Solar flare and electromagnetism and "magnetic reconnection"

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Solar flare and electromagnetism and "magnetic reconnection"

Unread postby Zyxzevn » Fri Mar 24, 2017 9:30 pm

The sun can be understood best with an example:
Here is a good solar flare:
http://i.imgur.com/UR4EhQH.gifv

We can see the movement of the plasma.
It is expelled in an arc.
Then this arc stretches itself to a line.
This produces a line of outward flowing plasma and
a huge cloud of gas-like plasma.
Parts of the cloud are attracted to the surface at a different spot.
The line then breaks in two, and the lowest part gets sucked back to the source,
and also a part of the cloud is pulled back.
There are also clouds of plasma floating above the surface that move around a bit.

As anyone can see this arc is a flow of charged material, charged material
can indeed form an electric arc, and form a line.
It is very common behaviour for electric currents.
The line is almost straight, so we can see that the magnetic field does not have
a large influence on this level.
The clouds must be static charged material that spreads around and above the sun.
The attraction towards the other point must be caused by a reverse charge.

Then the breaking of the line means a reversal of the polarity of the source.
The change of polarity can be caused because the mass of the charged plasma
still has some momentum when the polarity becomes neutral.
So this causes an outflow of extra charged material, that gives the source a reversed
polarity.

While the plasma is expelled, there are still some very small arcs at the source,
which forms circular shapes. These arcs flatten as the flare is created,
and form circles as the flare changes polarity.
So there is a continuous current going on, even after a part of the plasma
has been expelled. This current forms circles due to the magnetic fields of the
same currents. These currents may have even higher voltages than the expelled material,
there may be some subsurface currents going on as well.
Not that the circle-arcs are perpendicular to the magnetic field.

Now we can look at another solar flare:
http://i.imgur.com/16IG3Gk.gif
Here we see a plasma current forming a circle.
This extends just like an electric arc, so we can
assume again that this plasma is a current of charged material.
It also shows the reversal of the polarity as we saw in the first flare.
The momentum of the charged plasma causes a lack of charge at the source,
which reverses the polarity.

We can use this to analyse a very rare phenomenon.
Here is the "coronal rain" solar flare:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J1rs7CT ... e=youtu.be
It forms a stable ring of plasma.
Material from all sides come towards the base of this arc.
And a lot of plasma falls straight down.
It is hard to see if this is circular arc, or a spherical structure.
Material seems to appear from above with no clear flow towards it.

Why does it form a circle?
A magnetic field gives the currents a circular arc. Moving charges create a magnetic field,
and this causes a circular flow. It can be that the same charged plasma creates the same magnetic field.
The magnetic field is always perpendicular to the movement of the plasma.

Are these arc sides different in polarity?
Yes, that is how the arc starts in the beginning: like an arc shaped solar flare.
At the same time it forms, a lot of material around moves towards the charged poles of the arc.
When it grows bigger it forms more a circle.
And new material seems to come from the top of the arc.
And as the time progresses, the flow is more from the top to the bottom, to both sides.
While it also maintains an arc-shaped cloud around it.

So where does this new material come from?
Plasma is not always visible. It is called dark-mode plasma.
This dark-mode plasma seems to come from an invisible upper layer of the sun,
which discharges itself towards the surface.
Sometimes you can see currents going upward near the currents that go downward.
One side is positive charged material, and the other side is negative charged material.
The follow the same curve, because the magnetic field gives them the same path.
They do not interfere much, because the plasma works like a wire in this case.
The plasma is conducting the electrons (or protons), but is not charged much itself.

The "rain" is caused by different routes that the electrons can take towards the source
through the conducting plasma, where a part of this source is also the invisible
ark mode plasma above the sun's surface.

So what we are seeing here are currents of electrons through conducting material, in combination
with some charged plasma that moves around too.

You can see that I can explain every aspect of these observations.
The mainstream can not.

Let's look at the mainstream idea, as I far understand their garbage:
They think that these lines are not paths of electric currents,
but instead these are mistaken for magnetic field lines.
See: https://www.rt.com/viral/335743-nasa-su ... ic-fields/
This is a HUGE mistake, that causes them to misidentify almost everything on the sun.
The magnetic reconnection is a pseudo-science caused by this gross mistake.

In the video they claim that the magnetic field lines reaches far out.
This makes no sense, because field lines are imaginary lines that describe a continuous field.
Magnetism is 1/r^3 in force and that means that the magnetism from the sun only does not reach far away.
This in contrary with the 1/r force of electric currents.

