Recovered:Elec Theory, Maxwells Formula, Tesla Scalar Vortex

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Re: Electric Theory, Maxwells Formula, Tesla Scalar Vortex

Unread postby bboyer » Wed Apr 02, 2008 11:00 am

Posted: Tue Jan 15, 2008 9:35 pm Post subject: Reply with quote
OP "junglelord"

Water is a good illustration. Meyl calls it the Hydromagnetic Field. As we already have worked out, the hydrotic field is favoured particularly by polar materials and by a high dielectricity. Water is a corresponding and in the biosphere of our planet dominating material.

Longitudinal Magneto Dielectric Energy travels as a Potenial Vortex in this Field. In this point vortex fields clearly differ from the transverse propagating electromagnetic waves!

The electron and the positron are both vortex fields of opposite rotation. The electron/positron vortex pair can account for all particles and the two particle Photon. Without potential vortices no stability, no matter, no energy nor information would exist!

It reveals to us a basic principle basing on duality in which the dual partners mutually dictate target values and goals. This principle convinces by its simplicity and efficiency.

Apart from the "self regulation" it obviously also has the fundamental possibility of a "self organization" and the "generation of information". The field equations of the hydromagnetic field thus are the starting-point for the formation not only of matter and energy, but also of information.

Information is nothing but a structure of electromagnetic vortex fields!

Only the vortex and not the wave exists in two forms of formation dual to each other, and the principle of duality again is the prerequisite for the formation of information, of self organization and finally for the evolution.

But how can this so important duality occur, how can it form? This question is closely associated with the question of the formation of vortices. The electromagnetic wave serves solely the mediation of information and energy.

To fully complete the theory we can now explain temperature and kinetic energy with the Vortex Hydromagnetic Field.




Temperature

Following the atomic view, in the case of heat it concerns kinetic energy of the molecules, which carry out more or less violent oscillations. In the case of gaseous materials with this concept, basing on mechanical models, actually successful calculations are possible, like for instance the speed distribution of gases won by Maxwell from theoretical considerations concerning probability.

But the attempt to apply the formulas of the kinetic theory of gases to solids and liquids only succeeds, if additional supplements and improvements are introduced. Since at all events it concerns temperature, thus the same physical quantity, of course also an uniform
interpretation should be demanded, which in addition should stand in full accord to the presented design of an integrated theory (TOE).

Against the background of the new theory of objectivity we consider, what happens, if for instance the local field strength is increased by a flying past particle. The matter located at this point is contracted for a short time. By coming closer to each other, the individual elementary vortices mutually reinforce their field and are further compressed. Sometime
this process comes to a standstill, is reversed and swings back.

At the same time every single particle, which in this way carries out an oscillation of size, has an effect on its neighbours with its field, to also stimulate these to the same oscillation, but delayed by some time. This phenomenon spreads in all directions. The propagation only will become stationary, if all neighbouring elementary vortices pulsate with the same
amplitude. It now should be recorded:

The oscillation of contraction of the elementary vortices we call temperature.

Also this thermodynamic state variable therefore is a result of the variable speed of light. At the absolute zero of temperature no oscillation takes place anymore, whereas the upper limit lies in infinity. Since the cause for temperature represents an oscillation of the local electromagnetic field strength around the cosmic field strength, the following phenomena must be considered as excitation and cause, as dictated by the fundamental field equation 5.7:

1. Electromagnetic waves (b) are able to stimulate matter particles to synchronous oscillations of contraction by their alternating field. In doing so energy in form of heat is transferred to the particles, with the result that their temperature is increased. The wave is absorbed completely, if the thermal oscillation corresponds with the frequency of the wave. We speak of thermal radiation.

2. But also the two dual vortices, the eddy current (c) and the potential vortex (d) can cause oscillations of contraction. This immediately becomes clear, if we consider a vortex as the special case of the wave, in which the oscillation takes place around a more or less stationary vortex centre. In the case of the decay of vortices, of the transition of energy from vortices to matter, the increase in temperature is measurable. In the case of this process of diffusion we speak of eddy losses and of loss heat.

unified theory

3. Flying past particles, in particular unbound and free movable charge carriers (e) produce an alternating field for other fixed particles. Doing so kinetic energy can be transformed in temperature, thus in energy of pulsation. A good example is the inelastic collision. But it can also be pointed to numerous chemical reactions. Whoever searches for a concrete example, takes two objects in his hands and rubs them against one another. In that case the particles which are at the frictional surfaces are being moved past each other in very small distance, in this way causing oscillations of pulsation, which propagate into the inside of the objects according to the thermal conductivity. We speak of friction heat.
This model concept provides sound explanations for a whole number of open questions

i.e. why the temperature occurs independent of the state and even in solids, where a purely kinetic interpretation fails. Every single elementary particle after all is carrier of a temperature. With increasing temperature most materials expand, because the need for room, purely geometrically seen, increases for larger amplitude of oscillation. This principle is used
in the case of a bi-metal thermometer.

In the case of solids the thermal oscillation of size is passed on primarily by the electrons in the atomic hull. Good electric conductors therefore at the same time also have a high thermal conductivity. An example of an application is the electric resistance thermometer.

In the case of gases the entire atoms carry out this task, for which reason a kinetic theory becomes applicable as an auxiliary description. For extreme amplitudes of oscillation the atoms partly or entirely lose their enveloping electrons, when they change into the plasma state.

Finally the model concept even limits the second law of thermodynamics, which contains the postulate that it is impossible to design a cyclic working machine, which does nothing else, as to withdraw heat from a heat container and to convert it into mechanical work.

Heat energy
The discussed oscillation of contraction shows two characteristic properties, which must be looked at separately: the amplitude and the frequency. Temperature describes solely the amplitude of the oscillation of size. The heat energy however is determined by both, by the amplitude as well as by the frequency.

Consequently the ideas of temperature and heat energy should be kept strictly apart. It therefore isn't allowed to set this oscillation equal to the electromagnetic wave in tables of frequency.

To be correct two tables should be given, one for the wave, characterized by a propagation with the speed of light, and another one for oscillations of contraction, thus for stationary phenomena and phenomena bound to matter. The latter indeed can likewise propagate relatively fast by fluctuations of pressure in the case of acoustical sound frequencies or by
free movable charge carriers in the case of heat conduction, but the velocity of propagation for sound or heat is as is well-known still considerably smaller than the speed of light. Thus an assignment without doubts can be made as to which kind of oscillation it concerns.


Answers to open questions of thermodynamics:


1. Temperature occurs independent of the state in which the
matter is (unified theory).

2.Temperature even occurs in solids, where a purely kinetic
interpretation fails (unification).

3. Each elementary particle is carrier of a temperature.

4. Expansion with increasing temperature because of the
increasing need for room for larger amplitude of oscillation
(principle: bi-metal-thermometer).

5. For solids the thermal oscillation of size is primarily passed on
by the electrons in the atomic hull. Good electric conductors
therefore at the same time also have a high thermal conductivity.
(principle: electrical resistance thermometer).

6. For gases the entire atoms carry out this task, for which reason
a kinetic auxiliary description becomes applicable.

7. For extreme amplitudes of oscillation the atoms partly or entirely
lose their enveloping electrons, when they change into the
plasma state.

8.The second law of thermodynamics loses its claim to be
absolute and at best reads: with today's technology we are not
capable, to design a cyclic working machine, which does
nothing else, as to withdraw heat from a heat container and to
convert it into mechanical work.

Sound
The close relationship of longitudinal sound waves with the oscillations of contraction of thermally heated matter becomes particularly clear for ultrasound, where the arising heat in the inside of the body which is exposed to sound can be measured directly.

The fundamental difference consists of the fact that the produced sound waves not only have the same frequency, but also the same phase, what needs not be the case for the temperature. The apparently uncoordinated occurring oscillations of size of the temperature, which as a rule occupy more space if the intensity increases, form a "thermal noise".

The oscillation of size with the same phase is not realizable at all in a spatial formation of particles, with one exception, the case that all particles expand and afterwards again contract simultaneously and in the same time. We can observe such a synchronization of the pulsation oscillations of all elementary vortices in the case of a pulsar. For us a pulsar looks like a "lighthouse" in space which shines with a fixed frequency.

In reality it as well can concern a constantly shining sun, which carries out a synchronized, thermal oscillation of size, like a gigantic low-frequency loudspeaker. During the phase of contraction of the star its emitted light stays back. To us the pulsar looks dark. In addition the field strength is extremely increased and the light becomes correspondingly slow.

During the phase of expansion the conditions are reversed and we observe a light flash. Exactly the pulsar unambiguously confirms the here presented theory of the variable, field dependent speed of light.

The well-known fact that the microcosm represents a copy of the macrocosm, already suggests that each atom is capable of the same oscillation of size as a pulsar: if next to the oscillating atom a resting one is placed, then does this one see a smaller field during the phase of contraction because of the increasing distance. It hence becomes bigger itself. If the pulsating neighbouring atom afterwards expands, it however becomes smaller. The at first resting atom in this way becomes a "pulsar" oscillating with opposite phase. The oscillating atom has stimulated the neighbouring atom as well to an oscillation of size, and this process will be repeated with the closest neighbouring atom.

We speak of heat conduction. To which extent the average distance between neighbouring atoms is influenced while a material is heated, solely depends on the structure of the atomic lattice. For matter with a
fixed lattice according to expectation a smaller heat expansion will occur, as for the unordered structure of gases, in which we find confirmed well-known relations.

In a for potential vortices characteristic property sound waves and thermal waves of contraction correspond:

The propagation of potential vortex fields takes place as a longitudinal wave.

In this point vortex fields clearly differ from the transverse propagating electromagnetic waves!

Without wave no vortices, no duality and consequently no evolution can exist. According to the to date state of knowledge the basic principle of cybernetics forms the basis for matter and energy as well as for information. Since the wave can only serve the transmission of information, the principle of duality and the vortex will function as carriers of information.

We are entitled, to speak of vortex information, this by no means is characterized by special frequencies or modulations of frequencies. This is prevented by the property of the vortices which allows them to change the frequency. On the other hand various configurations of vortices are possible and numerous combinations and modulations are conceivable. If technical apparatus generate vortices, then they produce information. Here a serious danger with regard to the environmental compatibility can not be excluded!
http://www.meyl.eu/go/index.php?dir=30_ ... sublevel=0



the important experimental physicist Nikola Tesla (1856-1943), who with his inventions of the rotary field and of the asynchronous motor has stamped today's electric energy technology as no other.

