The speed of EM has never been conclusively proved to be constant. Only interpreted, assumed, and derived to be so by those self-same mathematical conceptions of which you speak. Even as a measured value in a imperfect vacuum produced on Earth, of what value is it when extrapolated via equations to applications in space of which we really know nothing by direct measurement? At the most we have direct measurements taken from a few space craft we have placed in the ecliptic plane of the solar system, which is far, far from a vacuum. We superimpose our equations upon interstellar and intergalactic spatial relations when the visible universe is 99% plasma; again, far, far from vacuum conditions. Smoke and mirrors, I say.
And that's fine, since we're never likely to be able to do otherwise given our limited condition as humans; just so long as no one really takes it serious as meaning anything other than the sheerest speculation that it, in fact, is and probably forever will be. Universal "law" ... pffffhh. I scoff. "Science" is great fun, but imho "scientists" (like most of us are so inclined to do) take themselves, their personal thoughts, and opinions entirely too serious. But this (my opinion) and a couple of bucks will get you a fairly decent cup of coffee.
As proof you can see that length and time units in physics are both derived from lightspeed properties.
- this makes no sense, Steven. That's the same as saying length and time units are derived from length-per-time (m/sec speed of light) properties. Or length and time units are derived from velocity, which is a measurement using those self-same length and time units. Circular reasoning (circular definitions), duplicated units.
bryan
StevenO wrote:Since we are always comparing one physical quantity with the other we can never be sure if they are really constant or that we apply some form of circular reasoning or mutual dependency.
'In the second place our result shows that, according to the general theory of relativity, the law of the constancy of the velocity of light in vacuo, which constitutes one of the two fundamental assumptions in the special theory of relativity and to which we have already frequently referred, cannot claim any unlimited validity. A curvature of rays of light can only take place when the velocity of propagation of light varies with position'
Albert Einstein
'I have now struggled with this basic problem of electricity for more than twenty years, and have become quite discouraged, though without being able to let go of it. I am convinced that a completely new and enlightening inspiration is needed... We cannot solve our problems with the same thinking we used when we created them'
Albert Einstein
A curvature of rays of light can only take place when the velocity of propagation of light varies with position': Einstein
APM
Empirically, the angular momentum of a quantum electron is equal
to the angular momentum of a quantum photon. The photon radiates
from an atom in the pattern of a cardioid, as shown in the
Compton experiments. The APM shows the electron and positron are
directly linked to photons in all respects except that photons
are equal to electrons times the speed of light. You can't say
something like that from the Standard Model, but it is fully
quantified in the APM.
The photon should be the inertial aspect of the Aether unit.
This means the photon geometry must share the Aether geometry,
which would make sense as the photon is thought to propagate
through the Aether. Since the Aether exists in a
five-dimensional coordinate system, that would mean the photon is
also five-dimensional, which would explain why it is so difficult
to accurately model.
Chapter 2, SOTA third edition, Ontological Foundation, Aether Physics Model
6. What is Dynamic Space in APM?
Answer Page 34-35
In APM space and time are united in such a way that the two are inseparable, producing a single unit called double cardioid (dcrd). We need a coordinate system that includes both space and time. The perception of space time through our bodies, gives us the appearance of just one dimension of linear time, just one linear time is an illusion. In reality, the time dimensions of aether are actually frequency dimensions, and there are two of them. Together these two dimensions of frequency produce a spherical unit of resonance. In reality, the quantum universe has the qualities of space-resonance, we perceive the physical, macro universe with the qualities of space-time. Space and resonance integrate through a shared geometry. In other words, space and resonance are the same entity, but viewed from two perspectives, which are orthogonal to each other.
The Aether explains the non-material and higher dimensional aspects of existence, which particle physics chooses to ignore. As for the wave model, the wave models are Quantum Mechanics, the Aether Physics Model (as I have presented it) is Quantum Structure. The APM says the Aether is structured as two spheres (hence the 16pi^2 geometrical constant) and in five dimensions. The Wave Models describe the behavior of subatomic particles in terms of spherical dynamics. Now tell me, how hard is it to connect the dots from spherical dynamics to spherical structure? If spherical mechanics work for describing subatomic mechanics, then why would people not be interested in a theory that describes the structures that produce these mechanics?