In the videos she says that magnetic field lines interact with each other. This is physically impossible.
Magnetic fields just mix, like electromagnetic radio-waves. No collisions or whatever.
The fields are just continuous. The lines just represent where the field is a certain value.
(Like B=0 Tesla, or B=0.0001 Tesla).
They really do not cause any explosions or whatever.
Just bring to huge magnets together, and move them towards each other with N to N.
They repel, but nothing happens. No big explosions.
Nor do we have big explosions in MRI scans (that have HUGE magnetic fields).

So the whole mainstream sun model is based on an impossible myth.
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Re: Solar flare and electromagnetism and "magnetic reconnect

Unread postby Michael Mozina » Sat Mar 25, 2017 12:32 pm

Zyxzevn wrote:So the whole mainstream sun model is based on an impossible myth.


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m58-CfVrsN4

In this case, one "test" is worth a thousand expert opinions. You don't have to try real hard to explain and simulate the heat source of the corona, or the discharge processes of the solar atmosphere based on electricity. Once Alfven added an electromagnet inside of the solar sphere, the "arcs" in the atmosphere were easily directed/concentrated into small bands in the northern and southern hemisphere.

The only way to sustain those million degree coronal loops is with *electricity*, not just magnetism. You're right of course that their whole solar model is based upon an impossible myth. Alfven called it "pseudoscience".

Worse yet for the mainstream, their supposed "source" of those powerful magnetic "lines" was the presumed "jet speed" of convection. It turned out in SDO measurements that the convection speeds are closer to walking speeds rather than jet speeds. They were off by two whole orders of magnitude.

https://wattsupwiththat.com/2012/07/09/ ... projected/

The sad part is that mainstream cannot do today in real lab experiments what Birkeland and his team did in a lab over 100 years ago. Just sad.
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Re: Solar flare and electromagnetism and "magnetic reconnect

Unread postby comingfrom » Sat Mar 25, 2017 5:43 pm

Thank you, Zyxzevn.

Those solar flares are beautiful.
I watched the coronal rain one over and over several times.

It is evident to me, that what we are watching there is an incoming current.

Things I noticed.
At a point in the initial flare up, concentric arcs momentarily appear.
At about the same time, a straight line beam touches the top of the arc.
To the right of the arc, while the arc is raining, a huge mountain range builds up.
Ribbons of material can be seen streaming into the new mountain range.

Looking at other solar flares, many of them show concentric arcs at a point in initial flare up.
I try to screen capture the moment here.
Image

After watching those nice flares, I read the article Michael linked, and it seemed so obvious they are looking in the wrong direction.
By presuming the Sun to be made of hydrogen and helium, and fueled by nuclear fusion in the core, they are then forced to come up with all this crazy analysis and theory of the interior of the Sun.

The Sun, and stars, are rocks like the planets.
Being the largest body in a group, take the central location, and the lion's share of available currents.
The currents charge the central body, giving it a photosphere and corona.
Solar flares are from a "touchdown" of an incoming current.
A circuit connection (not magnetic reconnection).

Maybe I am not right, but that seems the more obvious explanation to me.

We see/measure lots of hydrogen when looking at stars but hydrogen is the lightest of elements.
Marklund convection puts the lightest element at the surface and heavier elements in the interior.
Presuming the whole of the Sun is hydrogen is a complete assumption, as far as I can tell.
But that is presented as a given in order to then presume fusion at the core.

Rather, at the brightest regions of solar flares is where the fusion takes place.
Fusion isn't the cause of the flare, but at the points where energy gets most concentrated, that where atoms are being fused.

It is right before our eyes (via satellite camera), openly and plainly visible.
Just look
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Re: Solar flare and electromagnetism and "magnetic reconnect

Unread postby Zyxzevn » Sat Mar 25, 2017 6:57 pm

I was grown up with the impression that the sun was a boring sphere,
and I think that the past scientists believed that too.
As the real exciting pictures became available, I now see that the sun is very exciting.
So exciting that I stay up late at night to make this post..

comingfrom wrote:It is evident to me, that what we are watching there is an incoming current.

I see a current, which is the arc. But what do you mean with the incoming current?

There seems to be matter appearing in the top of the arc.
This causes the rain of plasma in this beautiful arc.
It seems as if there is a charged layer above the surface.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Charged spots on the sun

If we translate the mainstream reconnection bullshit to normal electromagnetism, we
can assume that the sun is covered with spots of different charges.