As a result Lord Kelvin boarded a steamship as a mediator and sailed 1897 to New York to convince Tesla from the opposite.

But the experiments, which Tesla presented his Lordship, didn't give rise to any doubts, and thus Kelvin returned to Europe with the message:
"Both are right, Tesla as well as Hertz!

Whereas the electromagnetic wave which Hertz has detected, is a transverse wave, does Tesla work with a longitudinal wave"!

Lord Kelvin as a result started to draw most different vortex models, because it was clear to him, that a propagation as a longitudinal standing wave analogous to the sound wave only is conceivable, if quantized structures exist, which knock each other mutually. Kelvin therefore assumed vortex structures of the electromagnetic field. His vortex models were published and landed in the curiosity box of orthodox science.

Heinrich Hertz did have a big advantage. He could refer to Maxwell and calculate his wave with the field equations. For modern technology the mathematical calculability is almost an indispensable prerequisite!

For Tesla wave there however neither was a mathematical nor a physical theory. The only thing Tesla had, were presentable experiments.

In Colorado Springs he had build a 10 kW transmitting installation and lighted 200 fluorescent lamps of 50 Watt each on a mountain in the Rocky Mountains in a distance of 25 miles. With that he had completely transmitted the transmission power of 10 kW, as can be inferred from the press reports at that time.

With Hertzian waves, which propagate spatially, this experiment even today, after over 100 years, wouldn't be realizable technologically.

According to the law of the square of the distance one isn't even able to let glow a tiny little lamp in such a distance.

For sure his rotary field theory was a big help for Tesla in all experiments. Actually a rotary field can be seen as the special case of a planar vortex.

Thus Tesla obviously was able, to use the potential vortex without even knowing it. Tesla has stimulated a loosely coupled high tension coil wound like a spiral to self-resonant oscillations and emitted the produced vortices over an antenna. On the receiver side the process was then reversed.

The experiments which got out of control of Tesla, Searl and Schauberger have one thing in common: it concerns constructions with an unipolar arrangement of the field. Tesla had arranged the magnetic field in a unipolar way, as he has reported himself, Searl had realized electric unipolar fields in a construction similar to the electron, and Viktor
Schauberger had specialized in producing unipolar structures with water vortices.


_________________
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Man lives in the sunlit world of what he believes to be reality. But there is, unseen by most, an underworld, a place that is just as real, but not as brightly lit... a Darkside."

Last edited by junglelord on Fri Jan 18, 2008 9:54 pm; edited 2 times in total
There is something beyond our mind which abides in silence within our mind. It is the supreme mystery beyond thought. Let one's mind and one's subtle body rest upon that and not rest on anything else. — Maitri Upanishad
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Re: Electric Theory, Maxwells Formula, Tesla Scalar Vortex

Unread postby bboyer » Wed Apr 02, 2008 11:02 am

Posted: Wed Jan 16, 2008 12:19 am Post subject: Reply with quote
OP "junglelord"

Now that we have identified the fundamental state of the hydromagnetic field is dual opposition vortex and the way these dual pair opposition vortex particles are created and how the different fields of the vortex dualites exist we have now reached the holy grail....Free Energy.


Free energy?

Furthermore is reported of Tesla, he would have developed a "converter for space energy" and 1931 have built it in a luxury car Pierce Arrow. The car was a 145 km/h fast, doing so the asynchronous motor (presumably built by Westinghouse) furnished 80 HP at 1800 Rpm. The "free energy" the converter, build by Tesla himself, got from a 1.8 m long antenna.

Because the motor ran without adaptation of frequency in slipping operation, it had to be cooled correspondingly. It was on the way in trial run for over a week. Now we of course want to know, of what this "free energy" consists, which Tesla will have used and of which he already 1891 had spoken in the American Institute of Electrical Engineers.

For the electron as a spherical vortex we have calculated an electric tension voltage of 511kV between its surface and its centre respectively infinity. The highest level of tension voltage normally used for the high tension transmission lies at 380kV (effective value); for a direct current transmission it is 500 kV. Although still higher tension voltages would be desirable, they are avoided.

This is no accident. Experiments with higher tension voltages namely have resulted in inexplicable high losses.

We have an explanation: the electrons are taken apart on the way! Their inner energy amounts with the outer energy to zero. The charge carrier, which in the power station as result of an energy conversion has been sent on a journey, is in danger to vanish into thin air (e.g. corona) for tension voltages above 511 kV.

The transmitter of Nikola Tesla however worked with 600 kV and more. He said, with his experiments he had destroyed billions of particles without being able to observe an emission of energy and made fun of the misinterpretation of Einstein of the already at that time well-known mass-energy relation E = mc2.

For the purpose of a one wire or a wireless energy transmission the tension voltage therefore has to be higher than 511 kV. With Teslas equipment however the electrons shouldn't be destroyed, but merely be pulled apart to plane circular vortices with help of the today is Tesla coil known winding. These then could be sent on a journey over the antenna, to again be caught and formed back in spherical electrons by the receiver antenna. As long as the electrons don't fall apart, they keep their structure and quantum property.

Quanta pass on an excitation, for instance a bump, in form of a longitudinal standing wave, by one particle bumping the neighbouring particle, analogous to sound waves, where one gas molecule passes the bump on to the neighbour. The transmission hence takes place as longitudinal scalar wave.

Electrons pulled apart to planar vortices in addition haven't got a closed vortex centre anymore on their journey. For the by Tesla in his laboratory used and publicly presented one wire energy transmission (1897, Patent Nr. 593,138) the transmission hence doesn't take place in the wire, but as vortices around the -wire.

That explains, why only a relatively thin conductor, which normally should have melted, was necessary for a demonstrated power transmission of 10 kW. Tesla however could show, that the wire stayed cold and virtually no heating losses were measurable.

He himself said, that this one wire transmission technology is much better than the alternating current technology full of losses, which stems from him as well. Tesla must have known the limit of 511 kV very exactly, because on several photographs one can see, that he changed the coiling technique off this value!

http://www.meyl.eu/go/index.php?dir=30_ ... sublevel=0


_________________
Peace, Live Long and Prosper.

Man lives in the sunlit world of what he believes to be reality. But there is, unseen by most, an underworld, a place that is just as real, but not as brightly lit... a Darkside."

Last edited by junglelord on Fri Jan 18, 2008 9:55 pm; edited 1 time in total
There is something beyond our mind which abides in silence within our mind. It is the supreme mystery beyond thought. Let one's mind and one's subtle body rest upon that and not rest on anything else. — Maitri Upanishad
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Re: Electric Theory, Maxwells Formula, Tesla Scalar Vortex

Unread postby bboyer » Wed Apr 02, 2008 11:03 am

Posted: Wed Jan 16, 2008 12:37 am Post subject: Reply with quote
OP "StefanR"

I found the example with the nerves quite enlightening in regards to the one wire energy transmission.
The difference between slow and fast-nerves gives a good idea of an potential vortex.
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There is something beyond our mind which abides in silence within our mind. It is the supreme mystery beyond thought. Let one's mind and one's subtle body rest upon that and not rest on anything else. — Maitri Upanishad
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Re: Electric Theory, Maxwells Formula, Tesla Scalar Vortex

Unread postby bboyer » Wed Apr 02, 2008 11:04 am

Posted: Wed Jan 16, 2008 12:45 am Post subject: Reply with quote
OP "StefanR"

Tesla must have known the limit of 511 kV very exactly, because on several photographs one can see, that he changed the coiling technique off this value!


Another way of saying that geometry is still an important factor. Which relates quite nicely with the information about scalar wave technology in antiquity.
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There is something beyond our mind which abides in silence within our mind. It is the supreme mystery beyond thought. Let one's mind and one's subtle body rest upon that and not rest on anything else. — Maitri Upanishad
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Re: Electric Theory, Maxwells Formula, Tesla Scalar Vortex

Unread postby bboyer » Wed Apr 02, 2008 11:05 am

Posted: Wed Jan 16, 2008 12:47 am Post subject: Reply with quote
OP "junglelord"

Crank up the voltage over 600kv and wind spiral coils and interrupt the direct current in very short pulses and you too can make a Tesla Magnifying Transmitter. Put away that spherical Tesla coil and enter the world of Longitudinal Vortex Energy via the Tesla Magnifying Transmitter.

Short recap. Tesla built a Z Pinch Machine. He discovered Impulse Radiant Longitudinal Electric Energy in the process. This Radiant Electric Longitudinal wave could transmitt DC over space. It generated a pressure wave and more represented star light. It did not need magnetic induction and it was not restricited to the inverse sqaure of the distance law. The rays neither diminished with the inverse square of the distance nor the inverse of the distance from their source. They seemed to stretch out in a progressive shock-shell to great distances without any ap­parent loss. Under further test as seen below he described it as a Corona or Whitefire. In effect, Tesla had managed to interrupt a high voltage direct current several thousand times per second. In doing so, he had discovered a way to completely separate electrostatic energy from current impulses. Tesla found it possible to produce millions of electrostatic volts by this method without any current. He discovered that the shape of the conical secondary capacitors to be important so geometry played its role. He discovered electrostatic resonace with his test and experiments.

He found that the transformative abilities of these smooth copper coils were maximum when the coil mass equaled the mass of the impulser's conductive copper strap. It did not matter how thin the coil windings were. The equality of copper masses brought maximum trans­formative effects. When this equal mass condition was fulfilled, Tesla said that the coil-capacitors were "in resonance". Electrostatic resonance. White discharges from each of these free ends had very different char­acteristics, indicating the unidirectional flow. Electropositive terminals al­ways appeared brush-like and broad. Electronegative terminals always ap­peared constricted and dart-like. He began placing these "secondary" coils within his "primary" impulser circuit. The strap, which connected his magnetic arc to the capacitors, formed the "primary". He made necessary distinctions among his Transformer com­ponents. Few engineers actually appreciate these distinctions. The "primary" and "secondary" of Tesla Transformers are not magnetic inductors. They are resistive capacitors. Coil-shaped capacitors! Tesla Transformer action is elec­trostatic induction.


The Tesla coil, according to the instructions of the inventor, is a flat coil wound like a spiral in contrast to the copies today on sale which, surely out of ignorance, are mostly cylindrical. Its peculiarity probably is to be seen in the circumstance, that charges moved through the wire of the coil inevitably increase their angular velocity towards the centre, In this way the electrons, which at first are spherical elementary vortices, are pulled apart to vortex rings like planar discs.