It is only a matter of time before the APM and Spherical Wave Models are united into a single theory.
19. What are the general characteristics of primary angular momentum?
Answer Page 41
Primary angular momentum is a circumferential line (ligament circulatus) moving sideways, the onto have only two dimension of length. The curvature of Aether acts as a mold and imparts geometry to the onta. The ligament circulators moves in time, which means that the onn exist as a function of time between one moment and the next moment. Time is consequently, a component of onta. We could not perceive time and space with our bodies if our senses were not composed of primary angular momentum. Primary angular momentum is the first cause of physical perception, intimately related to the distributed frequency or resonance of the Aether. Because the ligament circulators moves perpendicular to its circumference, in order to scan an area (strong charge), the onta are not solid. They more closely resemble a cloud, as does the scanned area of a pencil moving back and forth in our vision. It is the scanning of primary angular momentum, which gives onta the appearances of a wave and a particle. Primary angular momentum explains why onta can appear as particles when we look at their strong charge, and can appear as waves when we look at the moving LC. Yet these are only appearances. The particulate and wave nature of primary angular momentum are illusions, having meaning only from our macro perspective. The reality of the onn structure is primary angular momentum and nothing else. Interestingly, photons can also appear as primary angular momentum, except that they are also exploding outward at the speed of light.
End of Chapter 2 Ontological Foundation SOTA third edition APM
Chapter 3 SOTA third edition, Gforce APM
Quantum Measurements
4. What are the quantum constants of length and frequency in APM?
Answer page 46-47
Quantum length equals compton wavelength.
Quantum frequency equals speed of light divided by quantum length.
The reciprocal of quantum frequency will give quantum time.
The Aether unit in the quantum universe represents a specific space that oscillates at a specific rate between forward and backward time. The specific space produces the volume of Compton wavelength cubed. While the structure of the Aether unit is not a cube, it has the same effect as a cube for mathematical purposes. Aether resolves to cubic appearance due to the 4pi^2 constant. The speed of light is explained simply in the Aether physics model as the quantum distance time to quantum frequency. Since Aether encapsulates onta, the quantum parameters of Aether limit the speed of onta. The maximum speed at which any onn can move is one quantum distance times to quantum frequency. But for the onta to move, the encapsulating Aether must displaces surrounding Aether. This does not mean higher frequencies or shorter lengths cannot exist in the universe. Wave interference patterns can appear as shorter lengths or higher frequencies. However, the production of such apparent lengths and frequencies would require the interference of two or more sources. The limitation imposed by the speed of light does not apply to the movement of Aether units amongst themselves if the Aether units vibrate. Therefore it is quite possible to send faster than light communications by directly modulating Aether units, rather than sending photons through space or electrons through conductors. The Aether units can modulate via the strong force by magnetic pulses. Almost all units in the Aether physics model express in terms of frequency rather than time. In each quantum movement an Aether unit is actually moving in the forward time direction and and then in the backward time direction, oscillating a full cycle at the quantum frequency. For whatever reason, onta only exist in the forward time direction. Onta do not experience the backward time direction, therefore the larger structures made from onta do not experience the backward time direction because onta do not experience a backward time direction they appear to have a property called ½ spin. Time is a series of forward time half-cycles. To our perception, however, forward time appears to be uniformly linear.
Electromagnetic Structure
5. Why is the Gforce essential?
Answer page 48
the Gforce is essential to the construction of a quantum Aether unit, which is also the electromagnetic constant. The Gforce acting on toroidal electromagnetic charge produces the constant rmfd, or rotating magnetic field, and it has the geometric constant of 16pi^2. Rmfd manifests as a double loxodrome. In terms of quantum measurement, rmfd notate as
rmfd = m(e) x Lq^3 x Fq^2 / e emax^2
Note that the quantum measurement making up the rotating magnetic field unit can factor as a mass to strong charge ratio and a space-resonance constant. The mass to strong charge ratio is the same for all onta and Aether, and the space-resonance constant names “double cardioid” because from the perspective of space-time, the space-resonance constant looks like two adjacent cardioids.
