What is charge?
I answer with a question - What is Energy?
In a philosophical description Charge is seeking a state of undividness with its opposite charge, that of charge equalization.
junglelord wrote:How can charge be equal to space-length?
That sounds like E = m.c^2
There is no true equality in that formula, rather it is an expression, certainly not a valid equation.
The same goes for your equality expression. For someone with such a great education and understanding of math, I am surprised again at your off handed comments. What equality is there in that statement?
I am only interested in real equations with real equality. Quantum constants comes to mind. For example...
Columbs constant is the quantum constant for electrostatic charge. That does not equal Comptons wavelength which is the quantum constant for length.
Coulombs constant does not equal Comptons wavelength! Therefore it is impossible for one to equal the other.
E (=>T/S) = m(=>(T/S)^3) / c^2(=>S/T)^2, where T=Time dimension, S=Space dimension(==charge), so in terms of dimensions it is correct.
Energy is time/space (the reverse of velocity).
21. What is the measurement of those constants?
Answer page 22
a) quantum length equal to Compton wavelength, = 2.426310238 x 10^-12 m^19
notated as lambda sub in SOTA (in this document as Lq)
b) quantum frequency equal to speed of light divided by the quantum length = c / Lq = 1.23558998 x 10^20 Hz
c) quantum mass is equal to the mass of one electron = 9.1093826 x 10^-31 kg
notated as m(e)
d) quantum charge = Electrostatic charge = 2.566969633 x 10^-38 Coul squared
notated as e^2
Electromagnetic Charge = angular momentum x conductance of the aether,
notated as e emax^2
22. How do the unit of dimensions notate in APM?
Answer page 23
As four letter variables that suggests the unit function.
For example current notates as I in the Maxwell equation. In APM current is notated as curr, potential is notated as potn, resistance is notated as resn.
23. What is ohms law in APM?
Answer page 23
potn = curr x resn (eq. 1.1)
24. What is the difference between APM "constants" and other systems?
Answer page 23
In APM quantum measurements and quantum units also serve as quantum constants. Other systems have constants but not quantum constants.
25. Name two common constants that become quantum constants in APM.
Answer page 23
a) quantum velocity is equal to speed of light notated as c
b) quantum angular momentum is equal to Planck's constant notated as h.
26. How do the units of dimensions build from quantum measurements?
Answer page 23
A unit of potential is a unit of dimension made of quantum measurement.
potn = m(e) x Lq squared x Fq squared divided by e emax^2 (eq. 1.2)
Where
m(e) = mass @ electron,
Lq = quantum length,
Fq = quantum frequency,
e emax<2> = EM charge @ electron
but in the case of velc = Lq x Fq = c (eq 1.3)
we can substitute c
27. Are there any other exceptions to the four letter rule other than c, in APM?
Answer page 23
The quantum unit for energy in APM is the Tibetan word "tshankha". Tshankha means energy with force and power. Tshankha represents energy in APM, as energy of a stable onta is sacred.
enrg = m(e) x Lq squared x Fq squared = tshankhas (eq. 1.4)
28. Does E = mc squared qualify in APM?
Answer page 24
No
29. Why does E = mc squared, not qualify in APM?
Answer page 24
Because the variables have dimensions but no value. Therefore it is not a true equation, rather an expression or formula.
If E and m had inherent value, as does the constant c then E = 1 unit and m = 1 unit
therefore E does not equal mc squared because there is no true equality!
30. What replaces E = mc squared in APM?
Answer page 24
enrg = m(e) x Lq squared x Fq squared
In APM all the quantum units have a quantum measurement.
31. Quantum measurements and quantum units are quantum constants in APM. Many essential constants already existent classic physics. What existing constants does APM recognize?
Answer page 25
Coulombs constant, gravitational constant, the speed of light, permeability of free space, permittivity of free space, Planck's constant, fine structure constant of the electron and the Compton wavelength retain the same values, dimensions and nomenclature as in the Standard Model.
32. What new constants and quantum units appear in APM?
Answer page 25
Conductance of the aether, which is essential for calculating and understanding the nature of strong charge. APM also produces the Aether constant, which is Au or rmfd. The aether constant is equal to K(c) x 16pi^2. K(c) is coulombs constant. The Gforce is also a new constant, which might be mentioned at this time.
End of Quiz, SOTA, Chapter One / Quantum Structure
Chapter 3 SOTA third edition, Gforce
Gforce
1. What is the quantum constant of the Gforce?
Answer Page 44
1.21 x 10^44 Newton is the quantum constant of the Gforce. Generally, we think of force as pressure exerted over an area. The pressure can be either positive or negative (vacuum). Force applies to either pushing or pulling something. The Gforce operates in the same way. The Gforce both pushes and pulls masses together or apart and pushes or pulls charge together or apart. Oddly, these are the only two manifestations of force in the universe. The only manifestation of force is either push or pull, relative to mass or charge. It is truly the only force in the universe, and it acts directly through the primary angular momentum and charge of each onn. Primary angular momentum is the physical description of the electron, photon, proton, and neutron. Physical strong charges the result a primary angular momentum spinning with in the Aether unit. Essentially, primary angular momentum and physical strong charge describe the same onn, but from orthogonal perspectives. Every individual quantum of Aether has the full effect of the Gforce acting through it. This Gforce acts upon the three physical qualities of onta, angular momentum, strong charge, and electrostatic charge. Thus, the quantum Aether units and onta can perform individually or collectively as fields and matter. The results of these interactions are a dynamic universe.