Tesla switches the "secondary" called flat coil between two "terminals". Following he sends, stimulated by his "primary", charge carriers from one terminal to the other and back again and produces a standing resonant oscillation. Mostly replaces Tesla one of both terminals by the earth. He thus assumes, that now the earth as a spherical electrode takes over the function of one terminal. That he again infers from the observation, that a by the transmitter wireless fed little lamp goes out, if he cuts the connection to the ground. Doing so the oscillation collapses.

Radio sets on the other hand can also be operated without grounding, as we know! The degree of effectiveness of today's distribution technology of current due to the heating losses lies clearly beneath 100 per cent. Without the losses of the wiring it lies close to 100 per cent for the discussed one wire energy transmission. There the vortex rings are guided nicely one after another along the line like beads drawn over a string.

This result even is to be expected, as far as no vortex "jumps off the wire or "falls apart". For the wireless version Tesla however to his own surprise had to find out that more energy could be received, than his transmitter produced. The measured degree of effectiveness lay above 100 per cent!

He therefore called his transmitter a "Magnifying Transmitter". The further transmitter and receiver were away of each other, the further the received energy increased. Tesla inferred from this, that there had to exist free energy and that he had caught that too.

Consequently he had built a receiver for free energy and registered for patent (1901, Patent No. 685,957). Tesla states that the amount of energy depends on the size of the "terminal". Of today's sight we could be willing, to describe this receiver plate as a solar panel, but we should know, that the apparatus produced energy even at night! In addition the energy gain was considerable higher than for today's solar panels. Tesla spoke of "radiations ", of an unknown radiation and he in his lifetime has in vain sought for help of explanation.

The vortex model will also in this question be a valuable help to us.

http://www.meyl.eu/go/index.php?dir=30_ ... sublevel=0


_________________
Peace, Live Long and Prosper.

Man lives in the sunlit world of what he believes to be reality. But there is, unseen by most, an underworld, a place that is just as real, but not as brightly lit... a Darkside."

Last edited by junglelord on Fri Jan 18, 2008 9:55 pm; edited 5 times in total
There is something beyond our mind which abides in silence within our mind. It is the supreme mystery beyond thought. Let one's mind and one's subtle body rest upon that and not rest on anything else. — Maitri Upanishad
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Re: Electric Theory, Maxwells Formula, Tesla Scalar Vortex

Unread postby bboyer » Wed Apr 02, 2008 11:07 am

Posted: Wed Jan 16, 2008 12:55 am Post subject: Reply with quote
OP "junglelord"

Could a Tesla Magnifing Transmitter be a Neutrino emitter?
Is that the pressure wave he felt and could not shield?
I am now fully convinced that to expect a full theory of electricity with only Maxwells Quaternions alone is insufficent to fully account for all electric phenomanon. The by Tesla used longitudinal energy wave is a potential vortex wave in the sense of the vortex model of Kelvin, which we again could identify as neutrino radiation (Dirac).


The answer of the potential vortex theory could turn out as follows:
If at the transition of the one wire to the wireless transmission the ring-like vortices is purloined the guiding wire the vortices immediately begin to turn around each other, as is observable for flow-technical ring-like vortices,. In this way the ring-like vortex the next moment shows its inside. If it before was an electron vortex (fig. 4.3), then it now shows
as positron, if it was negatively charged, then it now is positively charged. Following it oscillates back again, etc. Wit that the ring-like vortex on the average has no measurable charge and no mass, because it alternately forms matter and anti-matter.

Without interaction it has an enormous ability of penetration . In physics such particles are called neutrinos.

Tesla thus had, apart from his transmitted energy wave, which turned out to be neutrino radiation, by chance also caught neutrinos which oscillated synchronously. According to the actual level of knowledge do neutrinos penetrate the earth and appear also on the night side. The order of magnitude in every second amounts to approx. 66 billion neutrinos per square centimetre. It is a true bombardment.

If we would be able, to collect and convert all neutrinos, the won energy would be entirely sufficient, to cover the need for energy of the world population (approx. 27 W/m2). We merely have to materialize them, thus give them mass, charge and the necessary localization. Tesla was able to do that experimentally!

Let's record:
The ring-like vortices, which Tesla with his transmitter has sent on a journey as electrons with an open vortex centre, are neutrinos (fig. 7.12). Tesla requests that transmitter and receiver operate in resonance, thus with the same frequency. Under this condition the receiver collects in all oscillating vortices, so that no one is lost.

If the neutrinos for instance are just positively charged when leaving the transmitter electrode, then an electromagnetic force of attraction takes place, if the receiver electrodeat the same time is negatively charged. The required operation with the same frequency and opposite phase guarantees that also the next moment, if both, the neutrino and the
receiver, have changed their polarity, the electromagnetic attraction is preserved.

It is obvious, that strange neutrinos which fly past and by chance oscillate synchronously are as well attracted. In that way the power collected in the receiver capacitor will increase further and degrees of effectiveness of over 100% are obtainable. Tesla discharges the receiver capacitor timed with the frequency of resonance and points to the difficulty of an exact keeping of the condition of synchronisation.

Tesla indeed did work on a theory of his own, but never published it. The patent office and his lawyers had to proceed from the Maxwell theory, although Tesla knew only too good, that his apparatus in no way could be described with this theory. It therefore can't be excluded, that important facts in his patent specifications haven't been mentioned at all - or even worse - consciously or unconsciously in an inapplicable manner have been explained with the Maxwell theory.

Perhaps this is the more profound reason, why the numerous Tesla imitations don't want to function quite so well. With the new theory there should be some changes, and we should accept the challenge for the sake of humanity.

Claims to an up-to date environmental policy
in view of longitudinal electromagnetic energy waves
= Tesla waves = neutrino radiation = scalar waves
= potential vortex waves:


1. Gauges must be developed and built, with which the
energy waves can be measured.

2.All technical apparatus should be tested regarding the
emission of energy waves. Harmful radiation should be
avoided.

3.Only such transmitter antennas may be brought into
action, which emit a minimum of energy waves.

4. The ability of biological systems to absorb energy waves
should be determined. To that also belongs the
question, how many vortices collect locally and how
fast they fall apart.

5. Limits for allowed pressure produced by artificially
energy waves should be fixed, regulations and laws
enacted.

6. The in nature available energy waves should be
brought to a technical use, with the goal of a natural
energy production.

http://www.meyl.eu/go/index.php?dir=30_ ... sublevel=0



_________________
Peace, Live Long and Prosper.

Man lives in the sunlit world of what he believes to be reality. But there is, unseen by most, an underworld, a place that is just as real, but not as brightly lit... a Darkside."

Last edited by junglelord on Fri Jan 18, 2008 9:56 pm; edited 1 time in total
There is something beyond our mind which abides in silence within our mind. It is the supreme mystery beyond thought. Let one's mind and one's subtle body rest upon that and not rest on anything else. — Maitri Upanishad
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Re: Electric Theory, Maxwells Formula, Tesla Scalar Vortex

Unread postby bboyer » Wed Apr 02, 2008 11:09 am

Posted: Wed Jan 16, 2008 2:40 pm Post subject: Reply with quote
OP "junglelord"

Well we have come to an epiloge as it were. Even "currently" the forum is discussing the use of semantics for a new electric theory! I hope this inclusion of another history lesson is now important to honour the ancients and to light our path into the future. A new Four Field Theory of Electricity and the Hydromagnetic Field.



Epilogue
The correctness of a new theory not by all means guarantees, that it also is accepted! A new theory must be used. Only if a concrete need exists then an acknowledgement is to be expected if at first only by the direct beneficiaries.

In november 1994 in Munich the trade fair "Electronica" took place. Here invited by the Deutschen Gesellschaft fur EMV-Technologie (German association for EMC-technology, note of the translator) the books about potential vortices [Al, A2] were honoured with a prize by an internationally renowned EMC-scientist. The number of people, who the
potential vortex theory helps further to find answers to problems, which until now aren't explicable, grows further.

Nevertheless, nobody should believe that something will be changed to the content of the text books in the shelves that fast. Habit and laziness encourage to further use the to date interpretation, even if a new theory has ready a better and convincing answer. It will take some time, to give an example, till the heating of water in a microwave oven is explained
as eddy losses, as is described sound by the potential vortex theory already today.

The discovery of a physical phenomenon may happen in a fright second. Its acknowledgement on the other hand as a rule is a lengthy procedure. If we look back in history we find out that even in the past it hasn't been otherwise.

Of the four fundamental phenomena in fig. 8.2 at first the tension voltages and the charges have been discovered by Coulomb (5.7e)(5.7c): An effect of the eddy currents was observed already 1825 by the French physicist Arago. He discovered that a magnetic needle suspended above a rotating disc tends to rotate along. Out of ignorance he named the effect "rotational magnetism".

But the eddy currents could only be mathematically described with the help of two laws, the law of Ampere (1820) and the law of induction of Faraday (1831). Because the effect due to the eddy current losses rather was regarded as disturbing, technical applications or patents at first have stayed out. At first Riidenberg has carried out fundamental calculations for eddy current brakes in 1906. The discovery and usage of the "skin effect" is to be attributed to Tesla.

(5.7b): The electromagnetic wave for the first time was mathematically described by Maxwell (1864). He had aimed to calculate the light and he could show, that his theory actually could correctly describe all properties of the light. With that he was able to prove the correctness of his theory. But he had to deal with many sceptics, because he had postulated the dielectric displacement, without however in his lifetime being able to
measure it because of its smallness.

This may be the reason, why the discovery is attributed to Heinrich Hertz and was and is spoken of the Hertzian wave. Neutrally seen Hertz at first was nothing more than a enthusiastic pupil, who had worked through the "Treatise", Maxwells books. All results, which Hertz could observe experimentally, already were contained in the Maxwell-theory and published.

But the great mathematical description of Maxwell at first had a purely academic importance. The interest of the general public on the other hand concentrates on the practical applicability. Hertz had experimented with antennas and has laid the foundations of the building of a gauge for electromagnetic waves (1888). The wireless transmission of invisible waves was convincing. It was an entirely new technology, which stimulated fantasy in view of a technical usage. A practical man, who was stimulated by the theoretical realizations, was Marconi. He goes for the inventor of the radio (1895, Nobel prize: 1909).

Between the three summits, first the calculation and at the same time discovery, second the measurement and third the usage of the wave phenomenon lay 31 years, and the radio technology is developing still further, even today. In the area of the cellular phone network and the telecommunication even a kind of gold mining mood prevails, which
can't be impressed much even by hints of an electromagnetic environmental compatibility.

