strawmen’ can be comfortable companions, but hard facts are tougher to live with.
seasmith

Posts: 2815
Joined: Thu Mar 27, 2008 6:59 pm

### Re: Magnetic Reconnection

Some PhDs publish new bullshit article

Scientists crack 70-year-old
mystery of how magnetic waves heat the sun (with bullshit theory wrong calculations)

In short: They found/calculated Alfven waves and now they think they solved everything.

It was only time until the PhDs would make a mistake in their formulas that might actually produce
something that seems right.

Safire shows very strong electric fields
They find them in double-layers, near the surface.
See Safire video at this position

This already breaks with everything of mainstream plasma physics.
Great work.

A strong electric field also means that there is a strong Stark effect on the sun,
exactly in the area where the Sun's light is produced.

This is what I actually predicted: There is a strong Stark effect present on the sun.

Proof of absence of magnetism on the sun

Let's assume the sunspots have strong magnetic fields.
We see strong currents going away from these spots.
You can actually see the plasma move around.
These currents are pretty stable.

Now look at what happens if we create such a circuit.

This is a replica of the first electro motor ever made by Faraday.

We see the current circle around the magnetic field.

We also have this setup.
In a conducting environment we should see the magnetic
fields and the currents circle around.

Now let's look at a solar-rope and flare. (from above)

Click for movie

While you can see some twisting, the bases of the current-lines are very stable.

This means: there is almost no magnetic field at the basis, or there is no current.
Because we can see currents, and magnetic fields can not even exist without currents,
this means there is almost no magnetic field at the basis.

And because the magnetic field is weak, this means the Zeeman effect is not
very strong, but it is a Stark effect instead. And this means that we have
strong electric fields.

It seems that I have now proofed many times of why the sun is electric,
based on observations and the maxwell equations.
More ** from zyxzevn at: Paradigm change and C@

Zyxzevn

Posts: 991
Joined: Wed Dec 11, 2013 4:48 pm

### Re: Magnetic Reconnection

Zyxzevn wrote:Some PhDs publish new bullshit article]

They do it all the time. Why would this week be any different?

Proof of absence of magnetism on the sun

I really think the EU/PC community should resist the urge to do the reverse of what the mainstream does, and try to dumb everything down to *just* electricity. Maxwell's equations prove that there are both electric and magnetic fields involved in plasma pinch processes. What the mainstream does is solve all of the equations for B and try to claim it's "proof" that magnetic fields did it. It would be like using various gear to measure the magnetic fields inside of an ordinary working plasma ball, finding magnetic fields, then solving all the equations for B and proclaiming that only magnetic fields are involved in the plasma ball. One flip of the switch would demonstrate that it''s the electric field that drives the process, but alas we can't just turn off a whole sun.

Sunspots do have strong magnetic fields as we can observe in SDO magnetogram images. They have strong magnetic fields because they have massive numbers of coronal loops and tons of current flowing through them.

Yes, the sun is electrical in nature, but it also experiences magnetic fields. It's just silly that the mainstream tries to ignore half of Maxwell's equations. Let's not play their "dumb it down" game. Yes the sun is electrical in nature, but it's also magnetic in nature too.
Michael Mozina

Posts: 1692
Joined: Thu Feb 23, 2012 10:35 am
Location: Mt. Shasta, CA

### Re: Magnetic Reconnection

Zyxzevn wrote:Proof of absence of magnetism on the sun

Sorry. It was late.
It should be:
proof of absence of STRONG magnetism IN SUNSPOTS

Sunspots do have strong magnetic fields as we can observe in SDO magnetogram images. They have strong magnetic fields because they have massive numbers of coronal loops and tons of current flowing through them.

Thanks for reply, but that observation seems to be false to me.

The SDO magnetogram seems to be based on Zeeman effect.
Which is very similar to the Stark effect.
So it is as valid to say that these fields are not magnetic, but electric instead for the most part.
It also shows polarities. On the SDO it shows north and south, which should correspond
with positive and negative (or negative/positive).
NOTE: it is not yet clear for me how the orientation of the fields can be distinguished.
The Stark/Zeeman effect do not seem to have orientation on wikipedia.