This video shows the big electric currents on the sun.
This one is full with arcs, and chains of arcs.

According to the mainstream these currents are magnetic flux lines, but in reality flux-lines do not exist.
Currents do. Also it is hard for non-charged material to create magnetic fields.

So it seems that there are many spots of different charges on the sun, between which strong currents flow.

The sun-granules themselves
seem more a continuous process. In which heat is exchanged with the surface.

What causes the currents?

Then is the question: where do the charges of these currents come from?

I think the only way the charge-differences can be built up under the surface, is due to nuclear reactions.
These strong surface currents seem to proof that at least a part of these nuclear reactions
are taking place near the surface. There may also be strong currents under the surface that we don't see.
And also here the mainstream is wrong with the assumption that nuclear reactions can only be
deep inside the sun, due to gravity pressure.

So what can cause these nuclear reactions near the surface?
A process similar to Focus fusion.
An very strong electric current can bring matter close together and start a fusion process.
I don't know if this possible near enough to the surface, so it becomes visible.

We might try to study some solar flares to see if they contain some nuclear reactions.
For this we will need x-ray photographs of the sun.
Like this one.
It seems to show nuclear reactions at the start or finish of a current, both under
and above the surface, but it is hard to know if this is caused by electrons colliding
with matter instead.
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Re: Solar flare and electromagnetism and "magnetic reconnect

Unread postby D_Archer » Mon Mar 27, 2017 2:42 am

Zyxzevn wrote:I think the only way the charge-differences can be built up under the surface, is due to nuclear reactions.


That would mean "neutrino"* emissions.

Mainstraim has this map of neutrino emission, top left >
Image

So all over and around the torus...? they do not mention the size of the sun in this picture...

Regards,
Daniel

*i am not sure what neutrinos are, could also be just field waves (not a distinct particle) > http://milesmathis.com/neut2.pdf
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Re: Solar flare and electromagnetism and "magnetic reconnect

Unread postby Zyxzevn » Mon Mar 27, 2017 6:14 am

D_Archer wrote:That would mean "neutrino"* emissions.

Mainstraim has this map of neutrino emission, top left


That map is not the same scale, which is pretty important in this case.

As I understand it, it shows the whole sky, so we can not see any details.
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Re: Solar flare and electromagnetism and "magnetic reconnect

Unread postby upriver » Mon Mar 27, 2017 12:47 pm

Dont forget the TRACE archive....

Loops in the solar corona (such as those on the left observed in the 171Å passband of TRACE - sensitive to gas of one million degrees - on 27 May 2000, around 14:41UT) frequently undergo rapid cooling as the heating stops. The material cools down by conduction to the surface and by radiation. Within some tens of minutes, the temperature drops from a few million degrees to somewhere between 10,000 and 100,000 degrees. The material than falls down towards the surface, sometimes in a stream, sometimes in clumps, following the magnetic field in which it is confined. The false-color image on the right is taken in the 1216Å, or Lyman alpha, channel, which is most sensitive to material of 10,000 to 30,000 degrees, but shows gas up to 100,000 degrees. The falling material shows up only off the disk in faint loops that are only a few percent of the brightness of the disk itself; on the disk, such loops would not be observable against the continuum emission from the solar surface that is also observed in that passband.

A combination of two images taken by TRACE on 7 March 2000, around 00:25UT. The yellow image shows the 195Å passband, or plasma at approximately 1.5 million degrees. The purplish image shows the brightest structures in the 1600Å passband, which shows the location of magnetic field, with the exception of the spots and small pores, which are dark at that wavelength. What makes this image peculiar is the loop configuration in the red circle in the full-sized image: coronal loops have their footpoints on a ridge running right through the middle of a supergranular convection cell where there is hardly any strong field either in bright faculae or in dark pores.

http://www.lmsal.com/TRACE/POD/TRACEpod.html
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Re: Solar flare and electromagnetism and "magnetic reconnect

Unread postby comingfrom » Thu Mar 30, 2017 7:34 pm

Thank you, Zyxzevn.

But what do you mean with the incoming current?

I have been struggling how to answer your question.

You appear to answer it yourself, immediately after asking...
There seems to be matter appearing in the top of the arc.
This causes the rain of plasma in this beautiful arc.
It seems as if there is a charged layer above the surface.
You describe it well.
But where might the matter be coming from?

Unlike most arcs we see, which seem to arise in one spot and descend into another,
this arc is pouring down on all sides of this arc.
It would appear that the matter is coming in on a current, and "condensing" (goes into glow mode) when the density increases at a focal just above the surface.