In the euphoria of the past 100 years is fallen into oblivion completely, that besides the by Hertz detected transverse wave in the wave equation according to Laplace and according to the original version of Maxwell also a longitudinal wave was described mathematically. This one was discovered and detected by Tesla in numerous experiments. With reference to his discovery Tesla initially had asserted publicly, Hertz had been at fault, with which he undoubtedly was wrong and had incurred the wrath and the scorn of the scientific community. As a result of this development his experiments haven't been reproduced and the discovery of the scalar wave could fall into oblivion.

Not enough with such sanctions against the inconvenient freethinker Tesla a series of professors like Gibbs and Heaviside have made cuts and discarded all parts from the original version of the Maxwell equations, which by that time weren't considered to be experimentally proven by experiments of Ampere, of Faraday, of Ohm and Hertz.

With that the scalar waves fell victim to the axe, what, though it had encountered severe criticism, finally entered as textbook opinion into all textbooks, after Hertz also had sanctioned this measure.
If the field equations according to Maxwell in today's revised version don't describe scalar waves anymore, then all orthodox scientists, who want to bear reference to that, have to bear one thing in mind: discarding a term of an equation is the same as neglecting it. But the term only may be neglected if it is sufficiently small. The first thing every student learns in the physical practical training is that this first has to be tested. For that
the term has to be measured and its order of magnitude must be determined.

Then it is little helpful and extremely unscientific, if at first is neglected and on the basis of the revised field equations, which have put all scalar waves to zero, is demonstrated that the neglect was allowed or even necessary.

A practical example are the longitudinal wave parts, like they occur and are proven in the near-field of a transmitter antenna. Considering the order of magnitude a neglect is out of the question. On the other hand they should not exist at all according to textbook physics, because they had fallen victim to the axe. Since most scientists in present time do not
know about the cutting action anymore, they are postulating field vortices anew in the proximity of an antenna. Field vortices, which are propagating longitudinally in the direction of a field pointer as a scalar wave.

http://www.meyl.eu/go/index.php?dir=30_ ... sublevel=0



Meyl on the very subject of linguistics and older text and modern terms and the need to have a full modern theory that will by necessity require new technical language. Maybe a full understanding of the full theory of electricity with a full research of history will provide a clear path for honour of the ancients and a path into the future with a cohesive technical language.

My Tesla research has taken me back to Plato! We need to research history,nature and electicity with the diligence of Tesla and recognize that Birkeland and his history is just one piece of the missing puzzle! It is clear that from Plato to Kelvin the Vortex theory was considered! Lord Kelvin wrote a paper about the vortex of longitudinal energy as discovered by Tesla! Tesla built and studied the effects of the first Z Pinch Device, his Magnifying Trasmitter with resistive discharge capacitors as both primary and secondary with Spiral Coils that built up incredible voltages with no current in the coil ie without magnetic induction and in the process released Neutrinos and Coronal Whitefire as well as transmitted DC wireless and a host of other electric phenomenon.

Lets put that in the EU pipe and smoke it.

"as the potential vortex turns into waves or the wave into potential vortices, the smells are formed during this transition, and smells are smoke or fog. But fog is the transition of waves into vortices, the transition of the vortex into waves however smoke".

Plato here provides an indisputable and conclusive interpretation of the fundamental field equation. In this equation the potential vortex acts as damping term in the wave equation, what in the case of waves rolling up to vortices will show to the observer in the way that the electromagnetic waves and therefore also the light will be damped. We say, the visibility gets worse and speak of fog. If the damping phenomenon disappears again, as the potential vortices break up, then Plato speaks of smoke.

Numerous ancient texts, which until now only could be "interpreted" philosophically, in this way turn out to be a rational textbook description of natural scientific phenomena.

They anyway only get readable and understandable for the general public with the modern technical terms.

Plato (talk of Timaios about the formation of the world)
description concerning the perception of smell:
"...as water (the potential vortex) turns into air (waves) or air (the
wave) into water (potential vortices), the smells are formed during
this transition, and smells are smoke or fog. But fog is the transition
of air (waves) into water (vortices), the transition of water (vortex)
into air (waves) however smoke"
changed translation with the technical terms:
air______ = ____wave
water = ___ potential vortex
fire ______ = ____ eddy current
As a consequence:
smell is vortex information

If the newly discovered vortex phenomenon of the vortex of the electric field exists, then it will be possible to practically use it. Whereas we still think about possibilities for technical usage, there by all means exists the possibility, that nature already is successfully using the vortex for a long time. We should look precise at things. We can only learn of nature!

Remarkable about the passage of Plato is not only the fact, that the potential vortex already was known for two and a half thousand years and was taken into consideration for an interpretation, but also the realization of Plato, that during the described transition the smells form. Smell thus would be a vortex property!

After all vortices are able to bind information as can be inferred from the basic principle of cybernetics. With this vortex property and the statement of Plato smell obviously would be nothing else than pure information which by potential vortices is stored, distributed and eventually is caught by the hair cells for smell of the nose.

For the majority of the people a theory only wins its sense by the practical applicability, and therefore we'll have to develop and present a technical usage on the basis of the vortex theory.

http://www.meyl.eu/go/index.php?dir=30_ ... sublevel=0


_________________
Peace, Live Long and Prosper.

Man lives in the sunlit world of what he believes to be reality. But there is, unseen by most, an underworld, a place that is just as real, but not as brightly lit... a Darkside."

Last edited by junglelord on Fri Jan 18, 2008 9:58 pm; edited 2 times in total
There is something beyond our mind which abides in silence within our mind. It is the supreme mystery beyond thought. Let one's mind and one's subtle body rest upon that and not rest on anything else. — Maitri Upanishad
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Re: Electric Theory, Maxwells Formula, Tesla Scalar Vortex

Unread postby bboyer » Wed Apr 02, 2008 11:21 am

Posted: Wed Jan 16, 2008 4:35 pm Post subject: Reply with quote
OP "StefanR"

If the newly discovered vortex phenomenon of the vortex of the electric field exists, then it will be possible to practically use it. Whereas we still think about possibilities for technical usage, there by all means exists the possibility, that nature already is successfully using the vortex for a long time. We should look precise at things. We can only learn of nature!



And this is where for me Meyl strikes the root. The applicabillity of neutrinos to biophotons can make a wonderful insight for the Human Question. How wonderful the sight of the flatcoil compared to the chlorophyl-molecule or the human nerveous system( brain and spine) or the crook/Lituus used by the Romans.

150px-Augur2C_Nordisk_familjebok.png
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chlorophyl.gif

uchr_02_img0126.jpg
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singlewiretesla.jpg

zenuw.jpg

hertzgolf.jpg
hertzgolf.jpg (10.02 KiB) Viewed 13069 times
hertz
teslagolf.jpg
electric
magneticgolf.jpg
magnetic

(also showing a single wire system by Tesla, nerve conduction, the hertz wave, the tesla (electric wave (longitudinal) , magnetic wave (longitudinal)

Mediation of information with the help of scalar waves
If for the discussed scalar wave gauge the transmitted comparison signal in addition
deviates from the form of a sinus, if the signal is modulated in some way, then even the
transmission of information by means of the noise as scalar wave can be realized. If we as
an example again take the aura of man, which is more than only a radiation field, it carries
information for instance about the state of health of man. Kirlian photography is one form
of making it visible (Fig. 3.6).
Not only the nerve conduction and the brain work with scalar waves. Man in this way also
corresponds with his fellow people, some more, others less. There are people who ,,beam"
and that should be interpreted in the true meaning of the word. Others opposite to that are
more ,,receiver characters", who pick up more scalar wave radiation than they give away.
But because they not only pick up positive radiation energy, they are susceptible to
information, which makes sick. That's why a healthy equilibrium in the exchange of
thoughts, feelings and the different forms of scalar waves is very important. All that is
reflected in the aura of man. If we technically are capable to scan the aura of man, than
this can be a blessing for humanity and for the public health.
The possible abuse however must not be overlooked. Unbiased research results, which can
be used for the benefit of humanity, in many cases just as well can be used to harm
humanity.
A connector of both these worlds is the Russian psychologist Prof. Smirnov, who has
shown publicly in television, how a spoken sentence can be transformed in a noise signal,
which is taken up directly by the brain as information,....

We here are getting in the domain of ethical and moral problems of scalar wave research,
which aren't solved by us looking away and leaving the field up to others. According to
the words of Prof. Smirnov the only thing, which can stop the research scientist, is his own
moral. He doesn't say any more and that isn't exactly reassuring! One here is working
with ,,signals resembling sound", is said in the report of the Zweite Deutsche Fernsehen,
thus with longitudinal waves and that shows, that already more knowledge about scalar
waves is present than is generally known by the masses.
Another way is leading over the bioresonance. Also here at first the possibility and chance
to cure diseases is to the fore. The bioresonance is a central aid in the area of the medicine
of oscillation, which is increasing in importance permanently
.



There even exist people, who don't need any technical aid at all to get rid of unpleasant
resonances. Some meditate and go into resonance with themselves, whereas others prefer
to love a person, to whom they feel ,,attracted" or with whom they are ,,on the same
wavelength", which means as much that they go into resonance with this person.
In the Catholic Church for instance the priests are not allowed to get married, because they
should be in a resonance with the church and with God.


400px-Lituussvg.png

The word lituus originally meant a curved staff ("crozier") or trumpet in the ancient Latin language, and is used with several meanings in English:
The lituus was a cult instrument in Roman religion, used by augurs to mark out a ritual space in the sky (a templum). The passage of birds through this templum indicated divine favor or disfavor for a given undertaking.
The lituus was also used as a symbol of office for the college of the augurs to mark them out as a priestly group.
In mathematics, a lituus is a spiral in which the angle is inversely proportional to the square of the radius (as expressed in polar coordinates). This spiral is asymptotic to the line θ = 0.


_________________
"And surely struggle against him we must in every possible way who would annihilate knowledge and reason and mind, and yet ventures to speak confidently about anything."
Plato, Phaedo

Last edited by StefanR on Wed Jan 16, 2008 6:55 pm; edited 4 times in total
There is something beyond our mind which abides in silence within our mind. It is the supreme mystery beyond thought. Let one's mind and one's subtle body rest upon that and not rest on anything else. — Maitri Upanishad
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Re: Electric Theory, Maxwells Formula, Tesla Scalar Vortex

Unread postby bboyer » Wed Apr 02, 2008 11:30 am

Posted: Wed Jan 16, 2008 6:17 pm Post subject: Reply with quote
OP "junglelord"

Here is the Galactic Current as presented by Meyl in Resonance with negitive stars at the galactic center and positive stars in the region of the sun. I would replace his galactic black hole with a MECO but otherwise I can work with his model. If as I suspect the Tesla Magnifying Transmitter was a Theta Pinch and since it did create a Neutrino pressure field then maybe the theory presented below is a good candidate. As I understand his model the intersection of harmonic Scalar nodes in the field are the positions of stars. The revelation of harmonic scalar nodes in the galactic model is a important step forward.