Based on the Zeeman effect, there are magnetic fields reported of 0.1 Tesla.
This corresponds with something like 10,000 V/m if we recognize the Stark effect.
The magnetic fields are very strong compared to what we know on earth and require a lot of energy
and a lot of current to be maintained. This is due to eddy-currents.
This is why the resort to unicorns, like magnetic reconnection, frozen magnetic fields.
o avoid the energy problem.

We can not reproduce the strong magnetic fields in plasma in the laboratory.
Safire has now proven that strong electric fields are just part of a double-layer.
So we should expect such fields when a current is present.

The going into and out of the sun produces a magnetic field with North and South into a 90 degrees
different direction. Also see the configuration of a ray-gun. This magnetic field makes
the current form a circle-shaped loop.
The orientation of this current-driven magnetic field is different from the magnetic
fields that the SDO claims. It is EXACTLY in line with the electric field that is necessary
to produce the observed current-lines.
This means that the sunspots do not contain much zeeman effect, but

IF the SDO north/south magnetic field was correct, we should also see the homopolar motor effect
of the current and magnetic field. We should see the currents and/or magnetic fields circling around.
But we don't.
So, again there is no strong magnetic field.

IF the SDO north/south magnetic field was correct, there should be strong electrical currents
circling around the sunspots. But we don't.
The mainstream also believes that these strong electrical currents are caused by other magnetic
fields, but that is also impossible, since those magnetic fields must continuously change and
be stronger than the fields that are produced. It is as if they like to reason in circles.

The more I look into this, the more I think that many of the mainstream observations
of magnetic fields are based on false assertions. And due to the bad
knowledge of basic electromagnetism (Maxwell), the mainstream has no idea
what it is doing.
The result is that they mix-up most of the Stark effect (electrical fields) for the
Zeeman effect (magnetic fields). They also seem to mix-up other effects,
all based on their belief that electric fields are impossible.

Robitaille also lists a lot of other basic problems that the mainstream solar model has with

On the other hand, I seem to be able to explain all phenomena on the sun just by recognizing
the Stark effect (electric fields) in the observations.
The Maxwell based Solar model is so solid now, that I think I can use it to calculate and
simulate flares.
More ** from zyxzevn at: Paradigm change and C@

Zyxzevn

Posts: 991
Joined: Wed Dec 11, 2013 4:48 pm

### Re: Magnetic Reconnection

Some more papers on magnetism in space.

https://arxiv.org/pdf/1803.10389.pdf
It still tries to follow the reconnection unicorn, but actually does some calculations.

The paper shows that there is a mismatch of order 10^6
Which is an error similar to flat earth.
It also notes that some very huge currents and fields are hidden from
observation, while they should be visible.
Its conclusion is that the model needs a dramatic overhaul.

The matter is of course simply explained by replacing some of the impossible large Zeeman effect
with the moderate Stark effect. Because it is now proven that the the electrical field can
be strong due to double layers.

A holistic perspective on the dynamics of G035.39-00.33:
The interplay between gas and magnetic fields

https://arxiv.org/pdf/1803.09457.pdf
It uses the polarisation of light to produce nice pictures.
determine the electromagnetic field.
It shows how they are somehow in line with the filaments in space,
which proves the existence of Birkeland currents.
(Unless you believe in unicorns).

The paper assumes that the field is always magnetic.
I would argue that an electric field might also cause polarisation of dust/gas.
But they selected certain light frequencies that match with certain
chemical structures. It would be nice to have a laboratory report that shows
how these chemicals react both to magnetic and electric fields. And maybe
have other light frequencies that are more specialized to ions that are related
to the electric field.
Gasses can indeed react to magnetic fields.
Video showing magnetic
properties of oxygen and nitrogen

A new trend of the mainstream seems now to overemphasize the importance of
magnetism to ignore again the electric currents and electrical fields that
are present in space. And to forget that you need electrical currents to
create a magnetic field in the first place.

Magnetic field at a jet base: extreme Faraday rotation in 3C 273
revealed by ALMA

What could create large magnetic fields? Currents maybe?
And what are these currents?
Wait, we have jets don't we?
Sometimes it is hard to see the obvious.
More ** from zyxzevn at: Paradigm change and C@

Zyxzevn

Posts: 991
Joined: Wed Dec 11, 2013 4:48 pm

### Re: Magnetic Reconnection

Have to post something on this piece of made up bullshit:

Bullshit on Physics stack-exchange

Physics Stack exchange:
Magnetic flux ropes - are they stable for topological reasons like fluxon/Abrikosov vortex?