Ambipolar massfree energy (Orgone and DOR), aka Tesla radiation
Electric massfree energy consists of ambipolar charges that are devoid of inertial effects and propagate longitudinally. In contrast to the monopolar charges (electrons, protons) that characterize ordinary massbound electricity, ambipolar charges continuously alternate between polar states, or, to say it more accurately, constantly vary their polarity during forward propagation. Ambipolar electricity is a massfree phenomenon. Field capture of ambipolar energy by massbound (monopolar) charges results in their acceleration; deceleration of the same massbound charges results in the local production of blackbody photons. The Correas have published the cosmic spectrum of ambipolar radiation and the corresponding blackbody spectra emitted from electrons and protons, providing exact new equations that profoundly alter the conventional theory of electromagnetism. They have also demonstrated how the continuous ambipolar spectrum contains two biologically and physically distinct regions that correspond to W. Reich's distinction between orgone (OR) energy and DOR (dorgone or deadly orgone). The cutoff between OR and DOR occurs at 79.4 keV. This is a strictly aetherometric discovery.
Photons (ionizing or nonionizing), 'kinetons', gravitons, ambipolar charges and particles or units of latent massfree energy are all massfree particles associated with specific physical interactions or manifestations. The demonstration of these particles' existence, and the proposed new model and mathematical formalism (see Aetherometric Microfunctional Transformative Algebra below) that address their specific properties, have been extracted from a nexus of systematic and diverse experimental investigations into physical and biological systems, gathered under the rubrics of Experimental Aetherometry, Aetherometric Biology, and The Aetherometric Theory of Synchronicity (AToS).
Aetherometry contends that what travels through space and transmits the light impulse is electrical radiation composed of massfree charges and their associated longitudinal waves (the true phase waves), not electromagnetic radiation composed of photons and their transverse waves. The wave transmission of all electromagnetic signals depends on the transmission of nonelectromagnetic energy, specifically the transmission of electric massfree charges (the propagation of “the field”).
The master equation that has been proposed is
E = λe Wk Wv
which is algebraically equivalent to the rest mass described by
λe c2 = me c2
where λe is the wavelength-equivalent of the rest mass of the ordinary electron (an exact quantity identified by experimental Aetherometry). Hence, Aetherometry has proposed the exact equivalence:
E = λe Wk Wv = λe c2 = me c2
Physically, this means that the structure of an electron is finite (has volume, temporal and undulatory characteristics), and that it is an electric structure. A short demonstration and formal proof of the assertion is that the same mass-energy can be written with reference to the elementary electrical charge q, as:
E = λe Wk Wv = q Wv
For inertial purposes, or with respect to the electromagnetic frame (or any such frame), this electrical structure is 'seen' as having the inertial property described by λe c2 = me c2. And likewise, whenever this rest energy is effectively transformed into an ionizing photon (by impact, to generate the limit X-ray, as in production of photoelectrons, or by pair-annihilation, to generate a gamma-ray), the electrical structure of that electron is dissolved, and its inertial or rest energy equivalent becomes effectively transformed into electromagnetic energy in conformity to the real conversion given by me c2 = hυ. This also serves as a demonstration that the 'rest' energy frame of a particle or a body is also its electromagnetic frame.
Accordingly, Aetherometry explicitly argues that photons do not really have electrical or magnetic fields; this is in accordance with the fact that photons do not present electrical charge and that thus one does not mistake them for electrons! What possesses electrical and magnetic fields are charges, whether massfree or massbound. The latter, furthermore, possess such fields as are associated with their rest energy and also with the energy of their motion.
2.2. In accordance with the preceding, Aetherometry claims that solar radiation is electrical, not because it is composed of photons, but because it consists of propagating massfree charges. Unlike massbound charges, massfree charges have no fixed spin orientation with respect to forward propagation. They can be thought of as net spin 0 charges. But at any time, they may have an effective spin that is either -1/2 or +1/2 (actually, -1 and +1, as spin, in Aetherometry, is a number property of angular momentum, not of the number of 'hyperdimensions' attributed to states of polarization, as it is in Quantum Electrodynamics). They also have transverse, or near-transverse, electrical and magnetic fields, waves and field wave-vectors. But whereas the waves composing a photon are analogous to the transverse waves that propagate in water and limited to circularized motion, the waves composing a massfree charge are analogous to the longitudinal pressure waves responsible for the forward propagation of sound. Massfree charges cannot be described as occupying or forming a globular space, or even a toroidal one, but as occupying or forming a forward-moving cycloidal helix.
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