These considerations suggest, that also gravitation and electromagnetic interaction merely describe the special case of oscillating interactions with frequency zero. To avoid confusions, we'll have to think of new names.
The electromagnetic interaction can be clarified by means of open field lines, which start at a charged body and end again at another body of unequal charge. In physics classes it is normal to make the field lines of a magnet visible with iron filing. Between the unlike poles a force of attraction is observed.

If we this time assume that both magnetic poles change their polarity at the same time, then the force will decrease for a short time during the changing of polarity, to afterwards be active again in full magnitude and in the same direction. Therefore a force of attraction is observed again even for a reversed polarity.

The generalization hence reads: The electromagnetic interaction will occur also in the oscillating case, but in weakened form, if both bodies involved in the interaction change their polarity synchronously and if they are in resonance. A name by analogy would be "resonating interaction".

It is known of the electromagnetic interaction, that its effect is larger than that of the gravitation by powers often. This presumably has to do with the described and observable bundling up of the open field lines, whereas closed field lines can't be bundled up. The gravitation hence is linked with the closed field lines, which surround all elementary particles, every atom and every body.

The opposite of the bundling up is the repulsion of open field lines, for which reason here also forces of repulsion can occur. For the gravitation however no repulsion is observed, because closed field lines virtually can't be influenced.

The question, what keeps a galaxy together, now can be answered unambiguously. The well-known interactions already have been excluded. If for the enormous distances the gravitation can't keep the outer stars anymore in accordance with the Kepler rule, then the levitation won't be able at all.

Oscillating Interaction
Therefore the oscillating charge is left. Actually the resonating interaction will reach to the outermost areas of a galaxy. The bundling up of the field lines results in the centre of the galaxy and one of its stars to stand in an exclusive resonance to each other, what looked at from the outside looks like, as if the star hangs at an invisible string or a "rubber band"
and thus turns around the centre.

Because quite a few stars hang at the centre of a galaxy, it can be assumed that it provides correspondingly many resonance. The centre perhaps is comparable with an extremely broad banded transmitter, which operates on all channels simultaneously. The stars then pick as a receiver the for them suitable channels and hang themselves by "rubber band" at the heap.

Should there exist any particles with an oscillating charge, which synchronize between centre and star with the resonating interaction, then they will mediate between both partners. If we assume that the centre at one channel just is positively charged, then all at the same time negatively charged particles will be attracted, the positively charged
particles however repelled. Whereas the unlike particles in the centre participate directly in the production and maintaining of the oscillation, the like positively charged particles will be hurled into space.

But at the same time does a star, which clings to the centre, have to be negatively charged. It hence attracts the repelled particle. The particle thus drifts from the centre to the star, even then if all three, the centre, the star and the particle, change in polarity. The result is, that the stars grow in diameter by collecting the particles. Only because our sun actually
grows, it has the chance, to sometime become a red giant!

Since the sun radiates, as is well-known, in every second a radiation equivalent of 5 million tons, it permanently has to be supplied with a substantially greater amount of matter. If a resonating interaction should occur, then our sun will get its "material" supplied from the centre of the Milky Way and that is a black hole [MECO]!

But no particle with a mass comes out of such a hole, yes not even light. For a particle to be able to leave the black hole, it should have neither charge nor mass. At most an oscillating charge and mass would be allowed. Such a particle would have an enormous ability of penetration as a result of the missing static interaction. It would be able to rush through the earth unhindered.

According to actual knowledge only neutrinos have the described properties. One also knows that the centre of our Milky Way represents a mighty source of neutrinos.

From this derivation follows:
1. As mediators of the resonating interaction serve synchronously oscillating neutrinos.

2. Starting with the proof of the neutrinos it should be able to backwards also prove the
existence of the resonating interaction.

3. If, as a practical consequence, we imagine that the centre of the Milky Way wouldn't supply neutrinos anymore. Then the whole galaxy would fall apart and not one of its stars would shine anymore.

http://www.meyl.eu/go/index.php?dir=30_ ... sublevel=0


_________________
Peace, Live Long and Prosper.

Man lives in the sunlit world of what he believes to be reality. But there is, unseen by most, an underworld, a place that is just as real, but not as brightly lit... a Darkside."

Last edited by junglelord on Fri Jan 18, 2008 9:58 pm; edited 2 times in total
There is something beyond our mind which abides in silence within our mind. It is the supreme mystery beyond thought. Let one's mind and one's subtle body rest upon that and not rest on anything else. — Maitri Upanishad
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Re: Electric Theory, Maxwells Formula, Tesla Scalar Vortex

Unread postby bboyer » Wed Apr 02, 2008 11:30 am

Posted: Wed Jan 16, 2008 6:29 pm Post subject: Reply with quote
OP "StefanR"

I agree it is, and it is with the addition of the thunderbolts info on that cosmological part of the model that it reinforces each other.
_________________
"And surely struggle against him we must in every possible way who would annihilate knowledge and reason and mind, and yet ventures to speak confidently about anything."
Plato, Phaedo
There is something beyond our mind which abides in silence within our mind. It is the supreme mystery beyond thought. Let one's mind and one's subtle body rest upon that and not rest on anything else. — Maitri Upanishad
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Re: Electric Theory, Maxwells Formula, Tesla Scalar Vortex

Unread postby bboyer » Wed Apr 02, 2008 11:31 am

Posted: Wed Jan 16, 2008 6:46 pm Post subject: Reply with quote
OP "junglelord"

Great that you could paste some pics. Could you move them down instead of across to keep the page easy to read?
Thanks.

PS I am just getting into the biological information. I had surmised years ago that scalar waves were essential in biological systems. I had come to the conclusion that Energy was Information.

I got flamed bad over at Above Top Secret for that notion by a moderator by the name of byrd that was so stiff....some information tech major who said I did not understand systems and information.
:roll:

I see that Meyl thinks the same thing as I do and that I can now marry the rest of my clinical experince and technical experince with the rest of the book you let me read. Thanks so much.
8-)
_________________
Peace, Live Long and Prosper.

Man lives in the sunlit world of what he believes to be reality. But there is, unseen by most, an underworld, a place that is just as real, but not as brightly lit... a Darkside."
There is something beyond our mind which abides in silence within our mind. It is the supreme mystery beyond thought. Let one's mind and one's subtle body rest upon that and not rest on anything else. — Maitri Upanishad
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Re: Electric Theory, Maxwells Formula, Tesla Scalar Vortex

Unread postby bboyer » Wed Apr 02, 2008 11:33 am

Posted: Wed Jan 16, 2008 7:55 pm Post subject: Reply with quote
OP "junglelord"

<snip>

His theory of a Steady State Universe is much more impressive then the Big Bang. Wave and vortex are two possible forms of state, so that for the conversion of one state in the other state at first no energy is necessary. The change of state depends on the local field relations. The 2nd Law of Thermodynamics may need to be revisited in the presence of galactic vortex phenomenon.


The hypothesis of the Big Bang moreover contradicts every causality. It is not able to give an answer concerning the origin and the future of the universe and on the question of the origin of the energy and the particles. With that its physical value of explanation goes towards zero.

If we again hold the theory of objectivity against the theory of relativity, we come to quite other answers. Here apart from the waves also vortices are found. Specially in the case of the spherical vortex a part of the wave power is enclosed in the inside, so that looked at from the outside a from zero differing energetic state results, which even is accessible measuring technically.

Wave and vortex are two possible forms of state, so that for the conversion of one state in the other state at first no energy is necessary. The change of state depends on the local field relations.

If we assume that in the beginning the cosmos was free of energy and particles. Then the first vortex was a possible product of chance with an infinite extension. This first spherical vortex, which was contracted under the potential vortex pressure, gave structure to space, gave it energy and field and took care for the rolling up and formation of new vortices.

It can be assumed, that even today new particles continually are being formed in the fringe areas of the infinitely extended cosmos, which fly towards us and in doing so contract. They are attracted and at the same time shrunk by the fields of the celestial bodies. They form the source of all matter and energy for our observable universe, which permanently
is changing its structure. Because the same oscillation with reversed sign is enclosed in the inside of the spherical vortex, the sum of the energy present in the cosmos is exactly equal to zero. With that the question concerning the causality is superfluous.

Most likely a small experiment convinces us. We heat two spheres, one somewhat less, the other somewhat more. Then we focus the heat radiation of the less hot sphere with help of a parabolic mirror and point it to the hotter one of both. That as a result becomes hotter, whereas the colder is cooled down. The heat thus has flown from the colder to the hotter sphere. Is it allowed to do that?

According to the 2nd law of thermodynamics it of course isn't. There the heat always can only flow from the hot to the cold sphere. But in this primitive experiment it measurable and verifiable flows in the wrong direction. Here the entropy, which is said to always only increase, actually decreases. Here entropy is being destroyed!

Our sun clearly functions and operates illegally under the current model!
The surface temperature amounts to only 5800 degrees Kelvin and supplies the atmosphere of the sun with energy. The energy thus flows from the sun to the corona, and that is with values above 1,000,000 degrees Kelvin for some powers of ten hotter!

Only the vortex concept resolves the many question marks without compulsion. In the case of the sun certainly vortices are at work. Here the high temperature in the corona arises as a result of vortices falling apart. We also speak of eddy losses. The transport takes place by heat radiation, exactly as in the experiment with the two spheres. The possibility exists therefore in vortex processes as well as in technical circle processes that heat could flow from the colder to the hotter sphere.

Whether this is an offence against the 2nd law of thermodynamics, is in the end a question of interpretation of the law and up to the opinions of the scholars.

Also nature needs energy, even very much. But it hasn't got any connecting pieces for tanking and no oven lid to fill in the fuel, it doesn't know our ecologically harmful combustion technology and environment destroying explosion technology at all. Nature rather works with the opposite, with implosion and fusion.

The sun, we have derived, materializes the matter which it needs for growing and shining from the neutrino field. The earth and other planets imitate the sun. The concept is simple and convincing. The source of energy lies in the air and mustn't be dragged about in tanks. Collected and materialized is just as much, as is needed at the moment.