There are also clouds of plasma pouring in to the left and to the right of the arc, (more to the right).

Then there is that mountain range, higher than the Earth's diameter.
Unfortunately we don't get to see how long it persists.
Presumably it is just plasma, and gets absorbed into the photosphere in a short while.

All this seemed to be evidence of incoming current to me,
and made me wonder if not all CMEs are caused by incoming currents touching down.

Maybe incoming currents charge up a region, the region where the current is entering in, causing the region to become highly charged, in turn causing an arc to a nearby region of lesser charge. A discharge to equalize the charges.

What we are watching is complex behaviour, so it hard to know exactly what is happening.
That alone already shouts, Electricity.
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Re: Solar flare and electromagnetism and "magnetic reconnect

Unread postby upriver » Thu Mar 30, 2017 7:54 pm

comingfrom wrote:Thank you, Zyxzevn.

But what do you mean with the incoming current?

I have been struggling how to answer your question.

You appear to answer it yourself, immediately after asking...
There seems to be matter appearing in the top of the arc.
This causes the rain of plasma in this beautiful arc.
It seems as if there is a charged layer above the surface.
You describe it well.
But where might the matter be coming from?

Unlike most arcs we see, which seem to arise in one spot and descend into another,
this arc is pouring down on all sides of this arc.
It would appear that the matter is coming in on a current, and "condensing" (goes into glow mode) when the density increases at a focal just above the surface.

There are also clouds of plasma pouring in to the left and to the right of the arc, (more to the right).

Then there is that mountain range, higher than the Earth's diameter.
Unfortunately we don't get to see how long it persists.
Presumably it is just plasma, and gets absorbed into the photosphere in a short while.

All this seemed to be evidence of incoming current to me,
and made me wonder if not all CMEs are caused by incoming currents touching down.

Maybe incoming currents charge up a region, the region where the current is entering in, causing the region to become highly charged, in turn causing an arc to a nearby region of lesser charge. A discharge to equalize the charges.

What we are watching is complex behaviour, so it hard to know exactly what is happening.
That alone already shouts, Electricity.
~Paul



Here is what I found on the TRACE website.

"On the left (top) is a TRACE image taken on 9 August 1999, around 23:00 UT, in the 171Å passband (characteristic of 1 million degree gas; shown as the square root of the measure intensity). High-arching loops stand out, to a height of appriximately 120,000 km, visible along their entire length. The image on the right is a ratio of 195Å to 171Å, and serves as a measure of temperature. This image shows the loops as green along most of their length, demonstrating that the temperature varies little along them (which is why they can be seen in the 171Å image in the first place). The fact that the temperature is so nearly constant along the length requires that most of the heating is concentrated low down, in the bottom 15,000 km or so."

http://www.lmsal.com/TRACE/POD/images/T ... 230034.gif

"If the temperature does not vary much along aloop, and lies around 1 million degrees along most of its length, the gas should sag into the bottom of the loops under the influence of gravity. Consequently, the gas density should decrease by a factor of almost three every 50,000 km; the emission (which scales as the square of the density) should drop by that factor every 25,000 km. The right-hand bar in the lower image on the left shows how radidly the emission should have dropped off in the case of such simple gravitational stratification; the observed situation is closer to the intensity profile in the left-hand bar, for which the scale height has been doubled. Clearly, the emission drops off much more slowly than expected from a simple static model. The assumptions that are generally made that solar coronal loops are essentially stationary (evolving slow compared to the time they can adjust to a new situation) and that they are uniformly heated have been demonstrated to be fundamentally untenable: many loops evolve very rapidly, and none of them is heated uniformly!"

So what could possibly happening with coronal rain is that the hot plasma travels up the leg and cools when it get to top and falls as coronal rain. I think that explanation is in the text about coronal rain.

Check out these coronal loops at the bottom of this page.
http://www.lmsal.com/TRACE/POD/images/T ... 230034.gif

http://www.lmsal.com/TRACE/POD/images/T ... 114103.gif
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Re: Solar flare and electromagnetism and "magnetic reconnect

Unread postby Zyxzevn » Fri Mar 31, 2017 7:13 am

comingfrom wrote:Where might the matter be coming from?

Ok. I see what you mean now with current. I see it as new matter appearing.

In the video I see glowing plasma appearing at the top.
But I can not see from where this plasma is coming.
And while it appears and flows down, it follows different paths towards the surface.

