This may have been posted before, but these time lapse photo's seem to show stars way above the atmosphere. I don't understand your view that the sun only emits in waves...
The stars in the 'videos' from the ISS are well within the ionosphere of Earth if you work out from the curvature shown. Also the stars are more visible as the Sun is coming up, as the dusty disk around the Sun amplifies the effect that produse the visibility. In the very low light experiments imaging the Zodiacal light from the Apollo missions, the stars were visible over the limb of the Moon under similar circumstances.
http://www.nasaimages.org/luna/servlet/ ... ight-views
NASA and other agencies are very good at producing the eye candy that diverts our attention away from considering what they do not show us, images that should be easily obtainable from space, but for some reason aren't. Now they have the external HD video cameras on the ISS, where is an image of the Moon, looking the same as an HD video taken from Earth? I suppose they are just not interested in seeing the Moon from space. Unless the Earth is in, or just out of shot, of course.
I still waiting for the results of this test:
Hubble to Use Moon as Mirror to See Venus Transit
http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/hubbl ... irror.html
Yes, Hubble is imaging the Moon, thanks to its UV/Vis. spectrograph and other instruments.
Sparky, I don't know your level of knowledge regarding light, but there is lots of info online. Walter Lewin has an intro lecture, The Mystery of Light.
He admits that we don't actually know what it is, but we do know how it behaves and how to use it in some amazing ways.
You can also look at his lecture series, Electricity and Magnetism:
http://ocw.mit.edu/courses/physics/8-02 ... -lectures/
Lecture 34 is very informative, I thought.