In that way the resource energy is spared. In addition there can be done without any sort of storing. In addition it can show a substantially higher power density, than all today known and used energy carriers.

http://www.meyl.eu/go/index.php?dir=30_ ... sublevel=0


_________________
Peace, Live Long and Prosper.

Man lives in the sunlit world of what he believes to be reality. But there is, unseen by most, an underworld, a place that is just as real, but not as brightly lit... a Darkside."

Last edited by junglelord on Fri Jan 18, 2008 9:59 pm; edited 1 time in total
There is something beyond our mind which abides in silence within our mind. It is the supreme mystery beyond thought. Let one's mind and one's subtle body rest upon that and not rest on anything else. — Maitri Upanishad
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Re: Electric Theory, Maxwells Formula, Tesla Scalar Vortex

Unread postby bboyer » Wed Apr 02, 2008 11:37 am

Posted: Thu Jan 17, 2008 12:17 am Post subject: Reply with quote
OP "junglelord"

Well it has been quite a journey! After so much history and possible theory it seems like a good time to actually get a personal lesson from the master himself.

It is amazing to find out that Tesla was the first person to make a Radio Astronomy Reciever, Theta Pinch Device, Tesla Turbine was and still is fastly superior to any other turbine, invented AC, Polyphase, Induction Motores, Radio, TV, Longitudinal Electric Energy, use of the Ionoshere and the earth as a energy carrier and many other critical steps towards the electric universe. Many of these discovers and experiments were not and have not been properly documented or investigated by the general public or electric engineers let alone the EU. This is a step towards full public knowledge of critical lessons from the master himself, Tesla.


His early work in Colorado was a Theta Pinch effect with the early versions of the Magnifying Transmitter. In Colorado Springs, Colorado, Tesla built a laboratory to develop this Longitudinal Energy. The Colorado Springs lab contained the largest Tesla Coil ever built. Called the Magnifying Transmitter, it was capable of generating some 4million volts of power, and could produce a bolt of lightning over 130 feet long. According to local accounts, Tesla actually managed to successfully transmit about 30 to 50 thousand watts of power, without wires, using the Transmitter. 26 miles away he lit 200 Edison 50 watt bulbs to full power. There are detailed accounts of these feats, below. Telsa at work. The shot was taken without Tesla actually in the room with the coil in operation, and the images were combined using a technique similar to a "time delay", double exposure shot. No one could survive in the room with the voltage present, not even Tesla, himself. It does make for a great effect, though, which is exactly what the picture did, at the time.

Nikola Tesla seated inside a circular framework 51 feet in diameter, which supported the primary and secondary conductors of the largest Tesla coil ever built, at his Colorado Springs experimental station in 1899. The oscillator is operating at 100 khz, and the discharges occur with a deafening roar striking an unconnected, comparatively smaller diameter coil 22 feet away. The activity of the oscillator created earth currents of such magnitude that sparks an inch long could be drawn from a water main at a distance of 300 feet from the station. The inscription on the photograph is addressed to Sir William Crookes and reads; To my illustrious friend Sir William Crookes of whom I always think and whose letters I never answer. June 17, 1901 Nikola Tesla.

The special coil, 8 feet in length and 14 inches in diameter, wound for investigation of the influence of elevation upon the capacity of an elevated conductor, appears to the right in this interior view of the Tesla laboratory.

746pxteslacoloradoqs8.jpg


How it Works:

This is for the Waydencliff Transmitter which was a Tesla Magnifying Transmitter for transmitting wireless energy. He had come to realize that the discharge were losses in the system that he learned to control. Rather than acting as a radiator, the large metallic spheroid, now known as an isotropic capacitance, which Tesla positioned above the extra coil was intended only as a reservoir for electrical charge. Another important component of Tesla's Long Island apparatus was an underground array of iron pipes which extended outward from the bottom of a deep shaft beneath the transmitter tower. When coupled with the transmitter these pipes provided a connection to the earth through which a powerful oscillating electrical current would flow. Unlike a conventional radio transmitter with an antenna that radiates dissipating electromagnetic waves out into space, the magnifying transmitter's extra coil excites a low-frequency ground wave called the Zenneck surface wave. In this case the propagating energy does not radiate into space but is concentrated near the earth's surface. Furthermore, Tesla asserted that it is possible to periodically disturb the equilibrium of the earth's electrical charge and cause it to oscillate with his apparatus. This would be accomplished by superposing an extra low frequency baseband signal on the somewhat higher frequency signal coursing through the resonator -- the low frequency current in the presence of an enveloping corona-induced plasma of free charge carriers produced by the oscillator in effect "pumping" the earth's charge.

In Tesla’s own words:

"These and other inventions of mine, however, were nothing more than steps forward in a certain directions. In evolving them, I simply followed the inborn instinct to improve the present devices without any special thought of our far more imperative necessities. The "Magnifying Transmitter" was the product of labours extending through years, having for their chief object, the solution of problems which are infinitely more important to mankind than mere industrial development.

If my memory serves me right, it was in November, 1890, that I performed a laboratory experiment which was one of the most extraordinary and spectacular ever recorded in the annals of Science. In investigating the behavior of high frequency currents, I had satisfied myself that an electric field of sufficient intensity could be produced in a room to light up electrode less vacuum tubes. Accordingly, a transformer was built to test the theory and the first trial proved a marvelous success. It is difficult to appreciate what those strange phenomena meant at the time. We crave for new sensations, but soon become indifferent to them. The wonders of yesterday are today common occurrences. When my tubes were first publicly exhibited, they were viewed with amazement impossible to describe. From all parts of the world, I received urgent invitations and numerous honors and other flattering inducements were offered to me, which I declined. But in 1892 the demand became irresistible and I went to London where I delivered a lecture before the institution of Electrical Engineers.

It has been my intention to leave immediately for Paris in compliance with a similar obligation, but Sir James Dewar insisted on my appearing before the Royal Institution. I was a man of firm resolve, but succumbed easily to the forceful arguments of the great Scotchman. He pushed me into a chair and poured out half a glass of a wonderful brown fluid which sparkled in all sorts of iridescent colors and tasted like nectar. "Now," said he, "you are sitting in Faraday's chair and you are enjoying whiskey he used to drink." (Which did not interest me very much, as I had altered my opinion concerning strong drink). The next evening I have a demonstration before the Royal Institution, at the termination of which, Lord Rayleigh addressed the audience and his generous words gave me the first start in these endeavors. I fled from London and later from Paris, to escape favors showered upon me, and journeyed to my home, where I passed through a most painful ordeal and illness. Upon regaining my health, I began to formulate plans for the resumption of work in America. Up to that time I never realized that I possessed any particular gift of discovery, but Lord Rayleigh, whom I always considered as an ideal man of science, had said so and if that was the case, I felt that I should concentrate on some big idea. At this time, as at many other times in the past, my thoughts turned towards my Mother's teaching. The gift of mental power comes from God, Divine Being, and if we concentrate our minds on that truth, we become in tune with this great power. My Mother had taught me to seek all truth in the Bible; therefore I devoted the next few months to the study of this work.

One day, as I was roaming the mountains, I sought shelter from an approaching storm. The sky became overhung with heavy clouds, but somehow the rain was delayed until, all of a sudden, there was a lightening flash and a few moments after, a deluge. This observation set me thinking. It was manifest that the two phenomena were closely related, as cause and effect, and a little reflection led me to the conclusion that the electrical energy involved in the precipitation of the water was inconsiderable, the function of the lightening being much like that of a sensitive trigger. Here was a stupendous possibility of achievement. If we could produce electric effects of the required quality, this whole planet and the conditions of existence on it could be transformed. The sun raises the water of the oceans and winds drive it to distant regions where it remains in a state of most delicate balance. If it were in our power to upset it when and wherever desired, this might life sustaining stream could be at will controlled. We could irrigate arid deserts, create lakes and rivers, and provide motive power in unlimited amounts. This would be the most efficient way of harnessing the sun to the uses of man. The consummation depended on our ability to develop electric forces of the order of those in nature.

It seemed a hopeless undertaking, but I made up my mind to try it and immediately on my return to the United States in the summer of 1892, after a short visit to my friends in Watford, England; work was begun which was to me all the more attractive, because a means of the same kind was necessary for the successful transmission of energy without wires. At this time I made a further careful study of the Bible, and discovered the key in Revelation. The first gratifying result was obtained in the spring of the succeeding year, when I reaching a tension of about 100,000,000 volts -- one hundred million volts -- with my conical coil, which I figured was the voltage of a flash of lightening. Steady progress was made until the destruction of my laboratory by fire, in 1895, as may be judged from an article by T.C. Martin which appeared in the April number of the Century Magazine. This calamity set me back in many ways and most of that year had to be devoted to planning and reconstruction. However, as soon as circumstances permitted, I returned to the task.

Although I knew that higher electric-motive forces were attainable with apparatus of larger dimensions, I had an instinctive perception that the object could be accomplished by the proper design of a comparatively small and compact transformer. In carrying on tests with a secondary in the form of flat spiral, as illustrated in my patents, the absence of streamers surprised me, and it was not long before I discovered that this was due to the position of the turns and their mutual action. Profiting from this observation, I resorted to the use of a high tension conductor with turns of considerable diameter, sufficiently separated to keep down the distributed capacity, while at the same time preventing undue accumulation of the charge at any point. The application of this principle enabled me to produce pressures of over 100,000,000 volts, which was about the limit obtainable without risk of accident. A photograph of my transmitter built in my laboratory at Houston Street, was published in the Electrical Review of November, 1898.

In order to advance further along this line, I had to go into the open, and in the spring of 1899, having completed preparations for the erection of a wireless plant, I went to Colorado where I remained for more than one year. Here I introduced other improvements and refinements which made it possible to generate currents of any tension that may be desired. Those who are interested will find some information in regard to the experiments I conducted there in my article, "The Problem of Increasing Human Energy," in the Century Magazine of June 1900, to which I have referred on a previous occasion.

I will be quite explicit on the subject of my magnifying transformer so that it will be clearly understood. In the first place, it is a resonant transformer, with a secondary in which the parts, charged to a high potential, are of considerable area and arranged in space along ideal enveloping surfaces of very large radii of curvature, and at proper distances from one another, thereby insuring a small electric surface density everywhere, so that no leak can occur even if the conductor is bare. It is suitable for any frequency, from a few to many thousands of cycles per second, and can be used in the production of currents of tremendous volume and moderate pressure, or of smaller amperage and immense electromotive force. The maximum electric tension is merely dependent on the curvature of the surfaces on which the charged elements are situated and the area of the latter. Judging from my past experience there is no limit to the possible voltage developed; any amount is practicable.