Besides visible plasma, there is also invisible plasma, called dark-mode plasma.
This figure shows the different stages.
From the electric sun webpage on the electric-cosmos website
The stronger the electric current through the plasma, the brighter the plasma.
We can see this in the laboratory and in plasma balls.

So, following this principle, there can be a dark-mode plasma-current towards the top of the
arc. This is possible when the plasma current is more spread out over a large area.
This would mean that the electric charge flows from the upper layers towards the arc.
And from top of the the arc the electric charge flows through the arc-lines, illuminating the plasma within.

Besides the flow of electrons, and the flow of ions, the plasma can move too.
In this specific case a part of the plasma in the arc might be falling down
towards the surface, causing the plasma-rain.


Image

For me this picture shows different electric currents going through the plasma.
The currents are forming arcs due to the solar magnetic field, which is perpendicular to
this flow, according to well known physics.
We use the same physics in particle accelerators.
Image

Conclusion: the sun has a network of electric currents like this:
Image


But from all the magnetic reconnection nonsense,
it seems that mainstream astronomy thinks that these electric-arcs are magnetic field-lines instead.

The magnetic field becomes visible with iron-dust. And we call these magnetic field lines.
Image
(image can be found here)

But magnetic field lines have no meaning on the sun, because:
1) The plasma is not ferromagnetic.
2) The iron dust is not moving to create the lines.
3) The iron is following the field, there are no real magnetic lines. The iron dust forms little magnets,
which behave like magnets and cluster together. The lines that we see in the picture,
are just chains of pieces of iron.

So from the well-known physics of electromagnetism and particle physics,
we can clearly see that the mainstream astronomy has gone into the wrong direction.
This is independent of how the sun really works.
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Re: Solar flare and electromagnetism and "magnetic reconnect

Unread postby Zyxzevn » Fri Mar 31, 2017 7:48 am

Looking at Magnetohydrodynamics, which is the mathematical basis
for magnetic reconnection, it appears that they have made some big errors.

1) They assume that the plasma is a perfect conductor.
2) They assume that plasma is a fluid.
3) The use the Cauchy momentum equation in a wrong way.
4) They assume that the flow of plasma "equals" the flow of current.

It seems that they mixed together some formulas that are not supposed to be used together.
They use the same theory and same logic error to explain why they think plasma follows magnetic field lines.

Reminds me of how people can mathematically proof that 1=2.

In practice, with a near perfect conductor, like a super-conductor,
we can already see that this principle is total nonsense.
In super-conductors magnetic fields get "frozen". The magnets stop moving
relative to the superconducting material.
Which is really nothing like what we see on the sun.
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Re: Solar flare and electromagnetism and "magnetic reconnect

Unread postby Laradex3 » Fri Mar 31, 2017 8:57 pm

Don't these "currents" also produce magnetic fields?

Are magnetic fields in plasma strong? (Rate of change of an electric field)

Eric Lerner, an advocate for a plasma universe, said that "magnetic whirlwinds" were more important
than gravity in the description of the Universe. According to Maxwell, a changing magnetic field induces
a changing electric field.

Or, are moving charges the simplest explanation for the magnetic fields in plasma?
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Re: Solar flare and electromagnetism and "magnetic reconnect

Unread postby Laradex3 » Sat Apr 01, 2017 1:58 am

Here's some research I did on magnetic fields and plasma.

Van Alfen is recognized for his pioneering work on plasma and the Electric Universe in the following link, where I have taken various quotations and included them below. As always, it is better to read the entire article than to rely only on a few excerpts.

http://www.i-sis.org.uk/Earths_Magnetiz ... Shield.php

"NASA's Sibeck: a magnetic portal opens in Earth’s magnetosphere
and through which 'tons of high-energy particles' may flow through
the opening from the Sun before it closes again in a matter of
minutes." [14].

"...electric field measurements reveal the existence of numerous
weak electric double layers that together may account for substantial
potential drops (for accelerating electrons);…[18]."

"...electric fields parallel to the magnetic field lines reaching
hundreds of mV/m have been measured by the Polar and FAST
space crafts dedicated to studying the plasma physics of the
aurora...[19]."

"[Van Alfen] stressed the importance of [electric] double layers (as
well as Birkeland currents) not only in Earth’s magnetosphere and
Earth-Sun connection but in heliospheric, galactic, and intergalactic
circuits."

