Geysers, dust devils, tornadoes, aurorae, stalactites, kimberlite pipes, salt domes, volcanic vents etc are vertical phenomena.
Sedimentary rock layers, caves, rilles, canyons, veins etc are horizontal phenomena.
Do each kind of vertical phenomena occur in similar ways? Likewise re horizontal?
Is it true that electric and magnetic fields occur at right angles to each other? Do branches of lightning shoot off at 90 degree angles, the same way that lightning-carved canyon branches occur at 90 degree angles to the main channels? If so, is it due to the electric and magnetic fields being at right angles?
* At Mummified Dinosaurs / electric fossilization...?
I posted images of stalactites in France that have horizontal branches
* I also said:
* I was searching the forum for kimberlite, since diamonds are found there [in kimberlite pipes] and my recent post here mentions how silicon can transmute into diamond.
* Wikipedia says: "Kimberlite occurs in the Earth's crust in vertical structures known as kimberlite pipes. Kimberlite pipes are the most important source of mined diamonds today."
* In the thread, Intriguing discussion on the role of planetary mechanics, at
http://thunderbolts.info/forum/phpBB3/v ... ite#p17180
Steve Smith said:
- I would say that Kimberlite pipes, plutons, and salt domes are areas where smaller discharges drew ionized underground material together (magma could be considered solid plasma since it carries a charge), pulling it upward. When the discharge passed, the structures re-solidified. Obviously, halite [sodium chloride; salt] is another charged substance.
- Here are salt dome images
http://images.google.com/images?gbv=2&h ... s&aq=f&oq=
http://thunderbolts.info/forum/phpBB3/v ... ite#p20894
* So it's interesting to see the thread title, Sodium in Enceladus Plumes, since salt contains sodium:
http://thunderbolts.info/forum/phpBB3/v ... ser#p20580
* And then at SuperConductivity: Research & Findings & Thoughts
http://thunderbolts.info/forum/phpBB3/v ... yser#p7652
[Re magnetic fields] Is Mars electrically "damaged," ... such that it no longer functions correctly electrically? Or is something else going on? ~Michael Gmirkin
with type-II superconductors one would not expect an 'induced' ordered magnetic field but a "mixed state" wherein some areas exhibit 'induced' or diamganetically 'expelled' magnetic fields and other areas would have lower to nonexistant magetic fields. Of course there would then be abrupt and/or subtle transitions from one area to the other "...on Mars the direction of the magnetic field changes dramatically from place to place."
Note that "... magnetic field penetrates into these materials as quantized vortex filaments." The analgolous "penetration depth" at planetary scales would make this a crustal phenomena.
-Dust devils would be analgoulous to "quantized vortex filaments". Now an interesting thing to consider with this comparrison is that in order for surperconductivity to remain the vortices *cannot* move. In order to acheive consistent superconductivity "defects" must be added to the superconducting material to "pin" the vortices. Dust devils on Mars appear to occur on flat plains i.e. no "pinning" sites:
Adding defects can "pin" the vortex in place and restore zero resistance
Dust Devils at Gusev, Sol 525
It would make for an interesting comparison of areas prone to dust devil activity and the local magnetic field strength of those same regions to contrast with that crustal magnetism map. Tornado alley type relationships come to mind.
As far as the Martian south pole and it's magnetism is concerned I suspect that it's electric functionality is no different than that of the south pole of Enceladus. However, because of the dry ice cap, iron rich soil, thin CO2 atmosphere etc the Martian south polar "plume"-like activity simply has a different characteristic of expression at it's electric navel.
- I would also venture in relation to the Martian south polar supposed "geyser" activity that some of the "holes" produced in the dry ice cap are the result of "pinned vortices" i.e. the penetration of magnetic field lines which would then result in the production of diamagnetic "expulsion" or 'induction' of the magnetic field in that area. Again, like Enceladus the polar regions are the touchdown points for the planetary electrical umbilical cord. As a result there will probably always be greater stability and pronouncement of electrical influences in polar regions.
* At Glowing Neptune is said:
http://thunderbolts.info/forum/phpBB3/v ... yser#p6345
And there are dark patches [on Triton] that are believed to be due to N2 geysers.
Dark ejecta caused by geysers, sounds very Martian to me
* Also The Triton-Neptune interaction
http://thunderbolts.info/forum/phpBB3/v ... yser#p6255
Image of Triton geysers
http://www.chm.bris.ac.uk/webprojects19 ... itncap.gif
* It says on the TPOD May 21, 2007 - "Dalmatian Spots" of Mars' South Pole
http://www.thunderbolts.info/tpod/2007/ ... nspots.htm
Could electric discharge be excavating the spots on the ice? Discharge frequently occurs in discrete columns, as in the discharge experiment photograph on the left. (Many variations on the basic pattern could be given).
The lining up of discharge columns is commonly seen in the Earths auroras (north polar aurora below left, and Aurora Australis below right). Of course the electrical cause of auroral activity underscores the logical priority on the study of spotting concentrated in the polar regions on Mars. Of the known physical events whose effects on surface materials can be studied, is there anything other than electric discharge that can account for the details observed on the Martian surface? In the case of Earth’s aurora, the atmosphere serves to insulate the surface substantially from the discharge activity of the aurora. But this is certainly not the case with the planet Mars, whose rarified, but electrified atmosphere would be more accurately called a plasma. Moreover, as we've noted in discussing global dust storms on Mars, the planet’s elliptical orbit means that it travels much farther through the radial electric field of the Sun, adding greatly to the potential for electrical activity on the planet.
Until the cause of the dark spots on the ice is explained, it is not rational to separate this issue from equally enigmatic dark spots observed elsewhere on the planet’s surface--as on the “sand dunes” of Russell Crater observed in our latest Pictures of the Day. Surely, in a search for answers, one cannot justify ignoring similar unexplained patterns just because of a dubious theoretical assumption (“no electricity in space”).