On the other hand, currents of many thousands of amperes may be obtained in the antenna. A plant of but very moderate dimensions is required for such performances. Theoretically, a terminal of less than 90 feet in diameter is sufficient to develop an electromotive force of that magnitude, while for antenna currents of from 2,000-4,000 amperes at the usual frequencies, it need not be larger than 30 feet in diameter. In a more restricted meaning, this wireless transmitter is one in which the Hertz wave radiation is an entirely negligible quantity as compared with the whole energy, under which condition the damping factor is extremely small and an enormous charge is stored in the elevated capacity. Such a circuit may then be excited with impulses of any kind, even of low frequency and it will yield sinusoidal and continuous oscillations like those of an alternator.

Taken in the narrowest significance of the term, however, it is a resonant transformer which, besides possessing these qualities, is accurately proportioned to fit the globe and its electrical constants and properties, by virtue of which design it becomes highly efficient and effective in the wireless transmission of energy. Distance is then ABSOLUTELY ELIMINATED, THERE BEING NO DIMINUTIONS IN THE INTENSITY of the transmitted impulses. It is even possible to make the actions increase with the distance from the plane, according to an exact mathematical law. This invention was one of a number comprised in my "World System" of wireless transmission which I undertook to commercialize on my return to New York in 1900.

As to the immediate purposes of my enterprise, they were clearly outlined in a technical statement of that period from which, I quote, "The world system has resulted from a combination of several original discoveries made by the inventor in the course of long continued research and experimentation. It makes possible not only the instantaneous and precise wireless transmission of any kind of signals, messages or characters, to all parts of the world, but also the inter-connection of the existing telegraph, telephone, and other signal stations without any change in their present equipment. By its means, for instance, a telephone subscriber here may call up and talk to any other subscriber on the Earth. An inexpensive receiver, not bigger than a watch, will enable him to listen anywhere, on land or sea, to a speech delivered or music played in some other place, however distant."

These examples are cited merely to give an idea of the possibilities of this great scientific advance, which annihilates distance and makes that perfect natural conductor, the Earth, available for all the innumerable purposes which human ingenuity has found for a line-wire. One far-reaching result of this is that any device capable of being operated through one or more wires (at a distance obviously restricted) can likewise be actuated, without artificial conductors and with the same facility and accuracy, at distances to which there are no limits other than those imposed by the physical dimensions of the earth. Thus, not only will entirely new fields for commercial exploitation be opened up by this ideal method of transmission, but the old ones vastly extended. The World System is based on the application of the following import and inventions and discoveries:

1) The Tesla Transformer: This apparatus is in the production of electrical vibrations as revolutionary as gunpowder was in warfare. Currents many times stronger than any ever generated in the usual ways and sparks over one hundred feet long, have been produced by the inventor with an instrument of this kind.

2) The Magnifying Transmitter: This is Tesla's best invention, a peculiar transformer specially adapted to excite the earth, which is in the transmission of electrical energy when the telescope is in astronomical observation. By the use of this marvelous device, he has already set up electrical movements of greater intensity than those of lightening and passed a current, sufficient to light more than two hundred incandescent lamps, around the Earth.

3) The Tesla Wireless System: This system comprises a number of improvements and is the only means known for transmitting economically electrical energy to a distance without wires. Careful tests and measurements in connection with an experimental station of great activity, erected by the inventor in Colorado, have demonstrated that power in any desired amount can be conveyed, clear across the Globe if necessary, with a loss not exceeding a few per cent.

4) The Art of Individualization: This invention of Tesla is to primitive Tuning, what refined language is to unarticulated expression. It makes possible the transmission of signals or messages absolutely secret and exclusive both in the active and passive aspect, that is, non-interfering as well as non-interferable. Each signal is like an individual of unmistakable identity and there is virtually no limit to the number of stations or instruments which can be simultaneously operated without the slightest mutual disturbance.

5) The Terrestrial Stationary Waves: This wonderful discovery, popularly explained, means that the Earth is responsive to electrical vibrations of definite pitch, just as a tuning fork to certain waves of sound. These particular electrical vibrations, capable of powerfully exciting the Globe, lend themselves to innumerable uses of great importance commercially and in many other respects. The "first World System" power plant can be put in operation in nine months. With this power plant, it will be practicable to attain electrical activities up to ten million horsepower and it is designed to serve for as many technical achievements as are possible without due expense.

Among these are the following:

The interconnection of existing telegraph exchanges or offices all over the world;
The establishment of a secret and non-interferable government telegraph service;
The interconnection of all present telephone exchanges or offices around the Globe;
The universal distribution of general news by telegraph or telephone, in conjunction with the Press;
The establishment of such a "World System" of intelligence transmission for exclusive private use;
The interconnection and operation of all stock tickers of the world;
The establishment of a World system -- of musical distribution, etc.;
The universal registration of time by cheap clocks indicating the hour with astronomical precision and requiring no attention whatever;
The world transmission of typed or handwritten characters, letters, checks, etc.;
The establishment of a universal marine service enabling the navigators of all ships to steer perfectly without compass, to determine the exact location, hour and speak; to prevent collisions and disasters, etc.;
The inauguration of a system of world printing on land and sea;
The world reproduction of photographic pictures and all kinds of drawings or records..."
I also proposed to make demonstration in the wireless transmission of power on a small scale, but sufficient to carry conviction. Besides these, I referred to other and incomparably more important applications of my discoveries which will be disclosed at some future date. A plant was built on Long Island with a tower 187 feet high, having a spherical terminal about 68 feet in diameter. These dimensions were adequate for the transmission of virtually any amount of energy. Originally, only from 200 to 300 K.W. were provided, but I intended to employ later several thousand horsepower. The transmitter was to emit a wave-complex of special characteristics and I had devised a unique method of telephonic control of any amount of energy. The tower was destroyed two years ago (1917) but my projects are being developed and another one, improved in some features will be constructed.

On this occasion I would contradict the widely circulated report that the structure was demolished by the Government, which owing to war conditions, might have created prejudice in the minds of those who may not know that the papers, which thirty years ago conferred upon me the honor of American citizenship, are always kept in a safe, while my orders, diplomas, degrees, gold medals and other distinctions are packed away in old trunks. If this report had a foundation, I would have been refunded a large sum of money which I expended in the construction of the tower. On the contrary, it was in the interest of the Government to preserver it, particularly as it would have made possible, to mention just one valuable result, the location of a submarine in any part of the world. My plant, services, and all my improvements have always been at the disposal of the officials and ever since the outbreak of the European conflict, I have been working at a sacrifice on several inventions of mine relating to aerial navigation, ship propulsion and wireless transmission, which are of the greatest importance to the country. Those who are well informed know that my ideas have revolutionized the industries of the United States and I am not aware that there lives an inventor who has been, in this respect, as fortunate as myself, -- especially as regards the use of his improvements in the war.

I have refrained from publicly expressing myself on this subject before, as it seemed improper to dwell on personal matters while all the world was in dire trouble. I would add further, in view of various rumors which have reached me, that Mr. J. Pierpont Morgan did not interest himself with me in a business way, but in the same large spirit in which he has assisted many other pioneers. He carried out his generous promise to the letter and it would have been most unreasonable to expect from him anything more. He had the highest regard for my attainments and gave me every evidence of his complete faith in my ability to ultimately achieve what I had set out to do. I am unwilling to accord to some small-minded and jealous individuals the satisfaction of having thwarted my efforts. These men are to me nothing more than microbes of a nasty disease. My project was retarded by laws of nature. The world was not prepared for it. It was too far ahead of time, but the same laws will prevail in the end and make it a triumphal success." [End Quote] Nikola Tesla - My Inventions, Ch. 5 & 6 (in part)

Pretty darn powerful words from Tesla. So, we now know that TESLA thought it was possible. Let's see what else we can discover.

http://www.frank.germano.com/teslas_mag ... mitter.htm



_________________
Peace, Live Long and Prosper.

Man lives in the sunlit world of what he believes to be reality. But there is, unseen by most, an underworld, a place that is just as real, but not as brightly lit... a Darkside."

Last edited by junglelord on Mon Jan 21, 2008 4:26 pm; edited 8 times in total
There is something beyond our mind which abides in silence within our mind. It is the supreme mystery beyond thought. Let one's mind and one's subtle body rest upon that and not rest on anything else. — Maitri Upanishad
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bboyer
 
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Re: Electric Theory, Maxwells Formula, Tesla Scalar Vortex

Unread postby bboyer » Wed Apr 02, 2008 11:39 am

Posted: Thu Jan 17, 2008 12:28 am Post subject: Tesla's oils Reply with quote
OP "StefanR"

Junglelord,

I can remember Tesla being quite particular about the use of oils in certain devices. Can you maybe remember in what relation that was or any other hints of the constituents of the oils he specifically demanded?

By the way, i always thought when you look at that list:

The interconnection of existing telegraph exchanges or offices all over the world;
The establishment of a secret and non-interferable government telegraph service;
The interconnection of all present telephone exchanges or offices around the Globe;
The universal distribution of general news by telegraph or telephone, in conjunction with the Press;
The establishment of such a "World System" of intelligence transmission for exclusive private use;
The interconnection and operation of all stock tickers of the world;
The establishment of a World system -- of musical distribution, etc.;
The universal registration of time by cheap clocks indicating the hour with astronomical precision and requiring no attention whatever;
The world transmission of typed or handwritten characters, letters, checks, etc.;
The establishment of a universal marine service enabling the navigators of all ships to steer perfectly without compass, to determine the exact location, hour and speak; to prevent collisions and disasters, etc.;
The inauguration of a system of world printing on land and sea;
The world reproduction of photographic pictures and all kinds of drawings or records..."


He could have provided Internet 100 years ago.
_________________
"And surely struggle against him we must in every possible way who would annihilate knowledge and reason and mind, and yet ventures to speak confidently about anything."
Plato, Phaedo
There is something beyond our mind which abides in silence within our mind. It is the supreme mystery beyond thought. Let one's mind and one's subtle body rest upon that and not rest on anything else. — Maitri Upanishad
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Re: Electric Theory, Maxwells Formula, Tesla Scalar Vortex

Unread postby bboyer » Wed Apr 02, 2008 11:57 am

Posted: Thu Jan 17, 2008 12:41 am Post subject: Reply with quote
OP "junglelord"

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UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
NIKOLA TESLA OF NEW YORK, N. Y.
SYSTEM OF TRANSMISSION OF ELECTRICAL ENERGY.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 645,576, dated March 20, 1900.