"In 2012, shortly after the Van Allen probes A and B were launched,
huge numbers of...electric fields parallel to the local magnetic field
lines were observed... In one case, 7,000 double layers were observed in
1 min to produce 230 000 V net parallel potential drop crossing the
space craft [22]. Lower resolution data showed that this event
lasted 6 min and that more than 1 MV of net parallel potential
crossed the spacecraft during that time..."

https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/sune ... rtals.html

Magnetic portals, explains plasma physicist Jack Scudder of the University of Iowa,"[are] places where the magnetic field of Earth connects to the magnetic field of the Sun, creating an uninterrupted path leading from our own planet to the sun's atmosphere 93 million miles away."

[P]robes suggest that these magnetic portals open and close dozens of times each day…Most portals are small and short-lived; others are yawning, vast, and sustained. Tons of energetic particles can flow through the openings…

https://www.nasa.gov/feature/goddard/20 ... ve-physics

This work may also teach us more about our sun. Some scientists think that kinetic Alfvén waves are key to how the solar wind — the constant outpouring of solar particles that sweeps out into space — is heated to extreme temperatures. The new results provide insight on how that process might work.

Throughout the universe, kinetic Alfvén waves are ubiquitous across magnetic environments, and are even expected to be in the extra-galactic jets of quasars. By studying our near-Earth environment, NASA missions like MMS can make use of a unique, nearby laboratory to understand the physics of magnetic fields across the universe.
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Re: Solar flare and electromagnetism and "magnetic reconnect

Unread postby nick c » Sat Apr 01, 2017 8:21 am

Van Alfen is recognized for his pioneering work on plasma and the Electric Universe in the following link,

I understand your point, but I think you are conflating Van Allen with Hannes Alfven.
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Re: Solar flare and electromagnetism and "magnetic reconnect

Unread postby sketch1946 » Sat Apr 01, 2017 7:20 pm

Surely these 'magnetic portals' are describing flux tubes... sheaths which are self-contained, and allow the acceleration of contained ions, the flux tubes repel each other, and even criss-cross over each other, but are essentially containers for charged particles, and weave the 'fabric' of the solar system 'heliospheric current sheet':

Observations by NASA's THEMIS spacecraft and Europe's Cluster probes suggest that these magnetic portals open and close dozens of times each day. They're typically located a few tens of thousands of kilometers from Earth where the geomagnetic field meets the onrushing solar wind. Most portals are small and short-lived; others are yawning, vast, and sustained. Tons of energetic particles can flow through the openings, heating Earth's upper atmosphere, sparking geomagnetic storms, and igniting bright polar auroras.

https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/sune ... rtals.html
Apparently these individual flux tubes are like tornadoes or tubular containers which allow the acceleration of contained ions to achieve great speeds, and differing speeds depending on the individual ions, the flux tubes originate at individual cells on the sun's surface, approx 10,000 km in diameter, at first they are radially orientated away from the sun, but then the solenoid-like ejection is transformed to a helical movement of charged particles as these particles move through the sun's magnetic field, which curves these 'flux tubes' down towards the sun's magnetic equator, till they're a like a web of fibres that cross over each other, but are flattened into an outwardly spiralling 'current sheet'....
the ACE spacecraft collected data from over 65,860 of these tubes over seven years... the 'walls' of the flux tubes at 1 AU or the distance out to the Earth's orbit are approx 55,000 km in diameter, which is approx the gyroradius of a 100keV electron or 500keV charged ion....
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1 ... 012684/pdf
The solar wind travels outward from the Sun at a uniform rate, but an individual jet of solar wind from a particular feature on the Sun's surface rotates with the solar rotation, making a spiral pattern in space. Unlike the jet from a sprinkler, the solar wind is tied to the magnetic field by MHD effects, so that magnetic field lines are tied to the material in the jet and take on an arithmetic spiral shape. The cause of the ballerina spiral shape has sometimes been called the "garden sprinkler effect" or "garden hose effect", because it is likened to a lawn sprinkler with nozzle that moves up and down while it spins. The stream of water represents the solar wind.

The Parker spiral shape of the solar wind changes the shape of the Sun's magnetic field in the outer solar system: beyond about 10-20 astronomical units from the Sun, the magnetic field is nearly toroidal (pointed around the equator of the Sun) rather than poloidal (pointed from the North to the South pole, as in a bar magnet) or radial (pointed outward or inward, as might be expected from the flow of the solar wind if the Sun were not rotating). The spiral shape also greatly amplifies the strength of the solar magnetic field in the outer solar system.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heliosphe ... rent_sheet
Apparently many of these flux tubes cross the Earth's Van Allen belts per hour...
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