They have some energy density per length, and for example magnetic reconnections shorten them, releasing large amounts of energy, giving one of suggested solutions for (unsolved?) coronal heating problem: that against 2nd law of thermodynamics, while sun's surface has temperature in thousands of kelvins, corona has in millions of kelvins.

Magnetic reconnection is pure fantasy, based on false understanding of electromagnetism.
It does not release any energy, as any radiotransmitter and MRI scans proofs.
The coronal heating is unsolved indeed.. in the mainstream.
It is solved by Robitaille:
The corona is not millions of Kelivins. The temperature is actually very gradual.
That million kelvin idea is based on false assertions.
See this explanation video

There are also these well known fluxons/Abrikosov vortices in superconductor: also nearly 1D structures - magnetic field quantized due to topological reason that quantum phase needs to perform 2πn
change over any closed loop:
-- irrelevant formula --

First: there is no way plasma has a behaviour similar to superconductors.
Second: Those 1D vortices are bullshit too, but that is because of little understanding of quantum physics
in combination with superconductors and electromagnetism.
The quantum locking is caused by a phenomenon similar to the quantum hall effect.
The quantum hall effect describes how currents are stepwise distributed over a superconductor.
This also means that this distribution can create a stable place for magnets.

This distribution is 3D not 1D.
Magnetic field lines are not locked in.
That is because magnetic field lines do physically NOT exist.

Like I said, it has nothing to do with plasma on the sun.
It also means that none of the plasma is superconducting at all.
It works more like a fluid with a low resistance.

The picture on stack-exchange also shows currents flowing around.

In this case around each rope.
While it is a nice picture, this configuration is actually not possible as currents tend to interfere
with each other. So it is not a surprise that those currents are never observed.
Next time make a picture of a clown. It has more connection with reality.

The currents also need to be very strong.
For a dark spot on the sun, where the magnetism is maximal according to the mainstream.
The current around a dark spot has to be something like 10^10 amperes.
But we see ZERO.

Other observed physics are something like 10^6 order out of the theoretical predicted range.
See "rethinking the solar flare paradigm"

There is also no physical reason for plasma to move at all in a magnetic field.
That is because magnetism works like a damper for conducting material.
We make brakes with that principle.
But as we know, astronomers do not understand the real world of electromagnetism.

So this magnetic stuff is really not working at all.

Back to the question
Why are ropes on the sun stable.

If they were magnetic, they would not be stable at all.
Currents will create homopolar motors, and swing the lines around.

But instead they are electric. Electric currents that flow from positive
to negative or reverse direction if we talk about electrons or negative ions.

We can see that these ropes start at electric places with the Stark effect.
The effect is pretty strong and shows something like 10[kV/m] electric fields.
The Stark effect is similar to the Zeeman effect, the latter shows magnetic fields.
Electric fields of this order of strength have also been observed in the laboratory, the Safire project.

So if we compare this to the total failure of the magnetic model, we can be certain that the
electrical model is the correct one.

The currents are very stable, we can see that in any laboratory.
We see it in Fluorescent lights, like neon lights.
We can also see it in plasma balls.
And indeed they are very stable.
It only requires a bubble of charged material at the surface of the sun.

They can also form parallel tracks.
We can see that already when we use electrical fields in fluids or with dust.
More ** from zyxzevn at: Paradigm change and C@

Zyxzevn

Posts: 991
Joined: Wed Dec 11, 2013 4:48 pm

### Re: Magnetic Reconnection

A problem similar to "magnetic reconnection".

Step1: REALISATION - Hey, normal magnetism does not fit.
Step2: REMODEL - Let's invent magnetic field lines magic
Step3: BEND PHYSICS - Let's bend physics to fit our idea.

Note: IGNORE the simplest working solution (Electric Fields).
More ** from zyxzevn at: Paradigm change and C@

Zyxzevn

Posts: 991
Joined: Wed Dec 11, 2013 4:48 pm

PreviousNext