2. What new properties of the universe are explored with the Gforce?
Answer Page 44
The properties of reciprocal mass. The inertial mass of the Aether exist reciprocal to the dimension of mass we familiarly apply to visible matter. Reciprocal mass is a relatively unexplored concept in physics and has different properties from familiar mass, just as frequency has different properties from time. In addition to being a more primary order of reality, the nonmaterial nature of the Gforce likely relates to the Aether's reciprocal inertial mass.
3. What is the Gforce derived from?
Answer Page 45
The Gforce constant can be extracted from both Isaac Newton's constant of universal gravitation and the coulomb constant of electrostatic attraction-repulsion. It is also derived from the newly defined Aether unit constant also known as a rotating magnetic field unit of measurement or the Aether electromagnetic constant. The three manifestations of Gforce directly relate to the three force carriers, electrostatic charge, electromagnetic charge, and the mass within primary angular momentum. The coulomb electrostatic constant is the interaction constant of the Gforce with electrostatic charge. The unit of rotating magnetic field is the interaction constant of Gforce with the electromagnetic charge. And the Newton gravitational constant is the interaction constant of the Gforce with mass.
Physical strong charges the result a primary angular momentum spinning with in the Aether unit.
Physical strong charge is the result of primary angular momentum spinning with in the Aether unit.
junglelord wrote:APM quotes I made into questions.
32. What new constants and quantum units appear in APM?
Answer page 25
Conductance of the aether, which is essential for calculating and understanding the nature of strong charge.
RobertFritzius wrote:Here's a link to my version of what charge is.
In essence, protons and electrons are in the business of absorbing and emitting momentum carrying particles (called positrinos and negatrinos) which, when they collide with other protons and electrons, produce electrical forces.
The model has an explanation for "so called" electrical attraction (Repulsion is easy) and gravity is thrown in as a very understandable "freeby" which gets re-invented about every 20 years, i.e. push gravity or shielding gravity. (I wasn't, by any means, the first to come up with the explanation.) So-called strong and weak interactions are handled in appended articles.
Emission-Absorption-Scattering Sub-quantum Physics
http://www.datasync.com/~rsf1/eas.htm
Bob Fritzius
Solar wrote:junglelord wrote:APM quotes I made into questions.
32. What new constants and quantum units appear in APM?
Answer page 25
Conductance of the aether, which is essential for calculating and understanding the nature of strong charge.
To me, that, is what we perceive of as "charge". However, it seems it's only related to from the orthogonal relationship of it's transverse manifestation as 'electricity'. It seems as if little to no recognition is given to the 'potential' of "charge" as it exist in it's undisturbed 'volumetrically distributed crystal lattice-like' structure. Which is to say "aether".
In the Aether Physics Model the aether conductance constant is shown to be a factor of coulombs constant. In quantum measurements the conductance constant notate as
Cd = e emax^2 / m(e) x Lq^2 x Fq^2
e emax^2 is the quantum constant of EM for the electron
m(e) is the quantum constant of electron mass
Lq is the quantum constant for length, compton wavelength
Fq is the quantum constant which is c/Lq
Conductance of the Aether is also equal to
Cd = e emax^2 / h
The variable h is Planck's constant and represents the angular momentum of the electron. Aether conductance is also equal to other expressions of strong charge to primary angular momentum.
Cd = e pmax^2 / h(p)
Cd = e(a)^2 / h(a)
Where h(p) and h(a) are the angular momentum of the proton and the Aether, and e emax^2 and e(a)^2 are the strong charge of the proton and the Aether. This is just one of many demonstrations of the exact mass to strong charge ratio, which is consistent throughout the universe. Where ever strong charge appears , it is always exactly proportional to the mass within the angular momentum that produces it and therefore it is quantum.
The Standard Model of particle physics does not recognize conductance is an essential constant. This might prompt one to ask, why bother? As shown in the Aether physics model, the conductance constant is essential for understanding the strong charge of the onta. The understanding of the strong charge in turn reveals the relationship of the strong nuclear force, Van der Waal's force, casimir force, plasma, and other phenomenon. An essential use of the conductance constants appears in the strong charge equation
e emax^2 = h x Cd
The same form of equation holds for any onn with angular momentum. The angular momentum of the proton in the Aether Physics Model is similar to the angular momentum of the electron, with the exception that it calculates with the mass of the proton.
hermit_of_chad wrote:"Mathematical proof that the electron is a spherical electromagnetic standing wave" or circular reasoning ?
Wikipedia indicates that the electron radius is a derived quantity, defined as (1/4.pi.e0) . (q^2 / m.c^2) where q = charge of an electron.
"In simple terms, the classical electron radius is roughly the size the electron would need to have for its mass to be completely due to its electrostatic potential energy"
See http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Classical_electron_radius.
Therefore it's not surprising that the electron mass can be derived from the values for radius and charge!
volantis wrote:It is because all objects possess the property of charge that we can explain the Universe from an electrical perspective.
Dave
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