The magnifying transmitter, a Theta Pinch machine was the focus of Tesla's investigations in Colorado, is an advanced form of radio frequency oscillator specifically designed for wireless transmission. In addition to the primary and secondary inductors which made up the classic Tesla coil, Tesla added a third inductor, actually a helical resonator, known as the extra coil. Power from the grounded primary / secondary combination, now known as the master oscillator, was fed to the lower end of the extra coil helical resonator through a heavy electrical conductor.

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Above: Nikola Tesla, with Roger Boskovich's book "Theoria Philosophiae Naturalis", in front of the spiral coil of his high-frequency transformer at East Houston St., New York


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This centrally located extra coil was separated by a wide space from the other two coils, which comprised the master oscillator section. Such spacing minimizes inductive coupling between the extra coil and the master oscillator, preventing, for the most part, a portion of the energy that is continuously flowing into the resonator from passing backward through the system and becoming lost. In addition to maximizing the efficiency of the system, allowing development of the highest possible power output for power consumed, the extra coil also served as the device's main transmitting element.

While Tesla's wireless transmitter and present day radio transmitters are fundamentally the same, the method in which Tesla preferred to use his apparatus was radically different from that which is employed in present day radio systems. Conventional radio transmitters are set up so as to maximize the amount of power radiated from the antenna. When used for long range transmission, such equipment must process tremendous amounts of power in order to counteract the reduction in field strength
(P = 1/R2) encountered as the signal radiates outward from its point of origin. In contrast, Tesla's magnifying transmitter was configured so as to minimize the power which was radiated out into space. Instead of being directed into an elevated antenna, the electrical energy flowing through Tesla's transmitter was sent instead into the extra coil.

Rather than acting as a radiator, the large metallic spheroid, now known as an isotropic capacitance, which Tesla positioned above the extra coil was intended only as a reservoir for electrical charge. Another important component of Tesla's Long Island apparatus was an underground array of iron pipes which extended outward from the bottom of a deep shaft beneath the transmitter tower. When coupled with the transmitter these pipes provided a connection to the earth through which a powerful oscillating electrical current would flow. Unlike a conventional radio transmitter with an antenna that radiates dissipating electromagnetic waves out into space, the magnifying transmitter's extra coil excites a low-frequency ground wave called the Zenneck surface wave. In this case the propagating energy does not radiate into space but is concentrated near the earth's surface. Furthermore, Tesla asserted that it is possible to periodically disturb the equilibrium of the earth's electrical charge and cause it to oscillate with his apparatus. This would be accomplished by superposing an extra low frequency baseband signal on the somewhat higher frequency signal coursing through the resonator -- the low frequency current in the presence of an enveloping corona-induced plasma of free charge carriers produced by the oscillator in effect "pumping" the earth's charge.

It is believed the resulting ground current with the associated Zenneck surface wave complex would have propagated wireless transmissions to any distance around the earth with as little as 5% loss due to radiation. Using a global array of these magnifying transmitters, it was Tesla's plan to establish what he called the World System, providing multichannel global broadcasting, an array of secure wireless telecommunications services, and a long range aid to navigation, including means for the precise synchronization of clocks. In a more highly developed state he envisioned the World System could expand to include the wireless transmission of electrical power.

Telsa at work, below. The shot was taken without Tesla actually in the room with the coil in operation, and the images were combined using a technique similar to a "time delay", double exposure shot. No one could survive in the room with the voltage present, not even Tesla, himself. It does make for a great effect, though, which is exactly what the picture did, at the time.


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Nikola Tesla seated inside a circular framework 51 feet in diameter, which supported the primary and secondary conductors of the largest Tesla coil ever built, at his Colorado Springs experimental station in 1899. The oscillator is operating at 100 khz, and the discharges occur with a deafening roar striking an unconnected, comparatively smaller diameter coil 22 feet away. The activity of the oscillator created earth currents of such magnitude that sparks an inch long could be drawn from a water main at a distance of 300 feet from the station. The inscription on the photograph is addressed to Sir William Crookes and reads; To my illustrious friend Sir William Crookes of whom I always think and whose letters I never answer. June 17, 1901 Nikola Tesla.

The special coil, 8 feet in length and 14 inches in diameter, wound for investigation of the influence of elevation upon the capacity of an elevated conductor, appears to the right in this interior view of the Tesla laboratory.

His early work in Colorado was a Z Pinch effect with the early versions of the Magnifying Transmitter. In Colorado Springs, Colorado, Tesla built a laboratory to develop this Longitudinal Energy. The Colorado Springs lab contained the largest Tesla Coil ever built. Called the Magnifying Transmitter, it was capable of generating some 300,000 watts of power, and could produce a bolt of lightning over 130 feet long. According to local accounts, Tesla actually managed to successfully transmit about 30 to 50 thousand watts of power, without wires, using the Transmitter. There are detailed accounts of these feats, below. Telsa at work. The shot was taken without Tesla actually in the room with the coil in operation, and the images were combined using a technique similar to a "time delay", double exposure shot. No one could survive in the room with the voltage present, not even Tesla, himself. It does make for a great effect, though, which is exactly what the picture did, at the time.

twp07mq9.jpg

Tesla's laboratory at 46 & 48 East Houston Street in New York City. Shown are various laboratory apparatus (note "Egg of Columbus" demonstration device at center). The laboratory is brilliantly illuminated with his high frequency lamps. Circa 1901

twp06qp7.jpg

Tesla's laboratory at 46 & 48 East Houston Street in New York City, a few blocks south of Washington Square. The New York oscillator is shown in operation. A free standing primary loop and primary capacitors are to the left and rear with the secondary in the background to the right. Circa 1899.

twp05kw5.jpg

Tesla's laboratory at 46 & 48 East Houston Street in New York City. Shown is a demonstration of his system for the transmission of electrical energy through natural media — a view of his magnifying oscillation transformer in action. Actual width of space traversed by the luminous streamers issuing from the single circular terminal terminating the extra coil is over 16 feet; the area covered is approximately 200 square feet. Estimated pressure is 2 1/2 million volts, the safe limit for this laboratory. It was here that Tesla discovered extraordinary conductive properties of the atmosphere, and to pursue these investigations further he sought to establish an experimental station at a remote location where he would be unrestricted in producing vastly greater voltages. Circa 1896-1898.


twp13gr1.jpg

A rare shot of the second large Colorado Springs oscillator in an early stage of development.

twp10rr4.jpg

Tesla's experimental station at Colorado Springs. Shown is the extra coil discharging from a brass ring at its top to which thin wires, pointing upward, are fastened. The sparks pass upward to a metal hood fastened to the base of the tower. When operating in this fashion the coil produces the effect of a hot furnace, creating a strong current of air through the open roof. 1899.

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A photograph taken in Colorado Springs, showing the general way in which Tesla sometimes obtained two oscillations. The picture shows a large ball which formed the terminal of the transmitting circuit wound on a frame running around the laboratory, which is seen in the background, and which was used as one element of the complex transmitter. As the other element he would use a second coil of which he had a considerable number, and one of which is shown in the photograph to the left of the observer, at a distance of something like 20 or 25 feet from the ball. When employing the apparatus in accordance with the invention described in his METHOD OF SIGNALING application a coil, as the one illustrated, would be connected to a terminal, such as the ball shown, with one of its ends, while the other end was grounded or, as the case may be, connected to the ground through a condenser. When the transmitter was set at work and the discharge took place, both of the systems would vibrate, each its own period, and thus two vibrations of suitable frequency were passed into the ground, and were used to excite two receiver circuits, each tuned to one of them. This method was also used in obtaining more then two oscillations.

twp08oq1.jpg

Tesla's experimental station at Colorado Springs. View of the interior, showing oscillator components including condensers, break motor and regulating coil in the primary circuit. Westinghouse high tension transformer, supply transformers and lightning arresters in background. December 1899.

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Tesla's experimental station at Colorado Springs. Interior closeup, of oscillator components including condensers, regulating coil, and Westinghouse high tension transformer. December 1899.

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One of Tesla's assistants posed at the variable-inductance crank in the primary circuit of the large Colorado Springs experimental station oscillator (1899). The primary winding was a heavy, two turn, multi-strand cable 50 feet in diameter. Note the long insulated handle on the crank.

twp11yo1.jpg

Tesla's experimental station at Colorado Springs. Shown is an ante room off the main experimental area. An X-ray photographic cabinet can be seen on the table, and underneath the table an electric heater. It should be pointed out that this was the only source of heat in the cold winter days from October to January 1900 when Tesla returned to New York City. 1899.

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Front view of the Colorado Springs experimental station, with Union Printers Home in background. A special coil wound for investigation of the influence of elevation upon the capacity of an elevated conductor is visible in front of the laboratory. 1899

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UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
NIKOLA TESLA, OF NEW YORK, N. Y.
APPARATUS FOR TRANSMITTING ELECTRICAL ENERGY
1,119,732. Specification of Letters Patent. Patented Dec. 1, 1914.

wp003iu4.jpg

Tesla's Wardenclyffe plant on Long Island in partial stage of completion. Work on the 55-foot diameter cupola had not yet begun. Note what appears to be a coal car parked next to the building. From this facility, Tesla hoped to demonstrate wireless transmission of electrical energy to France. Circa 1902

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Tesla's behemoth tower, to be used for trans-Atlantic wireless communications and the demonstration of wireless power transmission, was erected in 1901 at Wardenclyffe (now Shoreham) on Long Island. Built almost entirely of wood, with a 55-ton skeleton spheroid of steel at the top, it was designed so that every spar could be taken out at any time and replaced if necessary. Photo by Lillian McChesney, circa 1916.

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A photograph taken in the Wardenclyffe plant generator room showing a 200 kilowatt, 3-phase direct-connecting Westinghouse alternating current generator. It was driven by a Westinghouse auto compound engine No.1497, 16 x 27 x 16 feet.
_________________
Peace, Live Long and Prosper.

Man lives in the sunlit world of what he believes to be reality. But there is, unseen by most, an underworld, a place that is just as real, but not as brightly lit... a Darkside."

Last edited by junglelord on Mon Jan 21, 2008 4:56 pm; edited 5 times in total
There is something beyond our mind which abides in silence within our mind. It is the supreme mystery beyond thought. Let one's mind and one's subtle body rest upon that and not rest on anything else. — Maitri Upanishad
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