I agree that we should try to keep on topic, I'm the worst when it comes to drifting on to other subjects... I love science, the idea that people can discuss ideas openly and without ad hominem childishness, to challenge and be challenged by new ideas...
Why should science try to look objectively at chronology? Why should historians need to pin times, dates, historical events to a standard or yardstick? The simple truth is different cultures had different ways of recording events, even different ways to think about time, some cultures could be argued to have no such notion as that of linear time.
For example, the Jews:
Ancient peoples [sometimes] started to count their calendar years anew with the reign of each new monarch. When Christianity rose to dominance in the western world, it began to date history from the birth of its own "king," later according to the Gregorian calendar. Hence, history was divided into BC and AD, before the advent of the king's birth and in the "year of the lord." Judaism could not consent to divide history along these lines; it did not divide universal history even to make a fulcrum of Abraham's or Moses' birth. Therefore, the Jewish religious calendar was never oriented in this manner.
For many centuries, the Jews counted the years from one event -- the formative event of its existence as a people -- the Exodus from Egypt. After the destruction of the Temple in 70 CE, that cataclysmic event for a while replaced the use of the Exodus as the inaugural date.
But the sense of the Jew in this regard, which came to expression only after centuries, was that even an event of such magnitude was not critical enough to draw a line through time and to re-start counting world history.
Only one occurrence could serve as a beginning for history: the beginning of history. Judaism determined to count the years of the calendar on a universal scale -- from the creation of the universe. But exactly how old is the earth?
Jews count the months by the moon; western civilization patterns its calendar after the sun. That presents a dilemma. The moon travels more slowly than the sun -- by approximately 48 minutes a day. At the beginning of the lunar month, she sets in the west shortly after sunset, and each day 40 to 45 minutes later. She continues to lag further and further behind the sun (each lunar month being 29-1/2 days) until, at the end of 12 months, the year of the moon is 11 days shorter than the year of the sun, every three years losing a full month of time.
This introduces a special predicament for the religious calendar: Passover needs to be celebrated at the vernal equinox -- springtime and harvest are its natural hallmarks, the resuscitation of nature coinciding with the redemption of the people. But, if the lunar calendar loses a month every three years, Passover would move further each year and fall successively in every season of the year. That is exactly what happens to the Muslim festival of Ramadan.
In Jewish time, the day begins with the onset of night (the appearance of the stars) followed by the morning (which technically begins with the appearance of the North Star). According to some Jewish teachers, night and morning begin with sunset and sunrise respectively. For that is how the Torah describes it: "And there was evening and there was morning, the first day."
Beginning the day with the night is, in a sense, a metaphor of life itself. Life begins in the darkness of the womb, then bursts into the brightness of the light and eventually settles into the darkness of the grave, which, in turn, is followed by a new dawn in the world-to-come.http://www.aish.com/jl/hol/o/48944546.html
Scaliger used a sort of rational approach, or science, to reconcile the histories of different nations and cultures, and fit together known historical sequences, and historical interactions of different peoples and cultures,including sightings of eclipses, to come to a sort of yardstick timeline, which people like Isaac Newton, Velikovsky, and others can challenge and refine using careful reasoning, while superficially similar to Fomenko, Isaac Newton and Velikovsky put forward sensible reasons for challenging the 'accepted' Egyptian and related chronology developed especially in the 1800's by Flinders-Petrie, both Newton and V challenged the king lists of Manetho which presented an unlikely sequence of Egyptian kings.
Velikovsky showed the histories of the Jews and the Egyptians were offset by about 400 years, leading to unknown pharoahs in the Jewish record, and corresponding doubling of Egyptian pharoahs, the visit to Solomon of an unknown queen 'of Egypt and Ethiopia' according to Josephus, and a visit by Hatshepsut to an unknown land where she brought back peacocks apes and trees, the same items as described as gifts in the story of Solomon and the Queen of Sheba in the bible.
Hatshepsut had a younger co-regent Thutmoses III, he invaded an unknown place and came back with spoil:
(The Egyptians would hear about the wealth of Solomon, first from Hatshepsut, then from Jeroboam and probably others)
1 Kings 11:40
Solomon sought therefore to put Jeroboam to death; but Jeroboam arose and fled to Egypt to Shishak king of Egypt, and he was in Egypt until the death of Solomon.
2 Chronicles 12:2 (The Egyptians plunder Solomon's temple)
And it came about in King Rehoboam's fifth year, because they had been unfaithful to the LORD, that Shishak king of Egypt came up against Jerusalem
Shortly afterwards, and unknown pharoah comes and plunders the temple:
2 Chronicles 12:9
So Shishak king of Egypt came up against Jerusalem, and took the treasures of the house of the LORD and the treasures of the king's palace. He took everything; he even took the golden shields which Solomon had made.
In Egypt at Hatshepsut's temple, is a huge carved wall showing the spoils taken from an unknown land by her younger co-regent Thutmoses III
No-one to this day has worked out where the mysterious Queen of Sheba came from, and no-one has worked out where Hatshepsut went, to receive peacocks and apes and exotic trees (Solomon was a collector)
"After the death of Hatshepsut, and Thutmosis III's later rise to pharaoh of the kingdom, he created the largest empire Egypt had ever seen; no fewer than seventeen campaigns were conducted, and he conquered from Niya in ***North Syria to the Fourth Cataract of the Nile in Nubia."
"If we are correct in identifying Thutmose III with Shishak, then by comparing the Karnak inscriptions with the details in the Bible, we can follow Thutmose III from his victory at Megiddo to the gates of Jerusalem. Shishak did not destroy Jerusalem but instead confiscated the treasures in its temple and palace. The Karnak carvings depicting the loot Thutmose brought back to Egypt show 300 gold shields, doors overlaid with gold, and an assortment of utensils suitable for temple worship. Comparing the Karnak record to the Bible’s description of what Shishak took reveals remarkable similarity. 2 Chronicles 12:9 states, “"So Shishak king of Egypt came up against Jerusalem, and took away the treasures of the house of the Lord and the treasures of the king’s house; he took everything. He also carried away the gold shields which Solomon had made."” We know from 1 Kings 10:17 that Solomon had made 300 such gold shields.1 We also find record of the gold-overlaid doors in 1 Kings 6:32. The Karnak description does not identify the city from which these trophies came—only that they were brought to Egypt after Thutmose’s victory at Megiddo."https://answersingenesis.org/archaeolog ... -stand-up/
This sequence of events, is one of hundreds put forward by Velikovsky to argue his case for a revised chronology.
Isaac Newton picks at the Egyptian record, and give his reasons for suggesting an exaggerated length and antiquity of the Egyptian dynasties.
Fomenko is doing an exaggerated version of these two, he is wiping a thousand years of real history in hundreds of countries, and thousands of events by suggesting a major deceptive conspiracy by the Jesuits.